Regional Economics Information

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Data & Analysis

Labor Markets - June 2008

Data Sources on the Web
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
U.S. Department of Labor
 
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Payroll Employment Growth
Payroll Employment Growth
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Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

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District Payroll Employment Growth
District Payroll Employment Growth
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Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

Month-over-Month Change in Employment: May 2008
Month-over-Month Change in Employment
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Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Explanation of chart
Payroll Employment Momentum
Unemployment Rates
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Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

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Unemployment Rates
Unemployment Rates
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Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Unemployment Rates: May 2008
Unemployment Rates
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Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Initial and Continuing Unemployment Claims
Initial and Continuing Unemployment Claims
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Source: U.S. Department of Labor
Data and Analysis

Labor Markets

June 2008

Payroll Employment
Payroll Employment Momentum
Unemployment Rate
Unemployment Claims

Payroll Employment
According to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data, the states of the Sixth District lost an estimated net 3,300 jobs in May from a month earlier on a seasonally adjusted basis. All District states except Florida and Louisiana added jobs in May. Georgia added 2,200 to payrolls, Alabama added 300, and Mississippi and Tennessee each added 100 jobs. Employment in Louisiana was flat, while Florida lost an estimated 6,000 jobs.

Revisions to April data show net job losses in April in Alabama (3,600), Florida (30,500), Georgia (13,700), Mississippi (200), and Tennessee (10,500). Louisiana added 1,700 jobs in April.

On a year-over-year basis, May job counts were up in Alabama (by 8,500 jobs), Georgia (by 20,900), Louisiana (by 30,800), and Mississippi (by 5,700), but Florida lost 74,700 jobs, and Tennessee lost 6,700 jobs.

Payroll Employment Momentum
Payroll employment momentum for May 2008 was positive but unimpressive for Mississippi and Louisiana (both short- and long-term growth are positive). Georgia, which showed positive employment momentum in April, showed signs of slipping in May. Alabama and the United States (less the states of the Sixth District) were also in the slipping quadrant. Florida and Tennessee both continued to show weakness (both short- and long-term employment trends are negative).

Unemployment Rate
The overall unemployment rate for the region increased to 5.6 percent in May from 5.0 percent in April on a seasonally adjusted basis. From April to May, the unemployment rate increased from 4.0 percent to 4.7 percent in Alabama, from 5.0 percent to 5.5 percent in Florida, from 5.3 percent to 5.8 percent in Georgia, from 5.9 percent to 6.9 percent in Mississippi, and from 5.4 percent to 6.4 percent in Tennessee; the unemployment rate decreased from 4.1 percent to 4 percent in Louisiana.

Unemployment Claims
Districtwide initial unemployment claims (IUC) at the end of May were 18.1 percent higher than a year earlier. IUC in Florida and Georgia jumped 25 and 29 percent, respectively, above May 2007 levels. Continuing claims for unemployment insurance were also up in all District states, most notably in Florida (53 percent) and Georgia (36 percent). Higher continuing claims suggest that people who have lost their jobs are having more difficulty finding new employment.


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