Federal Reserve Human Capital Compendium

This repository provides access to research published since 2008 by the Board of Governors and all 12 Federal Reserve Banks on topics related to employment, unemployment, and workforce development. Our aim is to make this resource a vital tool for researchers, students, and all those interested in the economics of labor markets and workforce development.

Education

Early childhood

Universally Available, Publicly Funded Early Education. MacEwan, Arthur. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Winter 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2014/winter/universally-available-publicly-funded-early-education.htm

Land of Opportunity? Economic Mobility in the United States. Athreya, Kartik, and Jessie Romero. Economic Brief 13-07. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, July 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2013/pdf/eb_13-07.pdf

Early Childhood Education: Springfield Tackles a Benchmark. Sege, Irene. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Winter 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2012/winter/springfield-tackles-a-benchmark.htm

Early Childhood Education. Speech by Chairman Ben Bernanke to the Children's Defense Fund National Conference, Cincinnati, OH. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, July 24, 2012. http://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/speech/bernanke20120724a.htm

Infrastructure Investment Begins with Children. Pardee, Mav. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2012/spring/infrastructure-investment-begins-with-children.htm

When Should Children Start School? Aliprantis, Dionissi. Working Paper 11-26R. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2011/wp1126r.pdf

Impact of the Great Recession on Public Schools in the Region. Speech by President William C. Dudley to the Quarterly Regional Economic Press Briefing, New York, NY. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, January 27, 2012. http://www.newyorkfed.org/newsevents/speeches/2012/dud120127.html

Babies, Brains, and Abilities. Nash, Betty Joyce. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Fourth Quarter 2011. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2011/q4/pdf/feature4.pdf

Stop Investing in Stadiums...Start Investing in Kids. Forefront. Interview with Art Rollnick by Mark Sniderman. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, October 6, 2010. http://www.clevelandfed.org/Forefront/2010/09/ff_2010_fall_05.cfm

An Early Childhood Investment with a High Public Return. Grunewald, Rob, and Arthur J. Rolnick. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/pub_assets/pdf/re/2010/c/childhood_education.pdf

Early Childhood Education, Economic Development, and the Business Community. Speech by President Dennis P. Lockhart to the University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 22, 2009. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/lockhart_102209.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

How and Why Does Age at Kindergarten Entry Matter? Cascio, Elizabeth. FRBSF Economic Letter 2008-24. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, August 8, 2008. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2008/el2008-24.html

K-12

Reaching Future Manufacturers in Middle School. Palisano, Susan H. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Winter 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2014/winter/reaching-target-audiences-in-middle-school.htm

The Implications of Flat or Declining Real Wages for Inequality. Hotchkiss, Julie L. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 30, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/06/the-implications-of-flat-or-declining-real-wages-for-inequality.html?d=1&s=hcc

Connecting Education and Industry through Career Pathways. Shepelwich, Steve. Community Connections. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, June 2014. http://www.kc.frb.org/publications/community/connections/article.cfm?pubID=1403625532861&issueID=1403636176982&publicationID=1380039527762

High School Graduation Rates in the Fifth District. 5th District Footprint. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2014. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/community_development/5th_district_footprint/2014/footprint_201405.cfm

Fixing the STEM Pipeline. Davies, Phil. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5304

Getting to the Root of STEM. Davies, Phil. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5302&

On the Record: Texas Students Often Lack Skills, Financial Knowledge for College Success. Webster, Jeff. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Second Quarter 2014. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2014/swe1402c.pdf

The Scourge of Dropping Out. Fahlberg, Victoria. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2014/spring/the-scourge-of-dropping-out.htm

The Prospects of Non-College-Bound Workers in the Fourth District. Richter, Francisca G., and Lisa Nelson. A Look behind the Numbers. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 10, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/community_development/publications/albtn/v7_1/index.cfm

Starting Early in Workforce Development. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the Charlotte Branch Conference Center, Charlotte, NC. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, November 5, 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2013/lacker_speech_20131105.cfm

The Surprising Impact of High School Math on Job Market Outcomes. James, Jonathan. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, November 1, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2013/2013-14.cfm

For Hispanics, Border Wage Gap Reflects Education, English Divide. English, Christina. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Third Quarter 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2013/swe1303g.pdf

Educational Attainment and Economic Outcomes. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the Early Childhood Summit 2013: Innovation and Opportunity, Boston, MA. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, April 5, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2013/040513/

Closing the Academic Divide through Debate. Belanger, Ashley, and Steve Stein. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/spring/closing-the-academic-divide-through-debate.htm

How Did Education Financing in New Jersey’s Abbott Districts Fare during the Great Recession? Chakrabarti, Rajashri, and Sarah Sutherland. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 6, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/02/education-financing-and-the-great-recession-how-did-new-jerseys-abbott-districts-fare.html

Human Capital in the Inner City. Aliprantis, Dionissi. Working Paper 13-02. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2013/wp1302.pdf

Employment in Education and Healthcare Services. Dunne, Timothy, and Kyle Fee. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, January 10, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0113/01labmar.cfm

Measuring the Effect of School Choice on Economic Outcomes. Owyang, Michael T., and E. Katarina Vermann. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2012. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/pub_assets/pdf/re/2012/d/high_schools.pdf

Out-of-School Suspensions and Parental Involvement in Children's Education. Canon, Maria E. Working Paper 2011-022B. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, September 2011. Revised October 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2011/2011-022.pdf

The Widening Academic Achievement Gap between the Rich and the Poor. Reardon, Sean. Community Investments Vol. 24, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Summer 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/community/investments/1202/community-investments-The-Widening-Academic-Achievement-Gap-between-the-Rich-and-the-Poor.cfm

Unintended Consequences in School Accountability Policies. Chakrabarti, Rajashri, and Noah Schwartz. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, November 28, 2011. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2011/11/unintended-consequences-in-school-accountability-policies.html

Incentives and Responses under No Child Left Behind: Credible Threats and the Role of Competition. Chakrabarti, Rajashri. Staff Report 525. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, November 2011. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr525.html

Are Charter Schools Draining Private School Enrollment? Chakrabarti, Rajashri, Joydeep Roy, and Elizabeth Setren. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, August 24, 2011. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2011/08/are-charter-schools-draining-private-school-enrollment.html

¡Ándale Pues! Get on with Advancing Hispanic Prosperity through Education. Speech by President Richard W. Fisher to the Hispanic Economic Experience Conference, Dallas, TX. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, June 16, 2011. http://www.dallasfed.org/news/speeches/fisher/2011/fs110616.cfm

Do Charter Schools Crowd Out Private School Enrollment? Evidence from Michigan. Chakrabarti, Rajashri, and Joydeep Roy. Staff Report 472. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, September 2010. Revised February 2011. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr472.html

Ready to Work? The Long Term Impact of Child Health on Economic Development. Economic Development podcast series, Jay Berkelhamer with Ana Cruz-Taura. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/11feb16_Berkelhamer.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Educational Opportunity: Does Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Hurt Nearby Schools? Di, Wenhua, and James C. Murdoch. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, First Quarter 2011. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2011/swe1101d.pdf

Charter School Tax Credit: Investing in Human Capital. Galloway, Ian. Working Paper 2010-08. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, December 2010. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/community/wpapers/2010/working_paper_2010_08_galloway.html

Redshirting, Compulsory Schooling Laws, and Educational Attainment. Aliprantis, Dionissi. Working Paper 10-12. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 2010. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2010/wp1012.pdf

The Impact of LIHTC Program on Local Schools. Di, Wenhua, and James C. Murdoch. Working Paper 1006. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, June 2010. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2010/wp1006.pdf

On the Record: Why Hispanic Education Deficits Persist. Fry, Richard. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, First Quarter 2010. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2010/swe1001e.pdf

School Vouchers and Student Achievement: Recent Evidence, Remaining Questions. Barrow, Lisa, and Cecilia Elena Rouse. Working Paper 2008-08. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, August 6, 2008. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2008/wp_08.cfm

School Vouchers: The Right Choice or Wrong Policy for Improving Our Schools? Armesto, Michelle T. Liber8 Economic Information Newsletter. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, August 2008. http://research.stlouisfed.org/pageone-economics/uploads/newsletter/2008/200808.pdf

Impact of Voucher Design on Public School Performance: Evidence from Florida and Milwaukee Voucher Programs. Chakrabarti, Rajashri. Staff Report 315. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, January 2008. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr315.pdf

Postsecondary

The Success Boston Initiative. Sum, Andrew, Ishwar Khatiwada, and Sheila Palma. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Winter 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2014/winter/the-success-boston-initiative.htm

A New Tool for the College Graduate Job Market. Grunewald, Rob, and Dulguun Batbold. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 30, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/06/for-those-graduating-from-college-and-looking-for-a-job-or-for-those-heading-to-college-and-looking-to-choose-a-career-path.html

The Implications of Flat or Declining Real Wages for Inequality. Hotchkiss, Julie L. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 30, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/06/the-implications-of-flat-or-declining-real-wages-for-inequality.html?d=1&s=hcc

Till College Do Us Part. Davies, Phil. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5267

Interview with Glenn Loury. Clement, Douglas. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5331

Do the Benefits of College Still Outweigh the Costs? Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Current Issues in Economics and Finance Vol. 20, 3. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 2014. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/current_issues/ci20-3.html

Is It Still Worth Going to College? Daly, Mary C., and Leila Bengali. FRBSF Economic Letter 2014-13. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, May 5, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2014/may/is-college-worth-it-education-tuition-wages/

Middle-Skill Jobs Lost in U.S. Labor Market Polarization. Cheremukhin, Anton. Economic Letter Vol. 9, 5. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, May 2014. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/eclett/2014/el1405.pdf

Getting to the Root of STEM. Davies, Phil. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5302&

Fixing the STEM Pipeline. Davies, Phil. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5304

Foreign Students Helping to Meet Demand for STEM Graduates. Davies, Phil. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, March 19, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/03/nationwide-and-in-the-district-theres-widespread-concern-that-colleges-and-universities-arent-producing-enough-stem-s.html

Making Smarter Decisions about Higher Education. Owen, Stephanie, and Isabel Sawhill. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2014/spring/making-smarter-decisions-about-higher-education.htm

The Prospects of Non-College-Bound Workers in the Fourth District. Richter, Francisca G., and Lisa Nelson. A Look behind the Numbers. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 10, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/community_development/publications/albtn/v7_1/index.cfm

Stepping Stone and Option Value in a Model of Postsecondary Education. Trachter, Nicholas. Working Paper 14-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, February 2014. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2014/pdf/wp14-03.pdf

For-Profit Colleges and the Student Debt Crisis. Choi, Laura. Community Development. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 10, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/blog/for-profit-colleges-and-the-student-debt-crisis/

Are Recent College Graduates Finding Good Jobs? Abel, Jaison R., Richard Deitz, and Yaqin Su. Current Issues in Economics and Finance Vol. 20, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, January 2014. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/current_issues/ci20-1.pdf

The Economic Plight of Millennials. Carter, Mark. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/14q1_millennials.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Just Released: Lifting the Veil—For-Profits in the Higher Education Landscape. Chakrabarti, Rajashri, and John Grigsby. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, November 20, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/11/just-released-lifting-the-veilfor-profits-in-the-higher-education-landscape.html

Human Capital Investment as a Major Financial Decision. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the Council for Economic Education, Baltimore, MD. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, October 4, 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2013/lacker_speech_20131004.cfm

Lifetime Earnings: A Good Reason to Go to College. Inside the Vault. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Fall 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/itv/articles/?id=2432

Preferences and Biases in Educational Choices and Labor Market Expectations: Shrinking the Black Box of Gender. Reuben, Ernesto, Matthew Wiswall, and Basit Zafar. Staff Report 627. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, August 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr627.html

Are Recent College Graduates Finding Good Jobs? Speech by President William C. Dudley to the Quarterly Regional Economic Press Briefing, New York , NY. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 27, 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/newsevents/speeches/2013/dud130627.html

Just Released: Are Recent College Graduates Finding Good Jobs? Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 27, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/06/just-released-are-recent-college-graduates-finding-good-jobs.html

Underemployment, College Graduates, and the Recession. James, Jon, and Christopher Vecchio. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 21, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0713/01regeco.cfm

Oklahoma Labor Markets and the Importance of Community Colleges. Speech by Vice President Chad Wilkerson to the Oklahoma Workforce Development Conference, Oklahoma City, OK. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, June 12, 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/speeches/2013Wilkerson-OKC-WorkforceSymposium-06-13.pdf

Accounting for Job Loss. Clement, Douglas. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 10, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5115

Implications of Risks and Rewards in College Decisions. Athreya, Kartik, and David A. Price. Economic Brief 13-06. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2013/pdf/eb_13-06.pdf

What Flattened the Earnings Profile of Recent College Graduates? Kong, Yu-Chien, and B. Ravikumar. Economic Synopses 14. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 30, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/13/ES_14_2013-05-30.pdf

Do Big Cities Help College Graduates Find Better Jobs? Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, May 20, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/05/do-big-cities-help-college-graduates-find-better-jobs.html

Retaining Recent College Graduates in New England: An Update on Current Trends. Sasser Modestino, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Policy Brief 13-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, May 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2013/briefs132.pdf

Women's Emancipation through Education: A Macroeconomic Analysis. Guvenen, Fatih, and Michelle Rendall. Working Paper 704. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 15, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5088

Higher Education: A Deflating Bubble? Tkac, Paula, and Michael Chriszt. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 12, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/04/higher-education-a-deflating-bubble.html?d=1&s=hcc

Where Are the Women? Romero, Jessie. Econ Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/econ_focus/2013/q2/pdf/profession.pdf

Educational Attainment and Demographic Differences in Employment. Aliprantis, Dionissi, and Nelson Oliver. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 18, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0313/01houcon.cfm

The Supply of College-Educated Workers: The Roles of College Premia, College Costs, and Risk. Athreya, Kartik B., and Janice Eberly. Working Paper 13-02. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, March 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/#tabview=tab0

Spotlight on Research: Youth Debt and College Graduation. Smith, Marvin M. Cascade 82. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Winter/Spring 2013. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/82/07_youth-debt-and-college-graduation.cfm

Investing in Yourself: An Economic Approach to Education Decisions. Wolla, Scott A. Page One Economics Newsletter. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, February 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/pageone-economics/pages/newsletter.php?nid=75&title=Investing+in+Yourself%3A+An+Economic+Approach+to+Education+Decisions

How Do College Students Respond to Public Information about Earnings? Wiswall, Matthew, and Basit Zafar. Staff Reports 516. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, September 2011. Revised January 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr516.html

Regional Resilience. Lin, Jeffrey. Working Paper 13-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, December 17, 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2013/wp13-1.pdf

Getting School and Workforce Systems to Work Together. Sainz, Robert. Cascade 79. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, December 31, 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/79/07_getting-school-and-workforce-systems-to-work-together.cfm

Louisville's 55,000 Degrees. 8 from the Eighth podcast series, Mary Gwen Wheeler with Maria Hampton. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, November 20, 2012. http://www.stlouisfed.org/community_development/multimedia/audio/8-From-the-Eighth/

Regional Differences in Science and Engineering Schooling and Employment. Dunne, Timothy, and Kyle Fee. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, October 9, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/1012/01labmar.cfm

The Upside of Down: Postsecondary Enrollment in the Great Recession. Barrow, Lisa, and Jonathan Davis. Economic Perspectives 36. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Fourth Quarter 2012. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/economic_perspectives/2012/4q_barrow_davis.cfm

Journey to Work. Nash, Betty Joyce. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Fourth Quarter 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2012/q4/pdf/feature2.pdf

Reflections on Leadership from a Federal Reserve Policymaker. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the Miami University, Farmer School of Business, Oxford, OH. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 20, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2012/Pianalto_20120920.cfm

Delaying Enrollment and College Completion. James, Jonathan. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 4, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0912/01labmar.cfm

The College Wage Premium. James, Jonathan. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, August 8, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2012/2012-10.pdf

Are New Graduates Left Behind in a Recession? Sablik, Tim. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter/Third Quarter 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2012/q2-3/pdf/research_spotlight.pdf

10 Things to Know about the Shape of Ohio's Skilled Workforce. Dunne, Timothy, and Guhan Venkatu. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 15, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2012/2012-06.cfm

Neighborhood Dynamics and the Distribution of Opportunity. Aliprantis, Dionissi, and Daniel Carroll. Working Paper 12-12. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2012/wp1212.pdf

Is Intergenerational Economic Mobility Lower Now Than in the Past? Mazumder, Bhashkar. Chicago Fed Letter 297. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, April 2012. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2012/cflapril2012_297.pdf

College Degrees: Why Aren't More People Making the Investment? Canon, Maria E., and Charles S. Gascon. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 2012. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2219

Educational Attainment and Earnings. Aliprantis, Dionissi, and Margaret Jacobson. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 7, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0312/01houcon.cfm

Starting Off on the Wrong Foot: Early Careers and High Unemployment. James, Jonathan. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 2, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0312/01labmar.cfm

Credentials that Work: Innovations in Labor Market Information. Dorrer, John, Myriam Milfort, and Jeremy Kelley. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2012/spring/credentials-that-work.htm

Keys to Growth for the Nation and the Region. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the City Club of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 1, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2012/Pianalto_20120301.cfm

Paying for Performance: The Education Impacts of a Community College Scholarship Program for Low-Income Adults. Barrow, Lisa, Lashawn Richburg-Hayes, Cecilia Elena Rouse, and Thomas Brock. Working Paper 2009-13. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, December 2010. Revised February 2012. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2009/wp_13.cfm

Asset-Building Strategies in Community Colleges. Gunter, Julie. Banking and Community Perspectives 1. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, February 2012. http://www.dallasfed.org/cd/bcp/2012/bcp1201.cfm

Workforce Skills across the Urban-Rural Hierarchy. Abel, Jaison R., Todd M. Gabe, and Kevin Stolarick. Staff Report 552. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 2012. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr552.pdf

Higher Education and the Economy. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the New England Board of Higher Education's "New England Works" Summit on Bridging Higher Education and the Workforce, Boston, MA. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, November 7, 2011. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2011/110711/

The Growing Difference in College Attainment between Women and Men. Aliprantis, Dionissi, Timothy Dunne, and Kyle Fee. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, October 18, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/Commentary/2011/2011-21.cfm

Polarization, Immigration, Education: What's behind the Dramatic Decline in Youth Employment? Smith, Christopher L. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2011-41. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, October 2011. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2011/201141/201141pap.pdf

Ability Matching and Occupational Choice. James, Jonathan. Working Paper 11-25. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, October 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2011/wp1125.pdf

Workforce 2020: Uniting Business and Education in Rochester, Minnesota. Tefera, Wudase. Community Dividend. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 2011. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4748

The Role of Colleges and Universities in Building Local Human Capital. Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Current Issues in Economics and Finance Vol. 17, 6. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, October 2011. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/current_issues/ci17-6.html

Spotlight on Research: The Economic Benefit of a Community College Education. Smith, Marvin M. Cascade 78. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Fall 2011. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/78/05_economic-benefit-of-community-college-education.cfm

The Role of Schools in the Production of Achievement. Canon, Maria E. Working Paper 2010-042B. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2010. Revised September 2011. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2010/2010-042.pdf

Interview: Derek Neal. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Third Quarter 2011. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2011/q3/pdf/interview.pdf

Raising the College Degree Share: How Nongraduates Figure into It. Whitaker, Stephan. Economic Commentary 2011-09. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 7, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2011/2011-09.pdf

Educational Attainment and Employment. Aliprantis, Dionissi, and Mary Zenker. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 2, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2011/0311/01houcon.cfm

Do Colleges and Universities Increase Their Region's Human Capital? Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Staff Report 401. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, October 2009. Revised March 2011. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr401.pdf

The Intersection of Medical Training and Economic Development. Economic Development podcast series, Wayne J. Riley with Jessica Farr. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/11feb2_Riley.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Degrees of Job Security. Chung, Wonho, Phil Davies, and Terry J. Fitzgerald. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, December 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/region/10-12/jobsecurity.pdf

The Role of Technical and Vocational Schools in Easing Job Skills Mismatch. Economic Development podcast series, James King with Todd Greene. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/10nov17_king.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Education Wage Gap. Research Insights podcast series, Julie Hotchiss. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/researchinsights/10sep07_hotchkiss.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Importance of Community Colleges to the Tenth District Economy. Felix, Alison, and Adam Pope. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Third Quarter 2010. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/10q3Felix_Pope.pdf

Taxes, Wages and Human Capital. Clement, Douglas. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/region/10-06/rdtaxes.pdf

Human Capital and Economic Activity in Urban America. Abel, Jaison R., and Todd M. Gabe. Staff Report 332. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, July 2008. Revised February 2010. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr332.pdf

The Return to Education Isn't Calculated Easily. Kolesnikova, Natalia A. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2010. http://stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=1866

Taxation of Human Capital and Wage Inequality: A Cross-Country Analysis. Guvenen, Fatih, Burhanettin Kuruscu, and Serdar Ozkan. Research Department Staff Report 438. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, November 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr438.pdf

Retraining Displaced U.S. Workers. Engemann, Kristie M. Liber8 Economic Information Newsletter. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, September 2009. http://research.stlouisfed.org/pageone-economics/uploads/newsletter/2009/200909.pdf

The Changing Role of Community Colleges. Kolesnikova, Natalia A. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Fall 2009. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1699

Education and Earnings. Smith, Douglas C. Liber8 Economic Information Newsletter. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, August 2009. http://research.stlouisfed.org/pageone-economics/uploads/newsletter/2009/200908.pdf

From Community College to a Bachelor's Degree and Beyond: How Smooth Is the Road? Kolesnikova, Natalia. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2009. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/pub_assets/pdf/re/2009/c/community_college.pdf

College Pays Dividends—More So in Texas than U.S. Kumar, Anil. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Second Quarter 2009. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2009/swe0902b.pdf

Lasting Connections: Using Internships to Retain Recent College Graduates in New England. Sasser, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Policy Brief 09-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, March 2009. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2009/pb093.htm

Community Colleges: A Route of Upward Economic Mobility. Kolesnikova, Natalia. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 2009. http://stlouisfed.org/community_development/assets/pdf/CommunityColleges.pdf

College Major Choice and the Gender Gap. Zafar, Basit. Staff Report 364. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 2009. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr364.pdf

Factors Affecting the Supply of Recent College Graduates in New England. Sasser, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Policy Brief 09-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, January 2009. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2009/briefs901.pdf

Community Colleges: Not So Junior Anymore. Kolesnikova, Natalia A., and Luke Shimek. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2008. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/pub_assets/pdf/re/2008/d/colleges.pdf

The College as Community-Based Organization. Andrews, Todd. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Fall 2008. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2008/fall/Andrews_Goodwin_College_East_Hartford.pdf

The Future of the Skilled Labor Force in New England: The Supply of Recent College Graduates. Sasser, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Research Report 08-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, September 2008. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/researchreports/2008/rr0801.htm

Industries

Health care

The Rise of Education and Health Services. Zimmermann, Christian. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 16, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/06/the-rise-of-education-and-health-services/

Contractor Incubator Is a Catalyst for Change. Wenske, Paul. Community Connections. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, December 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publications/community/connections/article.cfm?pubID=1382382785528&issueID=1382653626547&publicationID=1380039527762

The ACA and Uncertainty around Business Health Care Insurance Premiums. Terry, Ellyn. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 8, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/08/the-aca-and-uncertainty-around-business-health-care-insurance-premiums.html?d=1&s=hcc

Firms Expect Health Act to Raise Labor Costs. Jordan, Amy, and Pia Orrenius. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Third Quarter 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2013/swe1303f.pdf

So Far, Few Employers Cutting Workers to Part Time in Response to Affordable Care Act. Madden, Toby. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, March 20, 2013. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2013/03/like-it-or-not-the-affordable-care-act-will-offer-an-interesting-economic-experiment-on-incentives-or-punishments-dependin.html

What's Driving Medical-Care Spending Growth? Shapiro, Adam Hale. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-07. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 11, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2013/el2013-07.html

Decomposing Medical-Care Expenditure Growth. Dunn, Abe, Eli Liebman, and Adam Hale Shapiro. Working Paper 2012-26. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, November 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2012/wp12-26bk.pdf

Why the Geographic Variation in Health Care Spending Can't Tell Us Much about the Efficiency or Quality of Our Health Care System. Sheiner, Louise. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-04. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 20, 2012. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201304/201304abs.html

The Doctor Is In: Economic Development Strategies in Health Care. Economic Development podcast series, Dr. Ricardo Azziz with Paige Dennard. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/111216_azziz.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Examining Health Care Employment: The Prognosis Is Good. Condon, Nancy. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Third Quarter 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/11q3_healthcare_employment.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Texas Service Sector Outlook Survey: Completing the Regional Economic Picture. Cañas, Jesus, and Emily Kerr. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Second Quarter 2011. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2011/swe1102d.pdf

Healthy Workforce=Competitive Advantage. Economic Development podcast series, Dr. Rhonda Medows and Kyan Bishop. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/11mar01_Medows.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Who Will Treat the Sick? Emerging Trends in the Hospital Based Workforce. Economic Development podcast series, Dr. Stephen Newman with Paige Dennard. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/11jan21_Newman.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Child Health and Future Success. Grunewald, Rob. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, December 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4587

An Overview of the Healthcare System. Shenk, Michael. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 7, 2009. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2009/0409/04ecoact.cfm

Manufacturing

Reaching Future Manufacturers in Middle School. Palisano, Susan H. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Winter 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2014/winter/reaching-target-audiences-in-middle-school.htm

A Southern Slowdown in Manufacturing. Balthrop, Troy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 10, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/07/a-southern-slowdown-in-manufacturing.html?d=1&s=hcc

Seventh District R&D: Manufacturing the Leader. Testa, Bill. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, June 23, 2014. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2014/06/rd_mfg_blog.html

Southeast Manufacturing Rides a Wave in May. Balthrop, Troy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 12, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/06/southeast-manufacturing-rides-a-wave-in-may.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Decline of Manufacturing. Zimmermann, Christian. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 21, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/04/the-decline-of-manufacturing/

Tennessee's Auto Industry: Pitfalls and Potholes. Balthrop, Troy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 3, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/03/tennessees-auto-industry-pitfalls-and-potholes.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Importance of Manufacturing to the Seventh District and Michigan. Traub, Paul. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, January 27, 2014. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2014/01/traub_mfg_blog.html

Contractor Incubator Is a Catalyst for Change. Wenske, Paul. Community Connections. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, December 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publications/community/connections/article.cfm?pubID=1382382785528&issueID=1382653626547&publicationID=1380039527762

Michigan Automotive, More Than Production. Walstrum, Thom, and Bill Testa. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, November 12, 2013. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2013/11/

The Surprisingly Swift Decline of U.S. Manufacturing Employment. Pierce, Justin R., and Peter K. Schott. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-04. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, November 2012. Revised November 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2014/201404/201404pap.pdf

Regional Manufacturing Hums a Familiar Tune in August. Balthrop, Troy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 12, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/09/regional-manufacturing-hums-a-familiar-tune-in-august.html?d=1&s=hcc

Placing Manufacturing in Context. Speech by President Richard W. Fisher to the U.S. Manufacturing Summit, Orlando, FL. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, August 22, 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/news/speeches/fisher/2013/fs130822.cfm

Energy Brightens Louisiana's Manufacturing Outlook. Durham, Rebekah. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 20, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/08/energy-brightens-louisianas-manufacturing-outlook.html?d=1&s=hcc

Reemploying Displaced Workers: Lessons from North Carolina. McKay, Shannon. Community Scope Vol. 3, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, August 9, 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/community_development/community_scope/2013/pdf/vol03_issue01_full_issue.pdf

The Mechanics behind Manufacturing Job Losses. Gavin, William T. Economic Synopses 20. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 26, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/13/ES_20_2013-07-26.pdf

Louisville Successfully Transitions from Industrial to Service Economy. Gascon, Charles S., and Sean P. Grover. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2393

Urban Areas Host the Largest Manufacturing and Service Employers. Hernández-Murillo, Rubén, and Elise Marifian. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2392

Expansion in Regional Manufacturing Continues. Pitts, Amy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 10, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/05/expansion-in-regional-manufacturing-continues.html?d=1&s=hcc

Industrialization and the Workforce. Price, David A. Econ Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/econ_focus/2013/q2/pdf/research_spotlight.pdf

Regional Manufacturing Continues Its Slow but Steady Climb; Can It Continue? Pitts, Amy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 15, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/03/regional-manufacturing-continues-its-slow-but-steady-climb.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Mexican Manufacturing Renaissance. EconSouth Now podcast series, Ed Skelton with Steve Kay. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/econsouthnow/130328_skelton.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Regional Manufacturing Index Jumps in January. Pitts, Amy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 13, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/02/regional-manufacturing-index-jumps-in-january.html?d=1&s=hcc

Regional Manufacturing Survey Ended 2012 with a Fizzle, but Could Start 2013 with a Bang. Chriszt, Michael. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 9, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/01/regional-manufacturing-survey-ended-2012-with-a-fizzle.html?d=1&s=hcc

Stayed in America: Manufacturing Jobs Aren’t Leaving Seymour, Ind. Thomson, Susan C. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2321

Manufacturing Activity up again in 2012; Stable Activity Expected for 2013. Madden, Toby. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5024

Determinants of College Major Choice: Identification Using an Information Experiment. Wiswall, Matthew, and Basit Zafar. Staff Report 500. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 2011. Revised January 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr500.html

Bordering on a Boom: Mexico Manufacturing Builds a Future. Alexeenko, Galina, Ed English, and Stephen Kay. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/econsouth/13q1_summary_mexico_manufacturing.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

What Ever Happened to the Puerto Rican Sugar Manufacturing Industry? Bridgman, Benjamin, Michael Maio, James A. Schmitz Jr., and Arilton Teixeira. Staff Report 477. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, December 27, 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5021

Micro Data and Macro Technology. Oberfield, Ezra, and Devesh Raval. Working Paper 2012-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, November 16, 2012. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2012/wp_11.cfm

Manufacturing and Construction Decline in the Ranks of Top 10 Employers. Hernández-Murillo, Rubén, and Elise Marifian. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2012. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/pub_assets/pdf/re/2012/d/industry.pdf

Made (Again?) in the USA. Wirtz, Ronald A. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4981

Unemployment and Workforce Development in San Antonio, Texas. Podcasts with various participants. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, September 25, 2012. http://www.dallasfed.org/cd/pubs/workforce.cfm?tab=4

Creating Success. Wright, Kevin. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Fall 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/fall2012/manufacturing-great-plains.pdf

Manufacturing Employment: A Longer View. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 18, 2012. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2012/05/manufacturing-employment-a-longer-view.html?d=1&s=hcc

Technology, Unemployment and Workforce Development in a Rapidly Changing World. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the business and community leaders, Greensboro, NC. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 7, 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2012/pdf/lacker_speech_20120507.pdf

Desperately Seeking Workers in the Oil Patch. Davies, Phil. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/fedgaz/12-04/desperately_seeking_oil_patch_workers.pdf

The Transformation of Manufacturing across Federal Reserve Districts: Success for the Great Plains? Wilkerson, Chad R., and Megan D. Williams. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Second Quarter 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/12q2Wilkerson-Williams.pdf

Rebuilding Rural Manufacturing. Henderson, Jason. The Main Street Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, March/April 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/mse/MSE_0212.pdf

Why Are Manufacturers Struggling to Hire High-Skilled Workers? Lombardi, Britton, and William Testa. Chicago Fed Letter 289. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, August 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2011/august_289.cfm

The Case of the Disappearing Large-Employer Manufacturing Plants: Not Much of a Mystery after All. Holmes, Thomas J. Economic Policy Paper 11-4. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2011. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/eppapers/11-4/eppaper11-4_disappearance.pdf

Tracking Jobs in Clean Industries in New England. Gittell, Ross, and Josh Stillwagon. New England Economic Indicators. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Third Quarter 2011. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neei/articles/2011/tracking-jobs-in-clean-industries-in-new-england.pdf

Not Your Father's Factory Job: Manufacturing and Economic Development. Economic Development podcast series, Jay Moon with Teresa Cheeks Wilson. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/110504_Moon.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Recent Manufacturing Employment Growth. Fee, Kyle. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 3, 2010. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2010/0610/01regact.cfm

Maquiladora Employment New Data Confirm Pickup in Juárez Factory Jobs. Coronado, Roberto, and Jesus Cañas. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Second Quarter 2010. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2010/swe1002d.pdf

Automotive Industry Outlook: Understanding Work Force Programs. Lavelle, Martin, and Britton Lombardi. Chicago Fed Letter 273a. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, April 2010. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2010/april_273a.cfm

Tennessee: Focus Is on "Green" Jobs, Fast Track Service. Moore Cowan, Kathy. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1954

Employment Loss in Ohio's Manufacturing Industry. Fee, Kyle. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 30, 2009. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2009/0409/02regact.cfm

Manufacturing Employment. Lee, Yoonsoo, and Beth Mowry. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, January 29, 2008. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2008/0208/02ecoact.cfm

Self-employment and entrepreneurship

Slow Business Start-ups and the Job Recovery. Laderman, Liz, and Sylvain Leduc. FRBSF Economic Letter 2014-20. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, July 7, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2014/july/startups-job-growth-recovery-housing-prices/

Where Do Young Firms Get Financing? Evidence from the Atlanta Fed Small Business Survey. Terry, Ellyn. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 20, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/05/where-do-young-firms-get-financing-evidence-from-the-atlanta-fed-small-business-survey.html?d=1&s=hcc

New Businesses: The Young and the (Hopefully) Established. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 25, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/04/new-businesses-the-young-and-the-hopefully-established.html

Economic Gardening: A Homegrown Approach to Growth. Economic Development podcast series, Dell Gines and Todd Johnson with Julie Gunter. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/140428_gines_johnson.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Entrepreneurial Tail Risk: Implications for Employment Dynamics. Drautzburg, Thorsten. Working Paper 13-45. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, November 15, 2012. Revised November 12, 2013. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2013/wp13-45.pdf

Who Works for Startups? The Relation between Firm Age, Employee Age, and Growth. Ouimet, Paige, and Rebecca Zarutskie. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-75. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, October 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201375/201375pap.pdf

Entrepreneurship and Occupational Choice in the Global Economy. Díez, Federico J., and Ali K. Ozdagli. Working Paper 11-5. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, April 2011. Revised June 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2011/wp1105.pdf

Promoting Economic Prosperity by Welcoming Immigrants. Steinhardt, Rachel. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Summer 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/summer/promoting-economic-prosperity-by-welcoming-immigrants.htm

A Test for Selection in Matched Administrative Earnings Data. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-07. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, May 30, 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201307/201307abs.html

Developing Small Businesses and Leveraging Resources in Detroit: An Informed Discussion among Financial Institutions, Policymakers and Other Stakeholders in Detroit. Newberger, Robin, and Maude Toussaint-Comeau. Profitwise News and Views. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, April 2013. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/profitwise_news_and_views/2013/pnv_apr2013.cfm

Revitalizing Downtown through Entrepreneurship. Economic Development podcast series, Ray Leach and Joe Marinucci with Paul Kaboth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130322_leach_marinucci.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Beginning Farmers and Local Food Systems. Thilmany, Dawn, and Mary Ahearn. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/spring/beginning-farmers-and-local-food-systems.htm

alt.Consulting: Helping Small Businesses Grow in the Arkansas-Mississippi Delta. Polonius, Ines. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=2377

Innovate Mississippi. Wilson, Teresa Cheeks. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=2380

The Challenges of Growth and Employment. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Instituto de Impresas, Madrid, Spain. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 12, 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/130212_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Women Entrepreneurs Mean Business. Economic Development podcast series, Alicia Robb with Karen Leon de Nie. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130124_robb.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Working Solo: Trends in the Growing Self-Employment Sector. Economic Development podcast series, Stephan Goetz with Theresa Singleton. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/121012_goetz.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Job Gains and Losses at Large and Small Firms during the Great Recession. Sánchez, Juan M., and Lowell R. Ricketts. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2012. http://stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2256

The State(s) of Entrepreneurship. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 18, 2012. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2012/04/everybody-loves-a-ranking-except-when-youre-on-the-unflattering-end-thats-particularly-the-case-when-it-comes-to-busi.html

Self-Employment an Option for Workers Who Lose Jobs in Economic Slowdowns. Kumar, Anil, and Michael Weiss. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Second Quarter 2012. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2012/swe1202g.pdf

Job Creation by Small and Large Firms over the Business Cycle. Tasci, Murat, and Emily Burgen. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 6, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0212/01labmar.cfm

Tax Relief? An Innovative Proposal to Nurture New Entrepreneurs. Economic Development podcast series, Bob Friedman with John Olson. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/120217_friedman.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Anatomy of the Measurement Problem. Wirtz, Ronald A. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 25, 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4813

Self-Employed: To Be, or Not to Be. Wirtz, Ronald A. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4812

Start-ups, Job Creation, and Financing. Lockhart, Dennis. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Fourth Quarter 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/11q4_fed_at_issue.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Cage Match: Entrepreneurs vs. the Recession. Wirtz, Ronald A. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2011. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4704

Self-Employment as Economic Development Strategy: What Does It Mean for Metro and Nonmetro Counties in the Southeastern United States? Rupasingha, Anil. Partners Update. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May/June 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/partnersupdate/11no3_self_employment_summary.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Great Recession's Effect on Entrepreneurship. Shane, Scott. Economic Commentary 2011-04. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 24, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2011/2011-04.pdf

Fact or Fallacy: Can Self Employment Improve Economic Opportunities for Low Skilled Workers? Economic Development podcast series, Magnus Loftstrom with Alicia Robb. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/10dec06_Lofstrom.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Entrepreneurs of Necessity. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 9, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/11/entrepreneurs-of-necessity.html?d=1&s=hcc

Starting Up When the Economy's Down: A Snapshot of Minnesota's New Entrepreneurs. Kokodoko, Michou. Community Dividend. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4496

Kentucky: Strategy Promotes Entrepreneurship. Weekly, Faith. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1957

Credit and Self-Employment. Akyol, Ahmet, and Kartik Athreya. Working Paper 09-05. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, April 8, 2009. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2009/pdf/wp09-5.pdf

Small business

Where Do Young Firms Get Financing? Evidence from the Atlanta Fed Small Business Survey. Terry, Ellyn. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 20, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/05/where-do-young-firms-get-financing-evidence-from-the-atlanta-fed-small-business-survey.html?d=1&s=hcc

Small Business and the Recovery. Speech by Chair Janet L. Yellen to the the National Small Business Week Event, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Washington, DC. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, May 15, 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/speech/yellen20140515a.htm

Economic Gardening: A Homegrown Approach to Growth. Economic Development podcast series, Dell Gines and Todd Johnson with Julie Gunter. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/140428_gines_johnson.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

What's Holding Back Job Growth? Davidson, Charles, and Lela Somoza. 2013 Annual Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 17, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/annualreport/13ar/polarization.html?d=1&s=hcc

An Analysis of SBA Loans in Lower-Income and Black Neighborhoods in Detroit and Michigan. Toussaint-Comeau, Maude, and Robin Newberger. ProfitWise News and Views. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Spring 2014. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/profitwise_news_and_views/2014/pnvspring2014_final%20web.pdf

Business Loans to Low-Income Entrepreneurs. Hahn, Martin. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2014/spring/business-loans-to-low-income-entrpreneurs.htm

Peer-to-Peer Lending to Small Business. Mach, Traci L., Courtney M. Carter, and Cailin R. Slattery. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-10. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, January 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2014/201410/201410pap.pdf

Small Business and the Modern Workplace. Economic Development podcast series, Ty Barksdale and Jake Rouch with Ann Marie Wiersch. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/131230_SmallBusinessChallenges.cfm?d=1&=hcc

Do Small Businesses Still Prefer Community Banks? Berger, Allen N., William Goulding, and Tara Rice. International Finance Discussion Paper 1096. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2013/1096/ifdp1096.pdf

Contractor Incubator Is a Catalyst for Change. Wenske, Paul. Community Connections. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, December 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publications/community/connections/article.cfm?pubID=1382382785528&issueID=1382653626547&publicationID=1380039527762

Small Business, Big Effects: Investing in Microenterprises. Economic Development podcast series, Elaine Edgcomb and Tamra Thetford with Joe Ott. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/131125_edgcomb_thetford.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Who Works for Startups? The Relation between Firm Age, Employee Age, and Growth. Ouimet, Paige, and Rebecca Zarutskie. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-75. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, October 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201375/201375pap.pdf

Is the U.S. Economy Losing Its Dynamism? Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Creative Leadership Summit, Louise Blouin Foundation, New York, NY. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 23, 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/130923_speech_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

A Toast to Small Business Growth. Remy, Susan. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 29, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/08/a-toast-to-small-business-growth.html?d=1&s=hcc

Mapping the Recovery: Sentiment Survey of Small Business Intermediaries in Chicago. Newberger, Robin, Susan Longworth, and Daniel DiFranco. ProfitWise News and Views. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, August 2013. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/profitwise_news_and_views/2013/pnv_aug2013.cfm

Locally Owned: Do Local Business Ownership and Size Matter for Local Economic Well-being? Rupasingha, Anil. Community and Economic Development Discussion Paper 2013-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/discussionpapers/13_01.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Newborn Businesses Crawling Again, Jobs Not Following in Tow. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 31, 2013. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2013/07/my-entry.html

The Hiring Forecasts of Small Firms: Will the Pace of Employment Growth Pick Up? Terry, Ellyn. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 7, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/06/hiring-forecasts-of-small-firms-will-pace-of-employment-growth-pick-up.html?d=1&s=hcc

Developing Small Businesses and Leveraging Resources in Detroit: An Informed Discussion among Financial Institutions, Policymakers and Other Stakeholders in Detroit. Newberger, Robin, and Maude Toussaint-Comeau. Profitwise News and Views. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, April 2013. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/profitwise_news_and_views/2013/pnv_apr2013.cfm

Innovate Mississippi. Wilson, Teresa Cheeks. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=2380

alt.Consulting: Helping Small Businesses Grow in the Arkansas-Mississippi Delta. Polonius, Ines. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=2377

Beginning Farmers and Local Food Systems. Thilmany, Dawn, and Mary Ahearn. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/spring/beginning-farmers-and-local-food-systems.htm

Small Business Lenders Have Opportunities for Collaboration on U.S. Treasury Initiative. Rolland, Keith L. Cascade 82. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Winter/Spring 2013. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/82/08_small-business-lenders-have-opportunities-for-collaboration-on-treasury-initiative.cfm

Promoting Job Creation: Don't Forget the Old Guys. Altig, Dave, and John Robertson. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 15, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/02/promoting-job-creation-dont-forget-the-old-guys.html?d=1&s=hcc

2013 Business Hiring Plans: Employment, Effort, Hours, and Fiscal Uncertainty. Robertson, John, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 5, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/02/2013-business-hiring-plans-employment-effort-hours-and-fiscal-uncertainty.html?d=1&s=hcc

Gazelles, and Why They Matter. Mancuso, Whitney, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 29, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/11/gazelles-and-why-they-matter.html?d=1&s=hcc

Economic Development in Rural Wisconsin: Developing a 21st Century Response to Compete in Today's Global Marketplace. Kuehl, Steven. Profitwise News and Views. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, November 2012. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/profitwise_news_and_views/2012/PNV_Nov2012_SpotL_FINAL_web.pdf

Job Gains and Losses at Large and Small Firms during the Great Recession. Sánchez, Juan M., and Lowell R. Ricketts. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2012. http://stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2256

Firm Size and Employment Dynamics in Recessions and Recoveries. Kong, Yu-Chien, and Juan M. Sánchez. Economic Synopses 16. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 22, 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/9310

Measuring Small Business Employment over the Business Cycle. Burgen, Emily, and Dionissi Aliprantis. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 22, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0612/01houcon.cfm

Financing Constraints and Unemployment: Evidence from the Great Recession. Duygan-Bump, Burcu, Alexey Levkov, and Judith Montoriol-Garriga. Working Paper QAU10-6. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, October 8, 2010. Revised December 14, 2011. http://www.bostonfed.org/bankinfo/qau/wp/2010/qau1006.pdf

Job Creation by Small Firms: Age Matters. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 18, 2011. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2011/11/job-creation-by-small-firms-age-matters.html?d=1&s=hcc

Start-ups, Job Creation, and Bank Financing. Speech by President Dennis P. Lockhart to the Conference on Small Business and Entrepreneurship during an Economic Recovery, Washington, DC. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 10, 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/111110_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The New Firm Employment Puzzle. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 18, 2011. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2011/08/new-firm-employment-puzzle.html?d=1&s=hcc

Should CDFIs Join Your Job-Creation Team? Economic Development podcast series, Donna Gambrell with Joseph Firschein. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/110810_Gambrell_b.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Small Things Really Matter: The Important Role of Microenterprise in Job Creation. Economic Development podcast series, Connie Evans with Alicia Williams. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/110425_Evans.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Small Businesses in Springfield, Massachusetts: A Look at Latino Entrepreneurship. Muñoz, Ana Patricia, Lynn Browne, Sol Carbonell, Prabal Chakrabarti, DeAnna Green, Yolanda K. Kodrzycki, Anna Steiger, Richard Walker, and Bo Zhao. Community Development Discussion Paper 2011-02. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, March 2011. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/pcadp/2011/pcadp1102.pdf

A New Way to Talk About Small Business: The Time Has Come for a Common Language. Douglas, Penelope, and Lauren Friedman Dixon. Working Paper 2011-02. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 2011. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/community/wpapers/2011/working_paper_2011_02_new_way_to_talk_about_small_business.html

The Big Impact of Small Business. Davidson, Charles. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Fourth Quarter 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/10q4_sb.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Small Business, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Recovery: A Focus on Job Creation and Economic Stabilization. Conference. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/conferences/10smallbusiness.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Small Businesses Are the Engine of Job Growth...or Is the Story More Complicated? Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 30, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/09/my-entry.html?d=1&s=hcc

Sizing Up Job Creation. Davies, Phil. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, September 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/region/10-09/jobs.pdf

More on Small Businesses and Jobs. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 24, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/03/more-on-small-businesses-and-jobs.html?d=1&s=hcc

Prospects for a Small Business-Fueled Employment Recovery. Pitts, Melinda. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 6, 2009. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2009/10/prospects-for-a-small-business-fueled-employment-recovery.html?d=1&s=hcc

Job Creation, Retention, & Workforce Development

Job creation and retention

What Private Payroll Employment Numbers Say about the Labor Market. Canon, Maria E. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 14, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/what-private-payroll-employment-numbers-say-about-the-labor-market/

Made in (but not Owned by) the USA. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 7, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/07/investment-is-typically-seen-as-a-sign-of-economic-strength-as-people-and-financial-entities-put-their-money-where-they-beli.html

Four Metro Areas Paint Four Different Pictures of Job Growth in Eighth District. Gascon, Charles S. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 7, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/four-metro-areas-paint-four-different-pictures-of-job-growth-in-eighth-district/

Separating Out Job Groups in the Sixth District. Carter, Mark, and Sandra Ghizoni. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 3, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/07/separating-out-job-groups-in-the-sixth-district.html?d=1&s=hcc

As Owensboro, Ky., Wraps Up Wave of Development, Hiring Slows Down. Arias, Maria A., and Charles S. Gascon. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2534

The Rise of Education and Health Services. Zimmermann, Christian. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 16, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/06/the-rise-of-education-and-health-services/

Just Released: What Kinds of Jobs Have Been Created during the Recovery? Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, May 21, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/05/just-released-what-kinds-of-jobs-have-been-created-during-the-recovery.html

What Kind of Jobs Have Been Created during the Recovery? Speech by President William C. Dudley to the Regional Economic Press Briefing, New York, NY. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, May 21, 2014. http://www.newyorkfed.org/newsevents/speeches/2014/dud140521.html

Labor Market Conditions: Good or Not So Good? Kliesen, Kevin. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 15, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/05/labor-market-conditions-good-or-not-so-good/

Education Joins the Ranks of Top Concerns Facing Communities. Klesta, Matthew. Issues & Insights. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 9, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/community_development/publications/issues_insights/2014/

How the Construction Sector Has Factored into Slow Employment Recovery from the Recession. Thornton, Daniel. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 8, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/how-the-construction-sector-has-factored-into-slow-employment-recovery-from-the-recession/

Employment Revision Asymmetries. Owyang, Michael T., and E. Katarina Vermann. Economic Synopses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 2, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10108

What Makes Working Cities Work? Key Factors in Urban Growth. Bluestone, Barry. Community Development Issue Brief 3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, May 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/issue-briefs/2014/cdbrief32014.pdf

Signs of Improving Labor Market Conditions. Kliesen, Kevin L. Economic Synopses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 1, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10106

The New Geography of Jobs (Economics in Person). Moretti, Enrico. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 30, 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OPhy2Pa3ByQ

Employment Is Back? It Depends. Wiczer, David. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 8, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/employment-is-back-it-depends/

Which Estimates of Metropolitan-Area Jobs Growth Should We Trust? Elvery, Joel, and Christopher Vecchio. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 1, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2014/2014-05.cfm

The 2009 Recovery Act: Directly Created and Saved Jobs Were Primarily in Government. Dupor, William. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review Vol. 92. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Second Quarter 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/article/10140

What the Federal Reserve Is Doing to Promote a Stronger Job Market. Speech by Chair Janet L. Yellen to the 2014 National Interagency Community Reinvestment Conference, Chicago, IL. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, March 31, 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/speech/yellen20140331a.htm

Government Employment in the US. Zimmermann, Christian. The FRED® Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 27, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/03/government-employment-in-the-us/

Half Empty or Half Full? Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 20, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/03/half-empty-or-half-full.html

The 12th District Community Indicators Project. Vantage Point. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 4, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/publications/vantage-point/2014/march/2013-community-indicators-survey/

The Future of the Clean (Green) Economy. Fairchild, Denise G. Community Development Investment Review Vol. 10, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/cdir_vol10issue1-The-Future-of-the-Clean-Green-Economy.pdf

Understanding the True Benefits of Both Energy Efficiency and Job Creation. Bell, Casey J. Community Development Investment Review Vol. 10, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/cdir_vol10issue1-Understanding-the-True-Benefits-of-Energy-Efficiency-and-Job-Creation.pdf

We've Met the Solution, and It Is Us. Fogle, Brian. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=2524

The Pattern of Job Creation and Destruction by Firm Age and Size. Robertson, John, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 26, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/02/the-pattern-of-job-creation-and-destruction-by-firm-age-and-size.html?d=1&s=hcc

State Hiring Credits and Recent Job Growth. Neumark, David, and Diego Grijalva. FRBSF Economic Letter Vol. 2014-05. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 24, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2014/february/job-growth-state-hiring-credits-employment/

Stop, Look, and Listen. Gafford, Teri. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 19, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/02/stop-look-and-listen.html?d=1&s=hcc

Temp Jobs on the Rise in Ninth District. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 3, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/01/temp-jobs-on-the-rise-in-ninth-district.html

Average Annual Percent Change in Temporary Help Services Employment, 2009-2013. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5261

Ninth District Employment Services Sector: Not a Temporary Blip. Wirtz, Ronald A. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5257

OECD Chicago Economy Conference. Engel, Emily, and Susan Longworth. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, December 6, 2013. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2013/12/oecd_conference.html

Persistent Differences. Rappaport, Jordan. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Winter 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/winter2013/issue.pdf

Trade Reforms, Foreign Competition, and Labor Market Adjustments in the U.S. Kondo, Illenin O. International Finance Discussion Paper 1095. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2013/1095/ifdp1095.pdf

High-Growth Firms in Georgia. Choi, Taelim, John C. Robertson, and Anil Rupasingha. Working Paper 2013-20. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1320.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Trade Reforms, Foreign Competition, and Labor Market Adjustments in the U.S. Kondo, Illenin O. International Finance Discussion Paper 1095. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2013/1095/ifdp1095.pdf

Creating Jobs Via the 2009 Recovery Act: State Medicaid Grants Compared to Broadly-Directed Spending. Dupor, Bill. Working Paper 2013-035A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, November 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2013/2013-035.pdf

Long Island's Economy Back on Track after Sandy. Bram, Jason, and Rachel Keller. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, October 21, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/10/long-islands-economy-back-on-track-after-sandy.html

The Impact of Policy Uncertainty on U.S. Employment: Industry Evidence. Wang, J. Christina. Public Policy Brief 13-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, October 16, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/ppb/2013/ppb133.pdf

Why No Taper? One Man's View. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 3, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/10/why-no-taper-one-mans-view.html?d=1&s=hcc

Alabama Economy Improving. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 1, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/10/alabama-economy-improving.html?d=1&s=hcc

STEM and Healthcare Employment Trends in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and West Virginia. Whitaker, Stephan, and Chris Vecchio. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 24, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/1013/01regeco.cfm

The Dynamics of Economic Dynamism. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 23, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/09/the-dynamics-of-economic-dynamism.html?d=1&s=hcc

Regional Employment: Private-Sector Services Carry the Load. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 17, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/09/regional-employment-private-sector-services-carry-the-load.html?d=1&s=hcc

Job Reallocation over Time: Decomposing the Decline. Curtis, Mark. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 13, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/09/job-reallocation-over-time-decomposing-the-decline.html?d=1&s=hcc

Equity-Driven Expansion: A Unique Model for Economic Development. Economic Development podcast series, Victor Rubin, Sarah Treuhaft, and Louise Anderson. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130926_rubin_treuhaft.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Employment Rebound Gains Momentum in Florida and Georgia. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 22, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/08/employment-rebound-gains-momentum-in-florida-and-georgia.html?d=1&s=hcc

Cleveland Rocks! Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 15, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/08/cleveland-rocks.html?d=1&s=hcc

Differences in Employment Growth across Metropolitan Areas. Aliprantis, Dionissi, and Nelson Oliver. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, August 14, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0813/01labmar.cfm

Myth and Reality: The Low-Wage Job Machine. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 9, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/08/myth-and-reality-the-low-wage-job-machine.html?d=1&s=hcc

Water, Water Everywhere: An Update on the Georgia Economy. Graefe, Laurel. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 5, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/08/water-water-everywhere.html?d=1&s=hcc

City Employment: Help Wanted, Maybe. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 24, 2013. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2013/07/city-employment-help-wanted-maybe.html

Activity at Professional Service Firms up; Expected to Continue. Madden, Toby. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5123

Bakken Activity: How Wide Is the Ripple Effect? Batbold, Dulguun, and Rob Grunewald. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5098

States Are Recovering Lost Jobs at Surprisingly Similar Rates. Bram, Jason, and James Orr. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 26, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/06/states-are-recovering-lost-jobs-at-surprisingly-similar-rates.html

Healthy Jobs Checkup: Minnesota Closing Job Gap with Wisconsin. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 26, 2013. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2013/06/healthy-jobs-checkup-minnesota-economy-closing-the-gap-with-wisconsin.html

Not So Fast: Sixth District Payroll Growth Takes a Breather in May. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 25, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/06/not-so-fast-sixth-district-payroll-growth-takes-a-breather-in-may.html?d=1&s=hcc

Rebuild and Reshape. Psilos, Gail. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 20, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/06/rebuild-and-reshape.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Hiring Forecasts of Small Firms: Will the Pace of Employment Growth Pick Up? Terry, Ellyn. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 7, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/06/hiring-forecasts-of-small-firms-will-pace-of-employment-growth-pick-up.html?d=1&s=hcc

What Constitutes Substantial Employment Gains in Today's Labor Market? Schweitzer, Mark E., and Murat Tasci. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 7, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2013/2013-07.cfm

In the Neighborhood: Where Economic and Community Development Meet. Economic Development podcast series, Rick Sauer and Lynn Martin Haskin with Jacqueline King. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130624_sauer_haskin.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

A New Initiative for Massachusetts Smaller Cities. Chakrabarti, Prabal. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Summer 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/summer/a-new-initiative-for-massachusetts-smaller-cities.htm

Barons' Help Brightens Birmingham. Remy, Susan. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 31, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/05/barons-help-brightens-birmingham.html?=1&s=hcc

Regional Job Growth Helps Ward off Another Spring Swoon. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 24, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/05/regional-job-growth-helps-ward-off-another-spring-swoon.html?d=1&s=hcc

A Subtle View of Labor Market Improvement. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 23, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/05/a-subtle-view-of-labor-market-improvement.html?d=1&s=hcc

Higher Sales Activity, Need for Specialized Staff Have Ninth District Businesses Looking to Hire. Madden, Toby. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 22, 2013. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2013/05/higher-sales-activity-need-for-specialized-staff-have-businesses-looking-to-hire.html

The Regional Housing Recovery: Where Are the Jobs? Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 15, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/05/the-regional-housing-recovery-where-are-the-jobs.html?d=1&s=hcc

Building a Better Jobs Calculator: Choose Your Own Payroll/Household Employment Ratio. Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 3, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/05/building-a-better-jobs-calculator.html?d=1&s=hcc

Employment Growth Slows in Ohio. Venkatu, Guhan. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 3, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0513/01regeco.cfm

Regional Employment Grew in March, Led by Florida and Georgia. Desai, Neil. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 23, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/04/regional-employment-grew-in-march.html?d=1&s=hcc

Job Growth and Economic Growth in California. Neumark, David, and Jennifer Muz. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-11. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 15, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2013/april/job-economic-growth-california/

Regional Manufacturing Remains Positive in March (and in the Longer-Term View) Pitts, Amy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 15, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/04/regional-manufacturing-remains-positive-in-march.html?d=1&s=hcc

Federal Budget Cuts Are Number-One Worry. Nelson, Lisa. Issues & Insights. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 9, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/Community_Development/publications/issues_insights/2013_Spring/index.cfm?DCS.nav=Local

Government Spending and Employment in Recoveries. Carroll, Daniel, and Samuel Chapman. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 9, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0413/01gropro.cfm

Regional Employment Increases. Desai, Neil. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 3, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/04/regional-employment-increases.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Labor Market, Monetary Policy, and Risks to the Economic Outlook. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Kiwanis Club of Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 2, 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/130402_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Low Interest Rates Have Yet to Spur Job Growth. Gavin, William T. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2360

Uncertainty and the Economy. Kliesen, Kevin L. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2366

Green Jobs: Not a Black and White Issue. Romero, Jessie. Econ Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/econ_focus/2013/q2/pdf/feature3.pdf

The Same-Old, Same-Old Labor Market. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 28, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/03/the-same-old-same-old-labor-market.html?d=1&s=hcc

Better Than It Seemed. Chriszt, Michael. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 27, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/03/better-than-it-seemed.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Prospect of Higher Taxes and Weak Job Growth during the Recovery from the Great Recession: Macro versus Micro Frisch Elasticities. Zarazaga, Carlos. Working Paper 1302. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, March 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2013/wp1302.pdf

State Unemployment and the Allocation of Federal Stimulus Spending. Orr, James, and John Sporn. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 27, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/02/state-unemployment-and-the-allocation-of-federal-stimulus-spending.html

Modest Growth Expected for Tennessee. Chriszt, Michael. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 22, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/02/modest-growth-expected-for-tennessee.html?d=1&s=hcc

Promoting Job Creation: Don't Forget the Old Guys. Altig, Dave, and John Robertson. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 15, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/02/promoting-job-creation-dont-forget-the-old-guys.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Challenges of Growth and Employment. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Instituto de Impresas, Madrid, Spain. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 12, 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/130212_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Aggregate Demand and State-Level Employment. Mian, Atif, and Amir Sufi. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-04. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 11, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2013/el2013-04.html

The State of the U.S. Labor Market Recovery. Tasci, Murat, and Christopher Vecchio. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 7, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0213/01labmar.cfm

2013 Business Hiring Plans: Employment, Effort, Hours, and Fiscal Uncertainty. Robertson, John, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 5, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/02/2013-business-hiring-plans-employment-effort-hours-and-fiscal-uncertainty.html?d=1&s=hcc

Survey Highlights Regional Employment Trends. Patel, Shalini. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 30, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/01/survey-highlights-regional-employment-trends.html?d=1&s=hcc

Visualizing Improvement. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 10, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/01/visualizing-improvement.html?d=1&s=hcc

Local Governments Go to the Barbershop. Wirtz, Ronald A. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5043

The Low- and Moderate-Income Population in Recession and Recovery: Results from a New Survey. Edmiston, Kelly D. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, First Quarter 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/13q1Edmiston.pdf

Regional Resilience. Lin, Jeffrey. Working Paper 13-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, December 17, 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2013/wp13-1.pdf

Training for Jobs in the Emerging Energy-Efficiency Industry. Rolland, Keith L. Cascade 79. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Winter 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/79/04_training-for-jobs-in-energy-efficiency-industry.cfm

Economic Development in Rural Wisconsin: Developing a 21st Century Response to Compete in Today's Global Marketplace. Kuehl, Steven. Profitwise News and Views. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, November 2012. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/profitwise_news_and_views/2012/PNV_Nov2012_SpotL_FINAL_web.pdf

Labor Market Trends in Massachusetts Regions. Various authors. New England Public Policy Center. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, November 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/labor-market-trends-in-massachusetts-regions/

Generating Jobs in Challenging Times: A Texas-Sized Story. Economic Development podcast series, Craig Richard with Elizabeth Sobel Blum. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/120828_richard.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Job Creation Policies and the Great Recession. Neumark, David. FRBSF Economic Letter 2012-08. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 19, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2012/el2012-08.html

How Many Jobs Does It Take? Introducing the Atlanta Fed's Jobs Calculator. Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/03/how-many-jobs-does-it-take.html?d=1&s=hcc

Can the Jobs Gap Be Filled through Temporary Public-sector Positions? Economic Development podcast series, Phillip Harvey with Keith Rolland. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/120321_harvey.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Job Creation by Small and Large Firms over the Business Cycle. Tasci, Murat, and Emily Burgen. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 6, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0212/01labmar.cfm

Tax Relief? An Innovative Proposal to Nurture New Entrepreneurs. Economic Development podcast series, Bob Friedman with John Olson. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/120217_friedman.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Retrofitting Institutions: Feeding Job Growth with Energy Hogs. Economic Development podcast series, Satya Rhodes-Conway and James Irwin with Jere Boyle. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/120124_irwin.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Trash to Treasure: Turning Waste into Jobs. Economic Development podcast series, Nancey Green Leigh with Emily Mitchell. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/120124_leigh.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

In Search of an Agenda for Job Creation. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 21, 2011. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2011/12/in-search-of-an-agenda-for-job-creation.html?d=1&s=hcc

Regional Innovation: When the Sum Is Greater than the Parts. Economic Development podcast series, John Fernandez with Kauser Hamdani. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/111219_fernandez.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Texas: What Makes Us Exceptional? Where Are We Vulnerable? Speech by President Richard W. Fisher to the Texas Economic Development Council Annual Conference, Dallas, TX. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, October 6, 2011. http://www.dallasfed.org/news/speeches/fisher/2011/fs111006.cfm

Start-ups, Job Creation, and Financing. Lockhart, Dennis. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Fourth Quarter 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/11q4_fed_at_issue.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Harvest Initiative and Hunkpati Investments: Stirring up Economic Development on the Crow Creek Reservation. Gerber, Sandy. Community Dividend. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 2011. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4744

Giving Credit Where It Is Due: CDFIs in LMI Communities. Economic Development podcast series, Donna Gambrell with Joseph Firschein. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/110810_Gambrell_a.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Should CDFIs Join Your Job-Creation Team? Economic Development podcast series, Donna Gambrell with Joseph Firschein. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/110810_Gambrell_b.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Why Aren't We Creating More Jobs? Romero, Jessie. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Third Quarter 2011. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2011/q3/pdf/cover_story.pdf

View from the Top: New Perspectives on Familiar Concepts in Economic Development. Economic Development podcast series, Jeff Finkle with Heidi Kaplan. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/110629_Finkle.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

New Economy, New Roles: Economic Development Organizations and Jobs. Economic Development podcast series, Denny Coleman with Daniel Davis. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/110518_Coleman.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Small Things Really Matter: The Important Role of Microenterprise in Job Creation. Economic Development podcast series, Connie Evans with Alicia Williams. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/110425_Evans.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

On the Rebound: How Resurgent Cities Generate Jobs and Investment. Economic Development podcast series, Yolanda Kodrzycki with Todd Greene. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/10nov02_Kodrzycki.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Are Economic Development Incentives Doing Their JOBZ? Mahon, Joe. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/fedgaz/10-10/fedgazette_oct10_jobz.pdf

Three in One: Growing Jobs, Developing a Workforce, and Stabilizing Neighborhoods. Economic Development podcast series, Tony Cipollone with Odetta MacLeish-White. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/10sept22_cipollone.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Sizing Up Job Creation. Davies, Phil. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, September 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/region/10-09/jobs.pdf

Counting on Quality Jobs: Transforming the Economic Development Landscape. Economic Development podcast series, Shari Garmise with Todd Greene. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/10Aug4_garmise.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Revitalizing Urban Industrial Sectors: A Roadmap for Diversifying the Economic Base. Economic Development podcast series, Nancey Green Leigh with Todd Greene. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/10Jul14_green.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Recovery: Job Rich or Job Poor? Robertson, John, and Pedro Silos. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 3, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/06/the-recovery-job-rich-or-job-poor.html?d=1&s=hcc

Unaffordable Housing and Local Employment Growth. Chakrabarti, Ritashree, and Junfu Zhang. New England Public Policy Center Working Paper 10-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, March 2010. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/wp/2010/neppcwp103.pdf

Tennessee: Focus Is on "Green" Jobs, Fast Track Service. Moore Cowan, Kathy. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1954

Partnership Creates Pipeline to Jobs for Louisville Residents. Weekly, Faith. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1956

Jobs in Springfield, Massachusetts: Understanding and Remedying the Causes of Low Resident Employment Rates. Kodrzycki, Yolanda K., Ana Patricia Muñoz, Lynn Browne, DeAnna Green, Marques Benton, Prabal Chakrabarti, Richard Walker, and Bo Zhao. Public Policy Discussion Paper 09-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, February 8, 2010. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/ppdp/2009/ppdp0911.pdf

Closing the Deal: Effective Incentives during Fiscal Challenges. Economic Development podcast series, Reagan Farr with Todd Greene. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/13Jan09_farr.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Establishment-Level Behavior of Vacancies and Hiring. Davis, Steven J., R. Jason Faberman, and John C. Haltiwanger. Working Paper 09-14. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, July 20, 2009. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2009/wp09-14.pdf

Tax Credits for Job Creation and Retention: What Can We Learn from the States? Wilson, Daniel J., and Charles Notzon. FRBSF Economic Letter 2009-08. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 20, 2009. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2009/el2009-08.html

Workforce development

Insight Park: Visioning for the Future of Oxford and Ole Miss. Wilson, Teresa Cheeks. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Winter 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=2490

Bringing Wealth Creation Closer to Low-Income Communities. Rose, Fred. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Winter 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2014/winter/bringing-wealth-creation-closer-to-low-income-communities.htm

Investing in People as an Economic Growth Strategy. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the Lynchburg College School of Business and Economics, Lynchburg, VA. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 26, 2014. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2014/lacker_speech_20140626.cfm

Seventh District R&D: Manufacturing the Leader. Testa, Bill. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, June 23, 2014. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2014/06/rd_mfg_blog.html

Industrial Cities Initiative Profiled in New Report. Engel, Emily, and Jere Boyle. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, June 13, 2014. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2014/06/industrial_citi_1.html

Successfully Revitalize Communities through a Cross-Sector Approach. Erickson, David. Community Development Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, June 5, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/blog/community-revitalization-cross-sector-poverty-suburbs/

Connecting Education and Industry through Career Pathways. Shepelwich, Steve. Community Connections. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, June 2014. http://www.kc.frb.org/publications/community/connections/article.cfm?pubID=1403625532861&issueID=1403636176982&publicationID=1380039527762

Best Practices in Workforce Development. Mitchell, Emily. Partners Update. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May/June 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/partnersupdate/14no3_best_practices_workforce_dev.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Reinventing Older Communities: Bridging Growth & Opportunities. Speech by President Charles I. Plosser to the 2014 Reinventing Older Communities Biennial Conference, Philadelphia, PA. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, May 12, 2014. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/publications/speeches/plosser/2014/05-12-14-roc.cfm

STEM: A Growth Industry. Batbold, Dulguun. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 8, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/05/stem-a-growth-industry-1.html

Measuring What Matters: Tracking Success in Economic Development. Economic Development podcast series, Tim Chase and Swati Ghosh with Janet Miller. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/140527_chase_ghosh.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Capital Goods Trade and Economic Development. Mutreja, Piyusha, B. Ravikumar, and Michael Sposi. Working Paper 2014-012A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2014/2014-012.pdf

What Makes Working Cities Work? Key Factors in Urban Economic Growth. Bluestone, Barry. Community Development Issue Brief 3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, May 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/issue-briefs/2014/cdbrief32014.pdf

Expanding the Scope of Workforce Development. Athreya, Kartik B., Urvi Neelakantan, and Jessie Romero. Economic Brief 14-05. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2014. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2014/eb_14-05.cfm

Economic Gardening: A Homegrown Approach to Growth. Economic Development podcast series, Dell Gines and Todd Johnson with Julie Gunter. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/140428_gines_johnson.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Fed Chair Yellen: Fed Will Continue to Support Labor Market. Partners Update. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March/April 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/partnersupdate/14no2_yellen_speech.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

What the Federal Reserve Is Doing to Promote a Stronger Job Market. Speech by Chair Janet L. Yellen to the 2014 National Interagency Community Reinvestment Conference, Chicago, IL. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, March 31, 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/speech/yellen20140331a.htm

The 12th District Community Indicators Project. Vantage Point. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 4, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/publications/vantage-point/2014/march/2013-community-indicators-survey/

West Tennessee Day Trippin': Rural Tourism Campaign Builds Regional Partnerships for Community and Economic Development. Johnson, Maggie, and Gina M. Tynan. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=2525

Assisting the Unemployed: The Influence of Extended Benefits on the Recovery. Wright, Kevin. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Spring 2014. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/spring2014/Assiting_the_Unemployed.pdf

Evolution of the Ecosystem: State Workforce Development Agencies. Economic Development podcast series, Burt Barnow and Rich Hobbie with Kathy Moore Cowan. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/14031_barnow_hobbie.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Workforce Development Challenges in Ohio. Petrus, Mary H. Special Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 10, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/community_development/publications/special_reports/201402_wd/index.cfm

Help for Difficult to Employ Populations: Colocating Jobs and Training Opportunities. Economic Development podcast series, Carla Javits and Jason Trimiew with John Moon. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/140224_javits_trimiew.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Investing in Quality Jobs and Quality Care. Shepelwich, Steven. Community Connections. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, February 2014. http://www.kc.frb.org/publications/community/connections/article.cfm?pubID=1392820326906&issueID=1392818963163&publicationID=1380039527762

LMI Survey Gets Specific to Gain Insights. Edmiston, Kelly. Community Connections. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, February 2014. http://www.kc.frb.org/publications/community/connections/article.cfm?pubID=1392829674200&issueID=1392818963163&publicationID=1380039527762

Human Capital and Unemployment Dynamics: Why More Educated Workers Enjoy Greater Employment Stability. Cairo, Isabel, and Tomaz Cajner. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-09. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, November 1, 2013. Revised February 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2014/201409/201409pap.pdf

Understanding the Motives and Constraints that Lead People to Risky Occupations. Michaud, Amanda M., and David G. Wiczer. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2465

OECD Chicago Economy Conference. Engel, Emily, and Susan Longworth. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, December 6, 2013. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2013/12/oecd_conference.html

Contractor Incubator Is a Catalyst for Change. Wenske, Paul. Community Connections. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, December 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publications/community/connections/article.cfm?pubID=1382382785528&issueID=1382653626547&publicationID=1380039527762

The Employability of Returning Citizens Is Key to Neighborhood Revitalization. Ergungor, O. Emre, and Nelson Oliver. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, November 19, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2013/2013-17.cfm

Starting Early in Workforce Development. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the Charlotte Branch Conference Center, Charlotte, NC. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, November 5, 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2013/lacker_speech_20131105.cfm

What Workers Really Think: Perspectives from the Front Lines. Economic Development podcast series, Carl Van Horn with Paul Krutko. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/131028_van_horn.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Urban Crime: Deterrence and Local Economic Conditions. Pinto, Santiago. Econ Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Fourth Quarter 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/econ_focus/2013/q4/pdf/district_digest_article.pdf

Children and Cities Redux. Sander, William, and William A. Testa. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, September 3, 2013. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2013/09/children_and_ci.html

Equity-Driven Expansion: A Unique Model for Economic Development. Economic Development podcast series, Victor Rubin, Sarah Treuhaft, and Louise Anderson. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130926_rubin_treuhaft.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Talent, Labor Quality, and Economic Development. Cubas, German, B. Ravikumar, and Gustavo Ventura. Working Paper 2013-027A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, September 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2013/2013-027.pdf

Reemploying Displaced Workers: Lessons from North Carolina. McKay, Shannon. Community Scope Vol. 3, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, August 9, 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/community_development/community_scope/2013/pdf/vol03_issue01_full_issue.pdf

Aligning Regional Workforce Efforts: An Effective Industry-Informed Strategy. Economic Development podcast series, Laura Chandler, Sam Covert, and Tony Davis. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130726_covert_chandler.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Louisville Successfully Transitions from Industrial to Service Economy. Gascon, Charles S., and Sean P. Grover. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2393

State Incentives for Innovation, Star Scientists and Jobs: Evidence from Biotech. Moretti, Enrico, and Daniel J. Wilson. Working Paper 2013-17. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, July 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2013-17.pdf

Urban Areas Host the Largest Manufacturing and Service Employers. Hernández-Murillo, Rubén, and Elise Marifian. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2392

The Future of Workforce Development: Building Education and Industry Partnerships. Conference. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, June 12, 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/events/eventDetail.cfm?event=7BCAD80C6959355E3E74501F0C62CA20

From Graduation Caps to Hard Hats: Ranken Technical College Students Learn Hands-On Workforce Skills While Building Stronger Communities. Marra, Jeanne C. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Summer 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=2399

In the Neighborhood: Where Economic and Community Development Meet. Economic Development podcast series, Rick Sauer and Lynn Martin Haskin with Jacqueline King. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130624_sauer_haskin.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

People-Centered Practices: Improving the Workforce Potential for Those with Disabilities. Economic Development podcast series, Kathy Krepcio and Michael Morris with Prabal Chakrabarti. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130528_morris_krepcio.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Resilience and Rebuilding for Low-Income Communities. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Community Development Research Conference, Washington, DC. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 12, 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/130412_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Green Jobs: Not a Black and White Issue. Romero, Jessie. Econ Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/econ_focus/2013/q2/pdf/feature3.pdf

Industrialization and the Workforce. Price, David A. Econ Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/econ_focus/2013/q2/pdf/research_spotlight.pdf

Employer and Lower-Wage Employee Perspectives on Training Advancements. Economic Development podcast series, Jenny Benz and Mark Popovich with Steve Sheplelwich. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130429_benz_popovich.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Educational Attainment and Demographic Differences in Employment. Aliprantis, Dionissi, and Nelson Oliver. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 18, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0313/01houcon.cfm

A Case for Greater Company Participation in Workforce Development. Economic Development podcast series, Peter Cappelli with Scott Turner. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130225_cappelli.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The 12th District Community Indicators Project. Vantage Point. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/vantage-point-january-2013.pdf

On the Record: Hispanic Workforce Faces Smaller but Persistent Education, Wage Gaps. Mora, Marie T. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, First Quarter 2013. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2013/swe1301d.pdf

Human Service Organizations "Tread Water" in Face of Funding Uncertainty. Wascalus, Jacob. Community Dividend. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 1, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5032

The National Fund for Workforce Solutions: The Impact and Challenges of Its Workforce Partnership Model. Dedrick, Fred. Cascade 79. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Winter 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/79/01_national-fund-for-workforce-solutions-impacts-and-challenges.cfm

Getting School and Workforce Systems to Work Together. Sainz, Robert. Cascade 79. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, December 31, 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/79/07_getting-school-and-workforce-systems-to-work-together.cfm

Why Connecting Economic and Workforce Development Matters. Economic Development podcast series, Christopher King with Alfreda Norman. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/121214_king.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Training for Jobs in the Emerging Energy-Efficiency Industry. Rolland, Keith L. Cascade 79. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Winter 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/79/04_training-for-jobs-in-energy-efficiency-industry.cfm

A Perspective from Main Street: Long-Term Unemployment and Workforce Development. White paper. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 2012. Revised January 31, 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/communitydev/pdfs/Workforce_errata_final2.pdf

Labor Market Trends in Massachusetts Regions. Various authors. New England Public Policy Center. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, November 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/labor-market-trends-in-massachusetts-regions/

Economic Development in Rural Wisconsin: Developing a 21st Century Response to Compete in Today's Global Marketplace. Kuehl, Steven. Profitwise News and Views. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, November 2012. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/profitwise_news_and_views/2012/PNV_Nov2012_SpotL_FINAL_web.pdf

Collaborative Efforts: Colleges and Nonprofits Partner to Enhance Workers' Skills. Economic Development podcast series, Maureen Conway with Anna Alvarez Boyd. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/121114_conway.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Metrics for Success: Critical Elements for Workforce Development Programs. Economic Development podcast series, Elizabeth Weigensberg with Jen Giovannitti. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/121114_weigensberg.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Workforce Development. Video Interview with President Dennis P. Lockhart. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/multimedia/120920_lockhart_workforce_development.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Unemployment and Workforce Development in San Antonio, Texas. Podcasts with various participants. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, September 25, 2012. http://www.dallasfed.org/cd/pubs/workforce.cfm?tab=4

Strengthening New England's Smaller Cities. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the Community Development Advisory Council's 2012 Regional Convening, Lawrence, MA. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, September 24, 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2012/092412/

The Future of Workforce Development. Speech by President Dennis P. Lockhart to the Workforce Development Conference, Kansas City, MO. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 20, 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/120920_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Moving Skills from Low to High. Acero, Jorge A. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Fall 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2012/fall/moving-skills-from-low-to-high.htm

Taking the Pulse of Regional Low-Wage Workers. Quispe-Agnoli, Myriam, and Karen Leone de Nie. Partners Update. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July/August 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/partnersupdate/12no4_labor_force.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Spanning the Spectrum of Native Workforce Development. Wascalus, Jacob. Community Dividend. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4901

From Textiles to Turnaround: A Tale of Two Cities. Economic Development podcast series, Kim Zeuli with Ela Rausch. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/120718_zeuli.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Community Development by the Numbers. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland 2012 Policy Summit, Cleveland, OH. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 28, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2012/Pianalto_20120628.cfm

The Widening Academic Achievement Gap between the Rich and the Poor. Reardon, Sean. Community Investments Vol. 24, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Summer 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/community/investments/1202/community-investments-The-Widening-Academic-Achievement-Gap-between-the-Rich-and-the-Poor.cfm

Community Development and Education: A Shared Future. Choi, Laura. Community Investments Vol. 24, 2. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Summer 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/community/investments/1202/community-investments-Community-Development-and-Education-A-Shared-Future.cfm

Power in Partnerships: Addressing Workforce Development Challenges. Economic Development podcast series, Damian Thorman with Tammy Edwards. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/120531_thorman.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Nonprofit Focuses on Employment Training and Business and Community Development. Rolland, Keith L. Cascade 80. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Spring/Summer 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/80/01_nonprofit-focuses-on-employment-training-business-community-development.cfm

Observations on Employment and Training at Impact Services. MacDonald, John. Cascade 80. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Spring/Summer 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/80/01a_observations-on-employment-and-training-at-impact-services.cfm

Resilient Communities in a Resilient Economy. Speech by President Charles I. Plosser to the Reinventing Older Communities: Building Resilient Cities conference, Philadelphia, PA. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, May 9, 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/publications/speeches/plosser/2012/05-09-12_reinventing-older-communities.pdf

Technology, Unemployment and Workforce Development in a Rapidly Changing World. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the business and community leaders, Greensboro, NC. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 7, 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2012/pdf/lacker_speech_20120507.pdf

Creating Value in Distressed Neighborhoods. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the Neighborhood Housing Services of Greater Cleveland, Cleveland, OH. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 10, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2012/Pianalto_20120210.cfm

Everything Must Change: Rethinking Workforce Development. Greene, Todd. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/partnersupdate/12no2_greene_workforce_development.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Energizing Native Economies: Tribes Build Corporate Governance to Spur Investment and Development. Woessner, Paula. Community Dividend. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4804

Everything Must Change: Rethinking Workforce Development. Greene, Todd. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/12q1_fed_at_issue.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Recent Trends in Neighborhood Poverty. Aliprantis, Dionissi, and Nelson Oliver. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, November 29, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2011/1211/01houcon.cfm

Black-White Differences in Intergenerational Economic Mobility in the US. Mazumder, Bhash. Working Paper 2011-10. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, November 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2011/wp_10.cfm

Workforce 2020: Uniting Business and Education in Rochester, Minnesota. Tefera, Wudase. Community Dividend. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 2011. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4748

Community-Based Rural Redevelopment through Simple, Local Actions: Been Down so Long It Looks Like Up to Me. Steele, Joanne. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Fall 2011. http://stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=2175

Workforce Development Partnership Serves Both Employers and Employees. Feldman, Cheryl. Cascade 78. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Fall 2011. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/78/01_workforce-development-partnership-serves-employers-employees.cfm

A Federal Perspective on Workforce Development Issues. Oates, Jane. Cascade 78. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Fall 2011. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/78/03_federal-perspective-on-workforce-development-issues.cfm#public-workforce-system

Measuring the Impact of Community Development: A Conversation with Paul Mattessich of Wilder Research. Rausch, Ela. Community Dividend. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2011. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4673

View from the Top: New Perspectives on Familiar Concepts in Economic Development. Economic Development podcast series, Jeff Finkle with Heidi Kaplan. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/110629_Finkle.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Explaining Growth. Clement, Douglas. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, September 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/region/10-09/rdgrowth.pdf

Getting to Work: Community and Vocational Colleges Explore New Paradigms for Workforce Development. Economic Development podcast series, Rolando Montoya with Todd Greene. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/10sept08_montoya.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Counting on Quality Jobs: Transforming the Economic Development Landscape. Economic Development podcast series, Shari Garmise with Todd Greene. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/10Aug4_garmise.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Jobs That Matter Most: Driving Economic Growth in New Orleans's Post Katrina Economy. Economic Development podcast series, Allison Plyer with Nancy Montoya. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/10Aug25_plyer.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Economics of Income Inequality: Economic Growth and Incentives. Research Insights podcast series, Steven E. Landsburg. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/researchinsights/10Aug_landsburg.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Partnership Creates Pipeline to Jobs for Louisville Residents. Weekly, Faith. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1956

When It Comes to Workforce, States Matter. Pack, Andrew A. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1961

Arkansas: An Integrated Workforce Development Strategy. Haralson, Lyn E. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1950

Career Readiness Certificate Measures Essential Skills. Haralson, Lyn E. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1952

Accelerated Job Training Seen as Key to Missouri's Recovery. Wolfington, Eileen. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1951

Illinois: A Holistic Approach to Workforce Development. Morrisseau-Kuni, Jean B. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1959

Learning to Grow: Training Opportunities and Building Capacity. Morrisseau-Kuni, Jean B. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1981

Unaffordable Housing and Local Employment Growth. Chakrabarti, Ritashree, and Junfu Zhang. New England Public Policy Center Working Paper 10-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, March 2010. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/wp/2010/neppcwp103.pdf

Gearing Up for Green Jobs: What Can We Expect? Youtie, Jan. Partners in Community and Economic Development Vol. 19, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 3, 2009. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/partners/v19n12009_green_jobs.cfm

Getting to the Bottom of Texas' Latino Pay Gap. Orrenius, Pia, Madeline Zavodny, and Emily Kerr. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Fourth Quarter 2009. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2009/swe0904b.pdf

Retraining Displaced U.S. Workers. Engemann, Kristie M. Liber8 Economic Information Newsletter. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, September 2009. http://research.stlouisfed.org/pageone-economics/uploads/newsletter/2009/200909.pdf

Credit and Self-Employment. Akyol, Ahmet, and Kartik Athreya. Working Paper 09-05. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, April 8, 2009. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2009/pdf/wp09-5.pdf

Strategies for Improving Economic Mobility of Workers: A Conference Report. Toussaint-Comeau, Maude. Profitwise News and Views. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, September 2008. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/profitwise_news_and_views/2008/pnv_september2008.cfm

Insurance and Wealth Building among Lower-Income Households. Coussens, Michelle, and Robin Newberger. Chicago Fed Letter 251. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, June 2008. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2008/june_251.cfm

Economic Development Trends. EconSouth Now podcast series, Todd Greene. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 2008. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/econsouthnow/08apr_econ_development_trends.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Neighborhoods That Don't Work. Rodean, Allison K., and Christopher H. Wheeler. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 2008. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/pub_assets/pdf/re/2008/b/neighborhoods.pdf

Southern States Ply the Art of the Deal. Davidson, Charles. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2008. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/econsouth/econsouth_vol_10_no_1_southern_states_plyart_ofdeal.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Labor Markets

Immigration

Global and Local Reach: Gauging the Impact of Immigration. Economic Development podcast series, Denny Coleman and Michael Iacovazzi-Pau with Lena Robinson. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/140127_coleman_iacovazzi.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Immigrants as a Potential Source of Growth for New England's Highly Skilled Workforce. Watson, Tara. New England Public Policy Center Policy Brief 13-5. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2013/briefs135.pdf

Gone to Texas: Immigration and the Transformation of the Texas Economy. Orrenius, Pia M., Madeline Zavodny, and Melissa LoPalo. Special Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, November 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/pubs/gonetx.pdf

Does Foreign Labor Hurt U.S.-Born Workers? Davies, Phil. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 17, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5189

Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Market. Orrenius, Pia M., and Madeline Zavodny. Working Paper 1306. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, September 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2013/wp1306.pdf

Promoting Economic Prosperity by Welcoming Immigrants. Steinhardt, Rachel. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Summer 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/summer/promoting-economic-prosperity-by-welcoming-immigrants.htm

Food for Thought. Gafford, Teri. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 8, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/05/food-for-thought.html?d=1&s=hcc

Latino Dairy Workers in Vermont. Baker, Daniel. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/spring/latino-dairy-workers-in-vermont.htm

On the Record: Hispanic Workforce Faces Smaller but Persistent Education, Wage Gaps. Mora, Marie T. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, First Quarter 2013. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2013/swe1301d.pdf

Out of the Shadows: Worker Pay, Benefits Could Rise with Immigration Law Revamp. Orrenius, Pia, Michael Weiss, and Madeline Zavodny. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, First Quarter 2013. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2013/swe1301f.pdf

10 Things to Know about the Shape of Ohio's Skilled Workforce. Dunne, Timothy, and Guhan Venkatu. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 15, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2012/2012-06.cfm

Georgia Data Quantify Impact of Undocumented Workers: A Conversation. Hotchkiss, Julie. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Second Quarter 2012. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2012/swe1202e.pdf

The Wage Impact of Undocumented Workers. Hotchkiss, Julie L., Myriam Quispe-Agnoli, and Fernando Rios-Avila. Working Paper 2012-4. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/12_04.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Role of Immigrants in the New England Economy. Orrenius, Pia M., and Madeline Zavodny. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2012/spring/role-of-immigrants-in-the-new-england-economy.htm

Does Employing Undocumented Workers Give Firms a Competitive Advantage? Brown, J. David, Julie L. Hotchkiss, and Myriam Quispe-Agnoli. Working Paper 2012-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/12_02.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Immigration at the Extremes of the Skills Distribution. Hernández-Murillo, Rubén, and Christoper J. Martinek. Economic Synopses 31. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 18, 2011. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/11/ES1131.pdf

Polarization, Immigration, Education: What's behind the Dramatic Decline in Youth Employment? Smith, Christopher L. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2011-41. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, October 2011. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2011/201141/201141pap.pdf

Immigrants: Skills, Occupations and Locations. Hernández-Murillo, Rubén, and Christopher J. Martinek. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2011. http://stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2161

Immigrants' Employment Outcomes over the Business Cycle. Orrenius, Pia, and Madeline Zavodny. StaffPAPERS 15. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, September 2011. http://dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/staff/staff1104.pdf

The Effect of Immigrants on U.S. Employment and Productivity. Peri, Giovanni. FRBSF Economic Letter 2010-26. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, August 30, 2010. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2010/el2010-26.html

The Impact of Low-Skilled Immigration on the Youth Labor Market. Smith, Christopher L. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2010-03. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 2009. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2010/201003/201003pap.pdf

Do Immigrants Work in Riskier Jobs? Orrenius, Pia M., and Madeline Zavodny. Working Paper 0901. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, January 2009. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2009/wp0901.pdf

A Portrait of New England's Immigrants. Owens, Antoniya. New England Public Policy Center Research Report 08-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, November 2008. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/researchreports/2008/rr0802.htm

The Labor Market Experience and Impact of Undocumented Workers. Hotchkiss, Julie L., and Myriam Quispe-Agnoli. Working Paper 2008-7c. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 2008. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/working_paper_2008-7c.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Impact of Undocumented Workers. Research Insights podcast series, Julie Hotchkiss. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2008. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/researchinsights/08mar_undocumented_workers.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

How Do E-Verify Mandates Affect Unauthorized Immigrant Workers? Orrenius, Pia M., and Madeline Zavodny. Working Paper 1403. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, 2014. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2014/wp1403.pdf

Labor force flows

Separating Out Job Groups in the Sixth District. Carter, Mark, and Sandra Ghizoni. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 3, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/07/separating-out-job-groups-in-the-sixth-district.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Revolving Door and Worker Flows in Banking Regulation. Lucca, David, Amit Seru, and Francesco Trebbi. Staff Report 678. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 2014. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr678.html

Discouraged Workers: What Do We Know? Ravikumar, B., and Lin Shao. Economic Synopses 6. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 14, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10078

Labor Market Slack and Monetary Policy. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the the Boston Economic Club, Boston, MA. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, February 26, 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2014/022614/index.htm

Not Everyone Who Joins the Ranks of the Employed Was "Unemployed". Canon, Maria E., Marianna Kudlyak, and Marisa Reed. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2474

Introducing the FRBNY Survey of Consumer Expectations: Labor Market Expectations. Armantier, Olivier, Giorgio Topa, Wilbert van der Klaauw, and Basit Zafar. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, December 5, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/12/introducing-the-frbny-survey-of-consumer-expectations-labor-market-expectations.html

Labor Market Polarization and International Macroeconomic Dynamics. Mandelman, Federico S. Working Paper 2013-17. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1317.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

The Cost of Fiscal Policy Uncertainty: Industry Evidence of Its Impact on the Labor Market. Wang, J. Christina. Working Paper 13-22. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2013/wp1322.pdf

What's behind the Increase in Part-Time Work? Valletta, Rob, and Leila Bengali. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-24. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, August 26, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2013/august/part-time-work-employment-increase-recession/

The Dynamics of Labor Market Polarization. Smith, Christopher L. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-57. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, August 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201357/201357pap.pdf

Importing, Exporting and Firm-Level Employment Volatility. Kurz, Christopher, and Mine Z. Senses. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-44. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, July 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201344/201344pap.pdf

The Effect of State and Local Sales Taxes on Employment at State Borders. Thompson, Jeffrey P., and Shawn M. Rohlin. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-49. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, June 26, 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201349/201349pap.pdf

Educational Attainment and Economic Outcomes. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the Early Childhood Summit 2013: Innovation and Opportunity, Boston, MA. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, April 5, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2013/040513/

Is Job Polarization Holding Back the Labor Market? Albanesi, Stefania, Victoria Gregory, Christina Patterson, and Aysegül Sahin. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 27, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/03/is-job-polarization-holding-back-the-labor-market.html

Moving to a Job: The Role of Home Equity, Debt, and Access to Credit. Demyanyk, Yuliya, Dmytro Hryshko, María José Luengo-Prado, and Bent E. Sørensen. Working Paper 13-05. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2013/wp1305.pdf

Long-Term Unemployment: What Do We Know? Valletta, Rob. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-03. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 4, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2013/el2013-03.html

On the Importance of the Participation Margin for Market Fluctuations. Elsby, Michael W. L., Bart Hobijn, and Aysegül Sahin. Working Paper 2013-05. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2013/wp2013-05.pdf

The Cyclicality of Job-to-Job Transitions and Its Implications for Aggregate Productivity. Mukoyama, Toshihiko. International Finance Discussion Paper 1074. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, February 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2013/1074/ifdp1074.pdf

Job Polarization Leaves Middle-Skilled Workers out in the Cold. Canon, Maria E., and Elise Marifian. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2315

Unemployment among Recent Veterans during the Great Recession. Faberman, R. Jason, and Taft Foster. Economic Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, First Quarter 2013. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/economic_perspectives/2013/1Q2013_part1_faberman_foster.pdf

Weaving a Web for Watching Indicators. Altig, Dave. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/13q1_fed_at_issue.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Will the Jobless Rate Drop Take a Break? Daly, Mary, Early Elias, Bart Hobijn, and Oscar Jorda. FRBSF Economic Letter 2012-37. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, December 17, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2012/el2012-37.html

The Ins and Outs of Forecasting Unemployment: Using Labor Force Flows to Forecast the Labor Market. Barnichon, Regis, and Christopher J. Nekarda. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-19. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, November 21, 2012. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201319/201319pap.pdf

Displaced Workers and the Great Recession. Tasci, Murat. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, November 7, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/1112/01labmar.cfm

Accounting for Unemployment: The Long and Short of It. Hornstein, Andreas. Working Paper 12-07. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, November 5, 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2012/pdf/wp12-07.pdf

The Challenges of Understanding Labor Market Trends. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Chattanooga Downtown Rotary, Chattanooga, TN. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 1, 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/121101_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Decline in Unemployment: Any Silver Lining? Pitts, Melinda. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 11, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/09/decline-in-unemployment-any-silver-lining.html?d=1&s=hcc

Declining Labor Turnover and Turbulence. Fujita, Shigeru. Working Paper 11-44/R. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, September 2011. Revised September 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2011/wp11-44R.pdf

A Closer Look at Nonparticipants During and After the Great Recession. Hotchkiss, Julie L., M. Melinda Pitts, and Fernando Rios-Avila. Working Paper 2012-10. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1210.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Pulling Up Stakes. Nash, Betty Joyce. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter/Third Quarter 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2012/q2-3/pdf/feature1.pdf

Firm Size and Employment Dynamics in Recessions and Recoveries. Kong, Yu-Chien, and Juan M. Sánchez. Economic Synopses 16. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 22, 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/9310

The Increased Role of Flows between Nonparticipation and Unemployment during the Great Recession and Recovery. Kudlyak, Marianna, and David A. Price. Economic Brief 12-06. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2012/eb_12-06.cfm

Labor Force Nonparticipants: So What Are They Doing? Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 11, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/05/labor-force-nonparticipants-so-what-are-they-doing.html?d=1&s=hcc

Aggregate Labour Market Dynamics in Hong Kong. Lubik, Thomas A. Richmond Fed Research Digest. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/research_digest/pdf/digest_2012.pdf

Many Moving Parts: The Latest Look Inside the U.S. Labor Market. Andolfatto, David, and Marcela M. Williams. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 94. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March/April 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/12/03/135-152Andolfatto.pdf

The Bathtub Model of Unemployment: The Importance of Labor Market Flow Dynamics. Sahin, Aysegül, and Christina Patterson. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 28, 2012. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2012/03/the-bathtub-model-of-unemployment-the-importance-of-labor-market-flow-dynamics.html

Prospects for the U.S. Labor Market. McCarthy, Jonathan, and Simon Potter. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 26, 2012. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2012/03/prospects-for-the-us-labor-market.html

Finding a Place. Wright, Kevin. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Spring 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/spring-2012/Finding_a_place.pdf

Recession's Impact on the Workforce. EconSouth Now podcast series, Nicole Smith with Tom Heintjes. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/econsouthnow/120313_smith.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Employment Dynamics during Economic Recoveries. Liborio, Constanza S., and Juan M. Sánchez. Economic Synopses 2. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 20, 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/9108

Accounting for the Non-Employment of U.S. Men, 1968–2010. Kudlyak, Marianna, Thomas Lubik, and Jonathan Tompkins. Economic Quarterly Vol. 97, 4. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Fourth Quarter 2011. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_quarterly/2011/q4/pdf/kudlyak.pdf

Worker Flows and Matching Efficiency. Veracierto, Marcelo. Economic Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Fourth Quarter 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/economic_perspectives/2011/4qtr2011_part3_veracierto.pdf

Job Churning in Regional Labor Markets. Gerbec, Jason, Miriam Singer, and Adam Smith. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 27, 2010. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2010/1010/01regact.cfm

The Labor Market for Men and Women. Dunne, Tim, and Kyle Fee. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, July 19, 2010. http://www.clevelandfed.org/Research/Trends/2010/0810/01labmar.cfm

On-the-Job Search and the Cyclical Dynamics of the Labor Market. Krause, Michael U., and Thomas A. Lubik. Working Paper 10-12. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 2010. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2010/pdf/wp10-12.pdf

It's Jobs, not Discouraged Workers. Hotchkiss, Julie, and Laurel Graefe. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 21, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/01/its-jobs-not-discouraged-workers.html?d=1&s=hcc

Worker Flows and Job Flows: A Quantitative Investigation. Fujita, Shigeru, and Makoto Nakajima. Working Paper 09-33. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, November 2009. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2009/wp09-33.pdf

Boomerang Kids: Labor Market Dynamics and Moving Back Home. Kaplan, Greg. Working Paper 675. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/wp/wp675.pdf

Supply Shocks, Demand Shocks, and Labor Market Fluctuations. Braun, Helge, Reinout De Bock, and Riccardo DiCecio. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review Vol. 91, 3. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May/June 2009. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/article/7470

The Long and Large Decline in State Employment Growth Volatility. Carlino, Gerald, Robert DeFina, and Keith Sill. Working Paper 09-9. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, April 2009. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2009/wp09-9.pdf

The Rigidity of Labor: Processing Savings and Work Decisions through Shannon's Channels. Tutino, Antonella. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2010-02. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, May 2008. Revised February 2009. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2010/201002/201002pap.pdf

Job Flows, Jobless Recoveries, and the Great Moderation. Faberman, R. Jason. Working Paper 08-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, June 2008. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2008/wp08-11.pdf

On the Cyclical Behavior of Employment, Unemployment and Labor Force Participation. Veracierto, Marcelo. Working Paper 2002-12. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 2002. Revised February 2008. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2002/wp_12.cfm

Labor supply

Professional Services Firms' Growth May be Constrained by Labor Availability. Madden, Toby. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5342

Job Separation Rate Shows Economic Shifts. Wiczer, David. Economic Synopses 15. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 20, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10146

Where Is the Slack in the Labor Market? On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 19, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/where-is-the-slack-in-the-labor-market/

How Discouraged Are the Marginally Attached? Altig, Dave, John Robertson, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 2, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/06/how-discouraged-are-the-marginally-attached.html?d=1&s=hcc

Reflections on Diversity. Kocherlakota, Narayana. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5324

Middle-Skill Jobs Lost in U.S. Labor Market Polarization. Cheremukhin, Anton. Economic Letter Vol. 9, 5. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, May 2014. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/eclett/2014/el1405.pdf

The Economics of Immigration: A Story of Substitutes and Complements. Wolla, Scott A. Page One Economics Newsletter. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/pageone-economics/pages/newsletter.php?nid=94&title=The+Economics+of+Immigration%3A+A+Story+of+Substitutes+and+Complements

Using State-Level Data to Estimate How Labor Market Slack Affects Wages. Higgins, Pat. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 17, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/04/using-state-level-data-to-estimate-how-labor-market-slack-affects-wages.html?d=1&s=hcc

Just Released: April Surveys Find Businesses Face Increasing Difficulty Retaining Skilled Workers. Bram, Jason, and Richard Deitz. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, April 16, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/04/just-released-april-surveys-find-businesses-face-increasing-difficulty-retaining-skilled-workers.html

The Graying of the Sunshine State's Labor Force. Diaz-Unzalu, Marycela. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 4, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/04/the-graying-of-the-sunshine-states-labor-force.html?d=1&s=hcc

Discouraged Workers: What Do We Know? On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 3, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/discouraged-workers-what-do-we-know/

Fixing the STEM Pipeline. Davies, Phil. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5304

Getting to the Root of STEM. Davies, Phil. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5302&

Single Mothers and the Earned Income Tax Credit: Insurance without Disincentives? Athreya, Kartik, Devin Reilly, and Nicole Simpson. Working Paper 14-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, April 2014. https://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2014/pdf/wp14-11.pdf

Misallocation, Informality, and Human Capital: Understanding the Role of Institutions. D'Erasmo, Pablo N., Herman J. Moscoso Boedo, and Asli Senkal. Working Paper 14-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, March 24, 2014. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2014/wp14-11.pdf

Are the Long-Term Unemployed Different? Wiczer, David. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 24, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/are-the-long-term-unemployed-different/

Using an Improved Taylor Rule to Predict When Policy Changes Will Occur. Carlstrom, Charles T., and Saeed Zaman. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 4, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2014/2014-02.pdf

Does Redistribution Increase Output? The Centrality of Labor Supply. Athreya, Kartik, Andrew Owens, and Felipe Schwartzman. Working Paper 14-04. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, February 28, 2014. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2014/pdf/wp14-04.pdf

Underutilization in U.S. Labor Markets. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the "New Topics New College" Speaker Series, hosted by New College of Florida, Sarasota, FL. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, February 6, 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2014/020614/index.htm

The Economic Plight of Millennials. Carter, Mark. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/14q1_millennials.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Is There a Stable Phillips Curve After All? Terry, Fitzgerald J., and Juan Pablo Nicolini. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, December 12, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5217

Immigrants as a Potential Source of Growth for New England's Highly Skilled Workforce. Watson, Tara. New England Public Policy Center Policy Brief 13-5. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2013/briefs135.pdf

The Fed, Education, and the Future of Jobs and Pay in OKC. Wilkerson, Chad. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, November 14, 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/speeches/2013Wilkerson-OKCChamberBODRetreat-Ardmore-11-13.pdf

Does Foreign Labor Hurt U.S.-Born Workers? Davies, Phil. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 17, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5189

Volatility, Labor Heterogeneity and Asset Price. Ochoa, Marcelo. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-71. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, October 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201371/201371pap.pdf

Is the U.S. Economy Losing Its Dynamism? Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Creative Leadership Summit, Louise Blouin Foundation, New York, NY. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 23, 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/130923_speech_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Heterogeneity in Labor Supply Elasticity and Optimal Taxation. Karabarbounis, Marios. Working Paper 13-13. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, September 4, 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2013/pdf/wp13-13.pdf

Talent, Labor Quality, and Economic Development. Cubas, German, B. Ravikumar, and Gustavo Ventura. Working Paper 2013-027A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, September 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2013/2013-027.pdf

The Dynamics of Labor Market Polarization. Smith, Christopher L. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-57. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, August 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201357/201357pap.pdf

The Global Labor Market Impact of Emerging Giants: A Quantitative Assessment. Levchenko, Andrei A., and Jing Zhang. Working Paper 2013-10. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, August 2013. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/working_papers/2013/wp2013_10.pdf

Bakken Activity: How Wide Is the Ripple Effect? Batbold, Dulguun, and Rob Grunewald. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5098

The Effect of State and Local Sales Taxes on Employment at State Borders. Thompson, Jeffrey P., and Shawn M. Rohlin. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-49. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, June 26, 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201349/201349pap.pdf

Connecting Asset and Labor Markets in a Heterogeneous Agent Model. Speech by President Naravana Kocherlakota to the 2013 Summer Workshop hosted by the Central Bank of Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 1, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/news_events/pres/speech_display.cfm?id=5103

Job Matching within and across Firms. Pastorino, Elena. Research Department Staff Report 482. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr482.pdf

Enforcement and Immigrant Location Choice. Watson, Tara. Working Paper 13-10. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, June 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2013/wp1310.pdf

The Regional Housing Recovery: Where Are the Jobs? Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 15, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/05/the-regional-housing-recovery-where-are-the-jobs.html?d=1&s=hcc

Food for Thought. Gafford, Teri. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 8, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/05/food-for-thought.html?d=1&s=hcc

Retaining Recent College Graduates in New England: An Update on Current Trends. Sasser Modestino, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Policy Brief 13-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, May 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2013/briefs132.pdf

The Long-Term Employment Impacts of Gentrification in the 1990s. Lester, T. William, and Daniel A. Hartley. Working Paper 13-7. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2013/wp1307.pdf

Local Deficits and Local Jobs: Can U.S. States Stabilize Their Own Economies? Carlino, Gerald, and Robert Inman. Working Paper 13-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, April 2013. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2013/wp13-11.pdf

Shared Knowledge and the Coagglomeration of Occupations. Gabe, Todd M., and Jaison R. Abel. Staff Report 612. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, April 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr612.html

Latino Dairy Workers in Vermont. Baker, Daniel. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/spring/latino-dairy-workers-in-vermont.htm

The Supply of College-Educated Workers: The Roles of College Premia, College Costs, and Risk. Athreya, Kartik B., and Janice Eberly. Working Paper 13-02. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, March 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/#tabview=tab0

Polarizing Affect: Occupational Shift Changes America's Workforce. Wright, Kevin. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Spring 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/spring2013/Polarizing_Affect.pdf

The State of the U.S. Labor Market Recovery. Tasci, Murat, and Christopher Vecchio. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 7, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0213/01labmar.cfm

The Stolper-Samuelson Effects of a Decline in Aggregate Consumption. Luttmer, Erzo G. J. Working Paper 703. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, February 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5051

The Low- and Moderate-Income Population in Recession and Recovery: Results from a New Survey. Edmiston, Kelly D. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, First Quarter 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/13q1Edmiston.pdf

The Vanishing Middle: Job Polarization and Workers' Response to the Decline in Middle-Skill Jobs. Tüzumen, Didem, and Jonathan Willis. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, First Quarter 2013. https://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/13q1Tuzemen-Willis.pdf

Oil Boom's Benefits and Burdens: Worker Influx Stresses Supply of Affordable Housing. Lopez, Roy. Banking and Community Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, December 2012. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/cd/bcp/2012/bcp1203c.pdf

Labor Market Trends in Massachusetts Regions. Various authors. New England Public Policy Center. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, November 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/labor-market-trends-in-massachusetts-regions/

Aggregate Labor Supply. Prescott, Edward C., and Johanna Wallenius. Quarterly Review Vol. 35, 2. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4980

Declining Labor Turnover and Turbulence. Fujita, Shigeru. Working Paper 11-44/R. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, September 2011. Revised September 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2011/wp11-44R.pdf

The Great Recession's Impact on Hours Worked and Employment. Aliprantis, Dionissi. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, August 29, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0912/01houcon.cfm

Relative Pay and Labor Supply. Bracha, Anat, and Uri Gneezy. Working Paper 12-6. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, August 7, 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2012/wp1206.pdf

Where Have All the Workers Gone? Romero, Jessie. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter/Third Quarter 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2012/q2-3/pdf/cover_story.pdf

10 Things to Know about the Shape of Ohio's Skilled Workforce. Dunne, Timothy, and Guhan Venkatu. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 15, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2012/2012-06.cfm

Recession's Impact on the Workforce. EconSouth Now podcast series, Nicole Smith with Tom Heintjes. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/econsouthnow/120313_smith.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Why Do So Few Women Work in New York (And So Many in Minneapolis)? Labor Supply of Married Women across U.S. Cities. Black, Dan A., Natalia Kolesnikova, and Lowell J. Taylor. Working Paper 2007-043H. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2007. Revised March 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2007/2007-043.pdf

Lifetime Labor Supply and Human Capital Investment. Manuelli, Rodolfo E., Ananth Seshadri, and Yongseok Shin. Working Paper 2012-004A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, February 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2012/2012-004.pdf

Local Government Employment in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and West Virginia. Whitaker, Stephen. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, November 2, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2011/1111/01regact.cfm

Polarization, Immigration, Education: What's behind the Dramatic Decline in Youth Employment? Smith, Christopher L. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2011-41. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, October 2011. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2011/201141/201141pap.pdf

Accounting for the Non-Employment of U.S. Men, 1968–2010. Kudlyak, Marianna, Thomas Lubik, and Jonathan Tompkins. Economic Quarterly Vol. 97, 4. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Fourth Quarter 2011. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_quarterly/2011/q4/pdf/kudlyak.pdf

The Labor Force: To Work or Not to Work. Hartley, Daniel. Forefront. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Fall 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/Forefront/2011/fall/ff_2011_fall_06.cfm

The Collapse of the Labor Market for 16- to 24-Year-Olds. Fogg, Neeta P., and Paul E. Harrington. Cascade 78. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Fall 2011. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/78/04_collapse-of-16-to-24-labor-market.cfm

Labor Markets and Monetary Policy. Kocherlakota, Narayana. 2010 Annual Report essay. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, August 2, 2011. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4714

The Effect of Disability Insurance Receipt on Labor Supply. French, Eric, and Jae Song. Working Paper 2009-05. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 2009. Revised July 1, 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2009/wp_05.cfm

Aggregate Labor Supply. Wallenius, Johanna, and Edward C. Prescott. Research Department Staff Report 457. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 2011. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr457.pdf

To Work or Not to Work: The Economics of a Mother's Dilemma. Hotchkiss, Julie L., M. Melinda Pitts, and Mary Beth Walker. Working Paper 2011-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/11_02.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

How Do Sudden Large Losses in Wealth Affect Labor Force Participation? Benson, David, and Eric French. Chicago Fed Letter 282. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, January 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2011/january_282.cfm

Mismatch in the Labor Market: Measuring the Supply and Demand for Skilled Labor in New England. Sasser Modestino, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Research Report 10-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, November 30, 2010. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/presentations/2010/sassermodestino113010.pdf

Public Pensions and Labor Supply over the Life Cycle. French, Eric, and John Bailey Jones. Working Paper 2010-09. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, August 31, 2010. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2010/wp_09.cfm

Assessing the Impact of Education and Marriage on Labor Market Exit Decisions of Women. Hotchkiss, Julie L., M. Melinda Pitts, and Mary B. Walker. Working Paper 2010-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/working_paper_2010-2.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Impact of Low-Skilled Immigration on the Youth Labor Market. Smith, Christopher L. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2010-03. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 2009. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2010/201003/201003pap.pdf

How Will Baby Boomer Retirements Affect Teacher Labor Markets? Aaronson, Daniel, and Katherine Meckel. Economic Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Fourth Quarter 2009. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/economic_perspectives/2009/ep_4qtr2009_part1_aaronson_meckel.pdf

Boomerang Kids: Labor Market Dynamics and Moving Back Home. Kaplan, Greg. Working Paper 675. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/wp/wp675.pdf

OMG! Like, Where Are All the Teen Workers? Wirtz, Ronald A. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, September 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/fedgaz/09-09/teenlabor.pdf

Trends in the Aggregate Labor Force. Matheny, Kenneth J. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review Vol. 91, 4. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July/August 2009. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/article/7580

Smart Places, Getting Smarter: Facts about the Young Professional Population in New England States. Brome, Heather. New England Public Policy Center Discussion Paper 09-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, July 2009. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/dp/2009/dp091.htm

Lasting Connections: Using Internships to Retain Recent College Graduates in New England. Sasser, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Policy Brief 09-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, March 2009. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2009/pb093.htm

Factors Affecting the Supply of Recent College Graduates in New England. Sasser, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Policy Brief 09-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, January 2009. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2009/briefs901.pdf

Retention of Recent College Graduates in New England. Sasser, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Policy Brief 09-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, January 2009. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2009/pb092.htm

Factors Affecting the Supply of Recent College Graduates in New England. Sasser, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Policy Brief 09-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, January 2009. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2009/pb091.htm

Employing the Region's Assets: Baby Boomers Meeting New England's Skilled Workforce Needs. Brome, Heather, and Sandra Hackman. New England Public Policy Center Conference Report 08-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 3, 2008. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/conreports/2008/cr081.htm

Local Price Variation and Labor Supply Behavior. Black, Dan A., Natalia Kolesnikova, and Lowell J. Taylor. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Regional Economic Development Vol. 4, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2008. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/red/article/6888

Property Taxes and Elderly Labor Supply. Shan, Hui. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2008-51. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, September 16, 2008. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2008/200851/200851pap.pdf

The Future of the Skilled Labor Force in New England: The Supply of Recent College Graduates. Sasser, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Research Report 08-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, September 2008. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/researchreports/2008/rr0801.htm

Are Income Gains Due to More Wives Working Longer Hours? Fitzgerald, Terry J. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, September 1, 2008. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/pub_display.cfm?id=4051

Taxation, Aggregates and the Household. Guner, Nezih, Remzi Kaygusuz, and Gustavo Ventura. Working Paper 660. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 2008. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/wp/wp660.pdf

Changes in the Distribution of Family Hours Worked since 1950. McGrattan, Ellen R., and Richard Rogerson. Research Department Staff Report 397. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Revised April 2008. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr397.pdf

Working with Children? The Probability of Mothers Exiting the Workforce at Time of Birth. Hotchkiss, Julie L., M. Melinda Pitts, and Mary Beth Walker. Working Paper 2008-8. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2008. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/working_paper_2008-8_.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

On the Cyclical Behavior of Employment, Unemployment and Labor Force Participation. Veracierto, Marcelo. Working Paper 2002-12. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 2002. Revised February 2008. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2002/wp_12.cfm

Changing Trends in the Labor Force: A Survey. DiCecio, Riccardo, Kristie M. Engemann, Michael T. Owyang, and Christopher H. Wheeler. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review Vol. 90, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January/February 2008. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/08/01/DiCecio.pdf

Macroeconomic labor trends

The Affordable Care Act and the Labor Market. Aaronson, Daniel, and Darren Lubotsky. Chicago Fed Letter 323. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, June 2014. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2014/cfljune2014_323.pdf

Understanding the Great Recession. Christiano, Lawrence J., Martin S. Eichenbaum, and Mathias Trabandt. International Finance Discussion Paper 1107. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, June 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2014/1107/ifdp1107.pdf

Job Polarization and the Great Recession. Tasci, Murat, and Jessica Ice. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 28, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2014/0614/01labmar.cfm

Assessing the Change in Labor Market Conditions. Chung, Hess, Bruce Fallick, Christoher Nekarda, and David Ratner. FEDS Notes. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, May 22, 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/notes/feds-notes/2014/assessing-the-change-in-labor-market-conditions-20140522.html

Where Is the Slack in the Labor Market? Garriga, Carlos. Economic Synopses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 19, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10121

Labor Market Conditions: Good or Not So Good? Kliesen, Kevin. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 15, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/05/labor-market-conditions-good-or-not-so-good/

Employment Revision Asymmetries. Owyang, Michael T., and E. Katarina Vermann. Economic Synopses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 2, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10108

Signs of Improving Labor Market Conditions. Kliesen, Kevin L. Economic Synopses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 1, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10106

The Economic Recovery with Malfunctioning Sectors. Garriga, Carlos. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 7, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/the-economic-recovery-with-malfunctioning-sectors/

How Do We Get More Jobs? Davidson, Charles, and Lela Somoza. 2013 Annual Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 17, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/annualreport/13ar/monetarypolicy.html?d=1&s=hcc

Just Released: Beyond the Unemployment Rate: Eight Different Faces of the Labor Market. Kapon, Samuel, and Aysegül Sahin. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 10, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/03/just-released-beyond-the-unemployment-rate-eight-different-faces-of-the-labor-market.html

A Quick Independence Day Weekend, Post-Employment Report Update. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 5, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/07/a-quick-independence-day-weekend-post-employment-report-update.html?d=1&s=hcc

Not So Fast: Sixth District Payroll Growth Takes a Breather in May. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 25, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/06/not-so-fast-sixth-district-payroll-growth-takes-a-breather-in-may.html?d=1&s=hcc

Casting a Web over Jobs Data. Pitts, M. Melinda, and Patrick Higgins. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 10, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/06/casting-web-over-jobs-data.html?d=1&s=hcc

Microeconomic labor trends

Four Metro Areas Paint Four Different Pictures of Job Growth in Eighth District. Gascon, Charles S. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 7, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/four-metro-areas-paint-four-different-pictures-of-job-growth-in-eighth-district/

Separating Out Job Groups in the Sixth District. Carter, Mark, and Sandra Ghizoni. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 3, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/07/separating-out-job-groups-in-the-sixth-district.html?d=1&s=hcc

Why Is Economic Mobility in Memphis among the Lowest in the Nation? Badel, Alejandro, and Julia S. Maues. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2531

As Owensboro, Ky., Wraps Up Wave of Development, Hiring Slows Down. Arias, Maria A., and Charles S. Gascon. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2534

Florida, On Holiday. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 26, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/06/florida-on-holiday.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Growing Gulf Coast: Good Signs despite Low Sales. Slack, Adrienne, Rebekah Durham, and Harrison Grieb. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 25, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/06/the-growing-gulf-coast-good-signs-despite-low-sales.html?d=1&s=hcc

Seventh District R&D: Manufacturing the Leader. Testa, Bill. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, June 23, 2014. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2014/06/rd_mfg_blog.html

Industrial Cities Initiative Profiled in New Report. Engel, Emily, and Jere Boyle. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, June 13, 2014. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2014/06/industrial_citi_1.html

Southeast Manufacturing Rides a Wave in May. Balthrop, Troy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 12, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/06/southeast-manufacturing-rides-a-wave-in-may.html?d=1&s=hcc

Seventh District Update. Walstrum, Thom, and Scott Brave. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, June 4, 2014. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2014/06/seventh_distric_18.html

Using Cross-State Variation to Assess the Potential for Additional Improvement in Measures of Labor Market Conditions. Smith, Christopher L. FEDS Notes. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, June 2, 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/notes/feds-notes/2014/using-cross-state-variation-to-assess-the-potential-for-additional-improvement-in-measures-of-labor-market-conditions-20140602.html

Are We There Yet? Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 22, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/05/are-we-there-yet.html?d=1&s=hcc

Annual Revisions to Pittsburgh Jobs Data Alter Picture of Local Labor. Venkatu, Guhan. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 15, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2014/0614/01regeco.cfm

Is Florida Finally Beginning to Flourish Again? Arteaga, Sarah. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 9, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/05/is-florida-finally-beginning-to-flourish-again.html?d=1&s=hcc

Is Something Ailing the Illinois Economy? Testa, Bill. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, May 8, 2014. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2014/05/is_something_ai.html

How Important Have Employment Revisions Been the Past Two Years? Kliesen, Kevin. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 2, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/how-important-have-employment-revisions-been-the-past-two-years/

Regional Payroll Growth Rebounds in March. Gafford, Teri, and Mark Carter. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 25, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/04/regional-payroll-growth-rebounds-in-march.html?d=1&s=hcc

Just Released: April Surveys Find Businesses Face Increasing Difficulty Retaining Skilled Workers. Bram, Jason, and Richard Deitz. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, April 16, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/04/just-released-april-surveys-find-businesses-face-increasing-difficulty-retaining-skilled-workers.html

Cold, Snowy Winter Slowed, but Didn't Stop, the Ninth District Economy. Grunewald, Rob, and Dulguun Batbold. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 14, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/04/cold-and-snowy-winter-slowed-but-did-not-stop-the-ninth-district-economy.html

The Graying of the Sunshine State's Labor Force. Diaz-Unzalu, Marycela. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 4, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/04/the-graying-of-the-sunshine-states-labor-force.html?d=1&s=hcc

Regional Payroll Growth Rebounds in February. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 2, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/04/regional-payroll-growth-rebounds-in-february.html?d=1&s=hcc

Update on Oklahoma's Economy. The Oklahoma Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Second Quarter 2014. http://www.kc.frb.org/publicat/oke/oe-2q-2014.pdf

Update on the Kansas and Missouri Economies. The Midwest Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Second Quarter 2014. http://www.kc.frb.org/publicat/me/me-2q-2014.pdf

Which Estimates of Metropolitan-Area Jobs Growth Should We Trust? Elvery, Joel, and Christopher Vecchio. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 1, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2014/2014-05.cfm

Annual Revisions to Metro-Level Jobs Data Shed New Light on Job Growth in Fourth District Metro Areas. Elvery, Joel, and Christopher Vecchio. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 1, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2014/0414/01regeco.cfm

Then and Now: Labor Markets in Ninth District Counties. Grunewald, Rob, and Dulguun Batbold. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, March 25, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/03/unemployment-rates-in-the-majority-of-district-counties-were-higher-in-2013-compared-with-2007-the-year-before-the-great-rec.html

Half Empty or Half Full? Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 20, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/03/half-empty-or-half-full.html

Eighth District Economic Conditions Are Mixed. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 18, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/eighth-district-economic-conditions-are-mixed/

Where Does the Labor Market Stand? Davidson, Charles, and Lela Somoza. 2013 Annual Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 17, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/annualreport/13ar/employment.html?d=1&s=hcc

The 12th District Community Indicators Project. Vantage Point. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 4, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/publications/vantage-point/2014/march/2013-community-indicators-survey/

Tennessee's Auto Industry: Pitfalls and Potholes. Balthrop, Troy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 3, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/03/tennessees-auto-industry-pitfalls-and-potholes.html?d=1&s=hcc

West Tennessee Day Trippin': Rural Tourism Campaign Builds Regional Partnerships for Community and Economic Development. Johnson, Maggie, and Gina M. Tynan. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=2525

Nebraska's Key Industries Drive Growth. Kauffman, Nathan, and Maria Akers. The Nebraska Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, March 2014. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ne/ne-1q-2014.pdf

Stop, Look, and Listen. Gafford, Teri. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 19, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/02/stop-look-and-listen.html?d=1&s=hcc

Puerto Rico Employment Trends—Not Quite as Bleak as They Appear. Bram, Jason. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 14, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/02/puerto-rico-employment-trendsnot-quite-as-bleak-as-they-appear.html

New Community Development Data Reports for the 12th District. Community Development. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 12, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/blog/rent-vacancy-foreclosure-san-francisco-bay-area/

Is a Neighborhood's Unemployment Rate Influenced by Its Metro Area? Aliprantis, Dionissi, Kyle Fee, and Nelson Oliver. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 12, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2014/0214/01labmar.cfm

The Prospects of Non-College-Bound Workers in the Fourth District. Richter, Francisca G., and Lisa Nelson. A Look behind the Numbers. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 10, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/community_development/publications/albtn/v7_1/index.cfm

Atlanta Fed Survey Highlights Regional Employment Plans for 2014. Patel, Shalini. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 6, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/02/atlanta-fed-survey-highlights-regional-employment-plans-for-2014.html?d=1&s=hcc

LMI Survey Gets Specific to Gain Insights. Edmiston, Kelly. Community Connections. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, February 2014. http://www.kc.frb.org/publications/community/connections/article.cfm?pubID=1392829674200&issueID=1392818963163&publicationID=1380039527762

Are the Clouds Lifting in the Sunshine State? Diaz-Unzalu, Marycela. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 28, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/01/are-the-clouds-lifting-in-the-sunshine-state.html?d=1&s=hcc

Business Expect Hiring to Continue in 2014. Madden, Toby. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 16, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/01/my-entry.html

Temp Jobs on the Rise in Ninth District. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 3, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/01/temp-jobs-on-the-rise-in-ninth-district.html

Texas to Remain a Top State for Job Growth in 2014. Phillips, Keith R., and Christopher Slijk. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, First Quarter 2014. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2014/swe1401b.pdf

Texas Leads Nation in Creation of Jobs at All Pay Levels. LoPalo, Melissa, and Pia M. Orrenius. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, First Quarter 2014. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2014/swe1401d.pdf

Update on the Kansas and Missouri Economies. Kodaka, Andres. The Midwest Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, First Quarter 2014. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/me/me-1q-2014.pdf

Update on Oklahoma's Economy. Williams, Megan, and Elena Ojeda. The Oklahoma Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, First Quarter 2014. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/oke/oe-1q-2014.pdf

Ninth District Employment Services Sector: Not a Temporary Blip. Wirtz, Ronald A. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5257

Housing and Labor Market Trends: Alaska. Community Development Research. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/Alaska-01_14.pdf

Arizona: Housing and Labor Market Trends. Community Development Research. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/Arizona-01_14.pdf

Housing and Labor Market Trends: California. Community Development Research. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/California-01_14.pdf

Housing and Labor Market Trends: Hawaii. Community Development Research. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/Hawaii-01_14.pdf

Housing and Labor Market Trends: Idaho. Community Development Research. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/Idaho-01_14.pdf

Housing and Labor Market Trends: Nevada. Community Development Research. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/Nevada-01_14.pdf

Housing and Labor Market Trends: Oregon. Community Development Research. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/Oregon-01_14.pdf

Housing and Labor Market Trends: Utah. Community Development Research. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/Utah-01_14.pdf

Housing and Labor Market Trends: Washington. Community Development Research. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/Washington-01_14.pdf

Engines of Growth Vary in Four Largest Cities. Arias, Maria A., and Charles S. Gascon. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2466

Georgia, Tennessee Lead Regional Payroll Growth in November. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 31, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/12/georgia-tennessee-lead-regional-payroll-growth-in-november.html

State of the Texas Economy: An Annual Update. Speech by President Richard W. Fisher to the Dallas Breakfast Group, Dallas, TX. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, December 19, 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/news/speeches/fisher/2013/fs131219.cfm

The Pittsburgh Labor Market. Venkatu, Guhan. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, December 9, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/1213/01regeco.cfm

The Southeastern Economy in 2013. EconSouth Now podcast series, Mike Chriszt with Tom Heintjes. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/econsouthnow/131230_chriszt.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Nebraska Firms Still Hiring. Kauffman, Nathan, and Maria Akers. The Nebraska Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, December 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ne/ne-4q-2013.pdf

Giving Thanks for Faster Payroll Growth. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 26, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/11/giving-thanks-for-faster-payroll-growth.html

Another Year of Modest Growth. Patel, Shalini. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Fourth Quarter 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/13q4_regional.pdf

Update on Oklahoma's Economy. Williams, Megan. The Oklahoma Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Fourth Quarter 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/oke/oe-4q-2013.pdf

Update on the Kansas and Missouri Economies. Kodaka, Andres. The Midwest Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Fourth Quarter 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/me/me-4q-2013.pdf

Spurious Seasonal Patterns and Excess Smoothness in the BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics. Phillips, Keith R., and Jianguo Wang. Working Paper 1305. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, September 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2013/wp1305.pdf

Recession and Recovery in the Mountain States. Felix, Alison, and Sam Chapman. The Rocky Mountain Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Fall 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/rme/RME-4Q-2013.pdf

Tennessee's Economic Forecast? Not Too Bad. Balthrop, Troy. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 9, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/07/tennessees-economic-forecast-not-too-bad.html?d=1&s=hcc

Activity at Professional Service Firms up; Expected to Continue. Madden, Toby. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5123

States Are Recovering Lost Jobs at Surprisingly Similar Rates. Bram, Jason, and James Orr. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 26, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/06/states-are-recovering-lost-jobs-at-surprisingly-similar-rates.html

Rebuild and Reshape. Psilos, Gail. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 20, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/06/rebuild-and-reshape.html?d=1&s=hcc

Tracking Slow, Painful Progress. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 19, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/06/tracking-slow-painful-progress.html?d=1&s=hcc

Oklahoma Labor Markets and the Importance of Community Colleges. Speech by Vice President Chad Wilkerson to the Oklahoma Workforce Development Conference, Oklahoma City, OK. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, June 12, 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/speeches/2013Wilkerson-OKC-WorkforceSymposium-06-13.pdf

Just Released: New York's Latest Beige Book Report Points to Sustained Growth. Abel, Jaison R., and Jason Bram. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 5, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/06/just-released-new-yorks-latest-beige-book-report-points-to-sustained-growth.html

A New Initiative for Massachusetts Smaller Cities. Chakrabarti, Prabal. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Summer 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/summer/a-new-initiative-for-massachusetts-smaller-cities.htm

Barons' Help Brightens Birmingham. Remy, Susan. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 31, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/05/barons-help-brightens-birmingham.html?=1&s=hcc

Brakken Activity: How Wide Is the Ripple Effect? Batbold, Dulguun, and Rob Grunewald. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 7, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5098

An Overview of the San Diego Labor Market and Economy. Community Development. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, May 6, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/blog/an-overview-of-the-san-diego-labor-market-and-economy/

Migration

Labor Force Participation: The Young and the Not Restless. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 29, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/01/labor-force-participation-the-young-and-the-not-restless.html

Understanding the Long-Run Decline in Interstate Migration. Kaplan, Greg, and Sam Schulhofer-Wohl. Working Paper 697. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, December 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/wp/wp697.pdf

Delving into Labor Markets. Rogerson, Richard, Robert Shimer, and Melinda Pitts. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 9, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/10/delving-into-labor-markets.html?d=1&s=hcc

Keeping the House or Moving for a Job. Demyanyk, Yuliya, Dmytro Hryshko, María José Luengo-Prado, and Bent Sørensen. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, July 11, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2013/2013-09.pdf

Importing, Exporting and Firm-Level Employment Volatility. Kurz, Christopher, and Mine Z. Senses. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-44. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, July 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201344/201344pap.pdf

Why Are Americans Moving Less? Schulhofer-Wohl, Sam, and Greg Kaplan. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 10, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5116

Enforcement and Immigrant Location Choice. Watson, Tara. Working Paper 13-10. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, June 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2013/wp1310.pdf

The Long-Term Employment Impacts of Gentrification in the 1990s. Lester, T. William, and Daniel A. Hartley. Working Paper 13-7. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2013/wp1307.pdf

House Lock and Structural Unemployment. Valletta, Robert G. Working Paper 2012-25. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, November 3, 2010. Revised April 2, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2012/wp12-25bk.pdf

Declining Migration within the U.S.: The Role of the Labor Market. Molloy, Raven, Christopher L. Smith, and Abigail Wozniak. Working Paper 2013-27. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, April 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201327/201327abs.html

Shared Knowledge and the Coagglomeration of Occupations. Gabe, Todd M., and Jaison R. Abel. Staff Report 612. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, April 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr612.html

Geographical Reallocation and Unemployment during the Great Recession: The Role of the Housing Bust. Karahan, Fatih, and Serena Rhee. Staff Report 605. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr605.html

Moving to a Job: The Role of Home Equity, Debt, and Access to Credit. Demyanyk, Yuliya, Dmytro Hryshko, María José Luengo-Prado, and Bent E. Sørensen. Working Paper 13-05. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2013/wp1305.pdf

Understanding the Long-Run Decline in Interstate Migration. Kaplan, Greg, and Sam Schulhofer-Wohl. Working Paper 697. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Revised February 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/wp/wp697.pdf

Regional Resilience. Lin, Jeffrey. Working Paper 13-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, December 17, 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2013/wp13-1.pdf

Oil Boom's Benefits and Burdens: Worker Influx Stresses Supply of Affordable Housing. Lopez, Roy. Banking and Community Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, December 2012. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/cd/bcp/2012/bcp1203c.pdf

Pulling Up Stakes. Nash, Betty Joyce. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter/Third Quarter 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2012/q2-3/pdf/feature1.pdf

Worker Flows and Matching Efficiency. Veracierto, Marcelo. Economic Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Fourth Quarter 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/economic_perspectives/2011/4qtr2011_part3_veracierto.pdf

How Much Has House Lock Affected Labor Mobility and the Unemployment Rate? Aaronson, Daniel, and Jonathan Davis. Chicago Fed Letter 290. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, September 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2011/september_290.cfm

Interstate Migration Has Fallen Less than You Think: Consequences of Hot Deck Imputation in the Current Population Survey. Kaplan, Greg, and Sam Schulhofer-Wohl. Staff Report 458. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 9, 2011. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4683

Internal Migration in the United States. Molloy, Raven, Christopher L. Smith, and Abigail Wozniak. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2011-30. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, May 2011. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2011/201130/201130pap.pdf

The Role of Housing in Labor Reallocation. Davis, Morris A., Jonas D.M. Fisher, and Marcelo Veracierto. Working Paper 2010-18. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, November 29, 2010. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2010/wp_18.cfm

Voting with Their Feet? Local Economic Conditions and Migration Patterns in New England. Sasser, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Working Paper 09-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, January 2009. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/wp/2009/neppcwp0901.htm

Outsourcing

What's Holding Back Job Growth? Davidson, Charles, and Lela Somoza. 2013 Annual Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 17, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/annualreport/13ar/polarization.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Economic Outlook for 2014. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Rotary Club of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 13, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/140113_speech_lockhart.cfm

Refugees: From Mayhem to Minnesota. Davies, Phil. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 3, 2013. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2013/10/tens-of-thousands-of-refugees-from-global-strife-have-settled-in-the-ninth-district-over-the-past-decade-contributing-to-the.html

The Impact of the Maquiladora Industry on U.S. Border Cities. Cañas, Jesús, Robert A. Coronado, Robert W. Gilmer, and Eduardo Saucedo. Working Paper 1107. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, May 17, 2011. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2011/wp1107.pdf

Offshoring and Volatility: More Evidence from Mexico's Maquiladora Industry. Coronado, Roberto A. Working Paper 1106. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, May 17, 2011. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2011/wp1106.pdf

Is Offshoring behind U.S. Employment's Current Problems? Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 4, 2011. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2011/05/is-offshoring-behind-us-employments-current-problems.html?d=1&s=hcc

An Evaluation of the Employment Effects of Barriers to Outsourcing. Bandyopadhyay, Subhayu, Sugata Marjit, and Lei Yang. Working Paper 2010-030A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2010. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2010/2010-030.pdf

Maquiladora Employment New Data Confirm Pickup in Juárez Factory Jobs. Coronado, Roberto, and Jesus Cañas. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Second Quarter 2010. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2010/swe1002d.pdf

Labor Market Globalization in the Recession and Beyond. Cox, W. Michael, Richard Alm, and Justyna Dymerska. Economic Letter Vol. 4, 10. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, December 2009. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/eclett/2009/el0910.pdf

A Theory of Outsourcing and Wage Decline. Holmes, Thomas J., and Julia Thornton Snider. Working Paper 669. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, March 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/wp/wp669.pdf

Participation

What Private Payroll Employment Numbers Say about the Labor Market. Canon, Maria E. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 14, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/what-private-payroll-employment-numbers-say-about-the-labor-market/

Job Separation Rate Shows Economic Shifts. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 8, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/job-separation-rate-shows-economic-shifts/

Quitters, Public and Private. Fortier, George. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 7, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/07/quitters-public-and-private/

Is Involuntary Part-time Employment Different after the Great Recession? Canon, Maria E., Marianna Kudlyak, and Marisa Reed. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2536

Investing in People as an Economic Growth Strategy. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the Lynchburg College School of Business and Economics, Lynchburg, VA. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 26, 2014. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2014/lacker_speech_20140626.cfm

How Discouraged Are the Marginally Attached? Altig, Dave, John Robertson, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 2, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/06/how-discouraged-are-the-marginally-attached.html?d=1&s=hcc

Understanding the Great Recession. Christiano, Lawrence J., Martin S. Eichenbaum, and Mathias Trabandt. International Finance Discussion Paper 1107. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, June 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2014/1107/ifdp1107.pdf

Where Is the Slack in the Labor Market? Garriga, Carlos. Economic Synopses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 19, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10121

A Comparison of American and Canadian Employment. Andolfatto, David. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 12, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/a-comparison-of-american-and-canadian-employment/

How Has Disability Affected Labor Force Participation? Altig, Dave, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 9, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/05/how-has-disability-affected-labor-force-participation.html?d=1&s=hcc

STEM: A Growth Industry. Batbold, Dulguun. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 8, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/05/stem-a-growth-industry-1.html

Gender Labor Force Participation Gaps. Contessi, Silvio. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 28, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/04/gender-labor-force-participation-gaps/

The Rise and Fall of Labor Force Participation in the U.S. Bullard, James. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 15, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/the-rise-and-fall-of-labor-force-participation-in-the-u-s/

Why Is Involuntary Part-Time Work Elevated? Cajner, Tomaz, Dennis Mawhirter, Christopher Nekarda, and David Ratner. FEDS Notes. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, April 14, 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/notes/feds-notes/2014/why-is-involuntary-part-time-work-elevated-20140414.html

Reasons for the Decline in Prime-Age Labor Force Participation. Pitts, Melinda, John Robertson, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 10, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/04/reasons-for-the-decline-in-prime-age-labor-force-participation-.html?d=1&s=hcc

A Closer Look at Post-2007 Labor Force Participation Trends. Pitts, Melinda, John Robertson, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 8, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/04/a-closer-look-at-post-2007-labor-force-participation-trends.html?d=1&s=hcc

Employment Is Back? It Depends. Wiczer, David. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 8, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/employment-is-back-it-depends/

What's "Up" with the Labor Force Participation Rate? Zimmermann, Christian. The FRED® Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 3, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/04/where-is-the-labor-force-participation-rate-going/

Where Does the Labor Market Stand? Davidson, Charles, and Lela Somoza. 2013 Annual Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 17, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/annualreport/13ar/employment.html?d=1&s=hcc

Thinking About Progress in the Labor Market. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 7, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/03/thinking-about-progress-in-the-labor-market.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Challenge of Estimating Full Employment. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Tanous Lecture, Georgetown University, Washington, DC. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 6, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/140306_speech_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Rise and Fall of Labor Force Participation in the U.S. Speech by President James Bullard to the Exchequer Club, Washington, D.C. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, February 19, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/econ/bullard/pdf/Bullard_ExchequerClub_19Feb2014_final.pdf

On the Causes of Declines in the Labor Force Participation Rate. Fujita, Shigeru. Research Rap Special Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Revised February 6, 2014. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/research-rap/2014/on-the-causes-of-declines-in-the-labor-force-participation-rate.pdf

A Prime-Aged Look at the Employment-to-Population Ratio. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 6, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/02/a-prime-aged-look-at-the-employment-to-population-ratio.html?d=1&s=hcc

Underutilization in U.S. Labor Markets. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the "New Topics New College" Speaker Series, hosted by New College of Florida, Sarasota, FL. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, February 6, 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2014/020614/index.htm

What Accounts for the Decrease in the Labor Force Participation Rate? Terry, Ellyn. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 17, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/01/what-accounts-for-the-decrease-in-the-labor-force-participation-rate.html?d=1&s=hcc

A Football Field of Labor Market Progress. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 14, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/01/a-football-field-of-labor-market-progress.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Economic Outlook for 2014. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Rotary Club of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 13, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/140113_speech_lockhart.cfm

The Rise and Fall of Labor Force Participation in the United States. Bullard, James. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review Vol. 96, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, First Quarter 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/2014/q1/bullard.pdf

Effect of Aging on Labor Force Participation Rates in the Mountain States. Felix, Alison, and Sam Chapman. The Rocky Mountain Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, First Quarter 2014. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/rme/RME-1Q-2014.pdf

Around the World, Gender Gaps Ebb and Flow. Contessi, Silvio, and Li Li. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2467

Is the Labor Force Participation Rate about to Fall Again? Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 27, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/12/is-the-labor-force-participation-rate-about-to-fall-again.html

Labor Force Participation Rates Revisited. Dunne, Timothy, and Ellie Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 19, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/12/labor-force-participation-rates-revisited.html?d=1&s=hcc

Uncertain Futures? Youth Attachment to the Labor Market in the United States and New England. Dennett, Julia, and Alicia Sasser Modestino. New England Public Policy Center Research Report 13-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/researchreports/2013/neppcrr1303.pdf

Uncertain Futures: Are American Youth Increasingly Idle? Think Again. Modestino, Alicia S. New England Public Center Policy Brief 13-4. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2013/briefs134.pdf

Atlanta Fed's Jobs Calculator Drills Down to the States. Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 14, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/11/atlanta-feds-jobs-calculator-drills-down-to-the-states.html?d=1&s=hcc

Taking Stock of the Labor Market Recovery. Jacobson, Maggie, and Murat Tasci. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, October 18, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/1113/01labmar.cfm

A Closer Look at the Decline in the Labor Force Participation Rate. Canon, Maria E., Marianna Kudlyak, and Peter Debbaut. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2419

The Effects of Health and Wealth Shocks on Retirement Decisions. Conley, Dalton, and Jason Thompson. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review Vol. 95, 5. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, September/October 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/article/9962

Regional Job Growth Loses Some Traction. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 24, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/09/regional-job-growth-loses-some-traction.html?d=1&s=hcc

The ABCs of LFPR. Mancuso, Whitney. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 17, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/09/the-abcs-of-lfpr.html?d=1&s=hcc

Disability, Unemployment, and Poverty. Hoff, David. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Fall 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/fall/disability-unemployment-and-poverty.htm

Broadband in the Labor Market: The Impact of Residential High Speed Internet on Married Women's Labor Force Participation. Dettling, Lisa J. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-65. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, September 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201365/201365pap.pdf

The Shadow Labor Supply. Davig, Troy, and José Mustre-del-Río. TEN Vol. 9, 2. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Fall 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/fall2013/TEN_Shadow_Labor.pdf

The Shadow Labor Supply and Its Implications for the Unemployment Rate. Davig, Troy, and José Mustre-del-Río. The Macro Bulletin. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, August 19, 2013. https://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/research/macrobulletins/mb13Davig-Mustre0819.pdf

Will a Surge in Labor Force Participation Impede Unemployment Rate Improvement? Hornstein, Andreas, and Karl Rhodes. Economic Brief 13-08. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, August 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2013/eb_13-08.cfm

Cyclical versus Secular: Decomposing the Recent Decline in U.S. Labor Force Participation. Barnes, Michelle L., Fabia Gumbau-Brisa, and Giovanni P. Olivei. Public Policy Brief 13-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, July 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/ppb/2013/ppb132.pdf

A Test for Selection in Matched Administrative Earnings Data. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-07. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, May 30, 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201307/201307abs.html

Labor Force Participation and the Unemployment Threshold. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 13, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/05/labor-force-participation-and-the-unemployment-threshold.html?d=1&s=hcc

Will Labor Force Participation Bounce Back? Gengali, Leila, Mary Daly, and Rob Valletta. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-14. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, May 13, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2013/el2013-14.html

Behavior's Place in the Labor Force Participation Rate Debate. Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 10, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/05/behaviors-place-in-the-labor-force-participation-rate-debate.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Labor Market, Monetary Policy, and Risks to the Economic Outlook. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Kiwanis Club of Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 2, 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/130402_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

How Has Labor Force Participation Changed in Kansas and Missouri? Brown, Jason. The Midwest Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Second Quarter 2013. https://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/me/me-2q-2013.pdf

Watching Labor Force Participation. Weinberg, John A. Econ Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/econ_focus/2013/q2/pdf/opinion.pdf

The Gender Unemployment Gap. Albanesi, Stefania, and Aysegül Sahin. Staff Report 613. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, April 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr613.html

On the Importance of the Participation Margin for Market Fluctuations. Elsby, Michael W. L., Bart Hobijn, and Aysegül Sahin. Working Paper 2013-05. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2013/wp2013-05.pdf

Human Capital in the Inner City. Aliprantis, Dionissi. Working Paper 13-02. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2013/wp1302.pdf

From "Man-Cession" to "He-Covery": Same Old, Same Old. Contessi, Silvio, and Li Li. Economic Synopses 3. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 18, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/9622

Is the FOMC’s Unemployment Rate Threshold a Good Idea? Thornton, Daniel L. Economic Synopses 1. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 4, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/9604

Unemployment among Recent Veterans during the Great Recession. Faberman, R. Jason, and Taft Foster. Economic Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, First Quarter 2013. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/economic_perspectives/2013/1Q2013_part1_faberman_foster.pdf

Will the Jobless Rate Drop Take a Break? Daly, Mary, Early Elias, Bart Hobijn, and Oscar Jorda. FRBSF Economic Letter 2012-37. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, December 17, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2012/el2012-37.html

Spotlight on Research: Early Labor Experiences of Young Men: Underlying Factors and Later Consequences. Smith, Marvin M. Cascade 79. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Winter 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/79/06_early-labor-experiences-of-young-men.cfm

The (Maybe Not So) Simple Arithmetic of Unemployment and Labor Force Participation. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 12, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/10/maybe-not-so-simple-arithmetic-of-unemployment-labor-force-participation.html?d=1&s=hcc

Labor Market Dynamics with Endogenous Labor Force Participation and On-the-Job Search. Tüzumen, Didem. Working Paper 12-07. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, October 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/reswkpap/pdf/rwp12-07.pdf

Potential Effects of the Great Recession on the U.S. Labor Market. Dickens, William T., and Robert K. Triest. Working Paper 12-9. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, September 12, 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2012/wp1209.htm

The Great Recession's Impact on Hours Worked and Employment. Aliprantis, Dionissi. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, August 29, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0912/01houcon.cfm

A Closer Look at Nonparticipants During and After the Great Recession. Hotchkiss, Julie L., M. Melinda Pitts, and Fernando Rios-Avila. Working Paper 2012-10. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1210.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Where Have All the Workers Gone? Romero, Jessie. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter/Third Quarter 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2012/q2-3/pdf/cover_story.pdf

Accounting for Unemployment in the Great Recession: Nonparticipation Matters. Kudlyak, Marianna, and Felipe Schwartzman. Working Paper 12-04. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 5, 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2012/wp_12-04.cfm

The Increased Role of Flows between Nonparticipation and Unemployment during the Great Recession and Recovery. Kudlyak, Marianna, and David A. Price. Economic Brief 12-06. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2012/eb_12-06.cfm

Will Labor Force Participation Continue to Rise? Pitts, Melinda. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 1, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/06/will-labor-force-participation-continue-to-rise.html?d=1&s=hcc

Labor Force Nonparticipants: So What Are They Doing? Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 11, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/05/labor-force-nonparticipants-so-what-are-they-doing.html?d=1&s=hcc

A Take on Labor Force Participation and the Unemployment Rate. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 10, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/05/a-take-on-labor-force-participation-and-the-unemployment-rate.html?d=1&s=hcc

Reconciling Contrasting Signals in the Labor Market: The Role of Participation. Albanesi, Stefania, Aysegül Sahin, and Joshua Abel. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 30, 2012. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2012/03/reconciling-contrasting-signals-in-the-labor-market-the-role-of-participation.html

Why Do So Few Women Work in New York (And So Many in Minneapolis)? Labor Supply of Married Women across U.S. Cities. Black, Dan A., Natalia Kolesnikova, and Lowell J. Taylor. Working Paper 2007-043H. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2007. Revised March 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2007/2007-043.pdf

Explaining the Decline in the U.S. Labor Force Participation Rate. Aaronson, Daniel, Jonathan Davis, and Luojia Hu. Chicago Fed Letter 296. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, March 2012. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2012/cflmarch2012_296.pdf

Lifetime Labor Supply and Human Capital Investment. Manuelli, Rodolfo E., Ananth Seshadri, and Yongseok Shin. Working Paper 2012-004A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, February 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2012/2012-004.pdf

Interpreting the Recent Decline in Labor Force Participation. Van Zandweghe, Willem. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, First Quarter 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/12q1VanZandweghe.pdf

Accounting for the Non-Employment of U.S. Men, 1968–2010. Kudlyak, Marianna, Thomas Lubik, and Jonathan Tompkins. Economic Quarterly Vol. 97, 4. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Fourth Quarter 2011. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_quarterly/2011/q4/pdf/kudlyak.pdf

The Collapse of the Labor Market for 16- to 24-Year-Olds. Fogg, Neeta P., and Paul E. Harrington. Cascade 78. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Fall 2011. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/78/04_collapse-of-16-to-24-labor-market.cfm

To Work or Not to Work: The Economics of a Mother's Dilemma. Hotchkiss, Julie L., M. Melinda Pitts, and Mary Beth Walker. Working Paper 2011-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/11_02.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Labor Force Participation and the Future Path of Unemployment. Kwok, Joyce, Mary Daly, and Bart Hobijn. FRBSF Economic Letter 2010-27. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, September 13, 2010. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2010/el2010-27.html

Recent Changes in Labor Force Participation: Trend or Cycle? DiCecio, Riccardo, and Charles S. Gascon. Economic Synopses 16. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 15, 2010. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/8243

Assessing the Impact of Education and Marriage on Labor Market Exit Decisions of Women. Hotchkiss, Julie L., M. Melinda Pitts, and Mary B. Walker. Working Paper 2010-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/working_paper_2010-2.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

It's Jobs, not Discouraged Workers. Hotchkiss, Julie, and Laurel Graefe. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 21, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/01/its-jobs-not-discouraged-workers.html?d=1&s=hcc

What's Up with the Young Folks? Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 7, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/01/whats-up-with-the-young-folks.html?d=1&s=hcc

OMG! Like, Where Are All the Teen Workers? Wirtz, Ronald A. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, September 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/fedgaz/09-09/teenlabor.pdf

Decomposing Changes in the Aggregate Labor Force Participation Rate. Hotchkiss, Julie L. Working Paper 2009-6a. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, 2009. Revised July 2009. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/working_paper_2009-6a.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Employing the Region's Assets: Baby Boomers Meeting New England's Skilled Workforce Needs. New England Public Policy Center's 4th Annual Conference. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 3, 2008. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/conferences/2008/workforce/

Are Income Gains Due to More Wives Working Longer Hours? Fitzgerald, Terry J. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, September 1, 2008. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/pub_display.cfm?id=4051

Aggregate Labor Force Participation. Lee, Yoonsoo, and Beth Mowry. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, August 14, 2008. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2008/0808/03ecoact.cfm

Productivity

Hours Worked and Unemployment: United States vs. Germany. Contessi, Silvio, and Li Li. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 14, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/07/hours-worked-and-unemployment-united-states-vs-germany/

Productivity and Potential Output Before, During, and After the Great Recession. Fernald, John G. Working Paper 2014-15. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, June 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/working-papers/wp2014-15.pdf

The Decline of Drudgery and the Paradox of Hard Work. Epstein, Brendan, and Miles S. Kimball. International Finance Discussion Paper 1106. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, June 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2014/1106/ifdp1106.pdf

Labor Markets in the Global Financial Crisis: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Daly, Mary C., John G. Fernald, Òscar Jordà, and Fernanda Nechio. Working Paper 2014-11. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2014-11.pdf

How Fast Will Labor Productivity Grow in the Long Run? Occhino, Filippo, and Jessica Ice. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 10, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2014/0314/01gropro.cfm

Keynesian Inefficiency and Optimal Policy: A New Monetarist Approach. Williamson, Stephen D. Working Paper 2014-009A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2014/2014-009.pdf

Finance and Productivity Growth: Firm-Level Evidence. Levine, Oliver, and Missaka Warusawitharana. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2014-17. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, February 24, 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2014/201417/201417pap.pdf

The Economic Outlook for 2014. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Rotary Club of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 13, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/140113_speech_lockhart.cfm

Can Intangible Capital Explain Cyclical Movements in the Labor Wedge? Gourio, François, and Leena Rudanko. Working Paper 2014-02. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, January 2014. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/working_papers/2014/wp2014_02.pdf

Parenthood and Productivity of Highly Skilled Labor: Evidence from the Groves of Academe. Krapf, Matthias, Heinrich W. Ursprung, and Christian Zimmermann. Working Paper 2014-001A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2014/2014-001.pdf

Parenthood and Productivity of Highly Skilled Labor: Evidence from the Groves of Academe. Krapf, Matthias, Heinrich W. Ursprung, and Christian Zimmermann. Working Paper 2014-001A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2014/2014-001.pdf

The Role of Total Hours Worked in Japan's (Lack of) GDP Growth. Sánchez, Juan M., and Emircan Yurdagul. Economic Synopses 34. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, December 20, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10011

Persistent Differences. Rappaport, Jordan. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Winter 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/winter2013/issue.pdf

A Model of Slow Recoveries from Financial Crises. Queralto, Albert. International Finance Discussion Paper 1097. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2013/1097/ifdp1097.pdf

Flexible Prices, Labor Market Frictions, and the Response of Employment to Technology Shocks. Mandelman, Federico S., and Francesco Zanetti. Working Paper 2013-16. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1316.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Output and Unemployment: How Do They Relate Today? Owyang, Michael T., E. Katarina Vermann, and Tatevik Sekhposyan. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2421

The Productivity Paradox: Is Technology Failing or Fueling Growth? Flowers, Andrew. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Fourth Quarter 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/13q4_technology.pdf

The New Normal? Slower R&D Spending. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 26, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/09/the-new-normal-slower-r-and-d-spending.html?d=1&s=hcc

Is the U.S. Economy Losing Its Dynamism? Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Creative Leadership Summit, Louise Blouin Foundation, New York, NY. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 23, 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/130923_speech_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Dynamics of Economic Dynamism. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 23, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/09/the-dynamics-of-economic-dynamism.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Impact of Regional and Sectoral Productivity Changes on the U.S. Economy. Caliendo, Lorenzo, Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, Fernando Parro, and Pierre-Daniel Sarte. Working Paper 13-14. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, September 16, 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2013/pdf/wp13-14.pdf

Job Reallocation over Time: Decomposing the Decline. Curtis, Mark. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 13, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/09/job-reallocation-over-time-decomposing-the-decline.html?d=1&s=hcc

Placing Manufacturing in Context. Speech by President Richard W. Fisher to the U.S. Manufacturing Summit, Orlando, FL. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, August 22, 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/news/speeches/fisher/2013/fs130822.cfm

GDP, Jobs, and Growth Accounting. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 16, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/08/gdp-jobs-and-growth-accounting.html?d=1&s=hcc

Gauging Regional Employer Sentiment. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 23, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/07/gauging-regional-employer-sentiment.html?d=1&s=hcc

Even One Is Too Much: The Economic Consequences of Being a Smoker. Hotchkiss, Julie L., and M. Melinda Pitts. Working Paper 2013-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1303.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Atlanta Fed President Lockhart: Labor Productivity a Key to Growth. Financial Update. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Third Quarter 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/financialupdate/13q3_lockhart_speech.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

A Balanced-Growth View of Men's and Women's Unbalanced Labor Market Recoveries. Zarazaga, Carlos E. J. M. Economic Letter Vol. 8, 3. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, June 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/research/eclett/2013/el1303.cfm

The Federal Reserve's Role in Supporting the U.S. Economy. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the International Economic Forum of the Americas, Palm Beach Strategic Forum, West Palm Beach, FL. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 8, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2013/Pianalto_20130408.cfm

Managing Information, Uncertainty, and Risk in Monetary Policy. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the CFA Society/RMA/CABE Luncheon Program, Cleveland, OH. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 27, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2013/Pianalto_20130327.cfm

Federal Reserve Forecasts: Asymmetry and State-Dependence. Caunedo, Julieta, Riccardo DiCecio, Ivana Komunjer, and Michael T. Owyang. Working Paper 2013-012A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2013/2013-012.pdf

Providing Balance while Managing Uncertainty. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the Bonita Estero Market Pulse conference, Bonita Springs, FL. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 15, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2013/Pianalto_20130215.cfm

Alabama's Outlook: A Little Better Than 2012. Chriszt, Michael. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 15, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/02/alabamas-outlook-a-little-better-than-2012.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Challenges of Growth and Employment. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Instituto de Impresas, Madrid, Spain. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 12, 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/130212_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Cyclicality of Job-to-Job Transitions and Its Implications for Aggregate Productivity. Mukoyama, Toshihiko. International Finance Discussion Paper 1074. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, February 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2013/1074/ifdp1074.pdf

Half-Full Glasses. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 1, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/02/half-full-glasses.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Effectiveness of the State Coincident Indexes. Novak, Jason. Research Rap Special Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, January 2013. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/research-rap/2012/the-effectiveness-of-the-state-coincident-indexes.pdf

Engineering a Paradox of Thrift Recession. Huo, Zhen, and José-Victor Rios-Rull. Staff Report 478. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, December 28, 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5022

Micro Data and Macro Technology. Oberfield, Ezra, and Devesh Raval. Working Paper 2012-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, November 16, 2012. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2012/wp_11.cfm

Productivity and Potential Output before, during, and after the Great Recession. Fernald, John. Working Paper 2012-18. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, September 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2012/wp12-18bk.pdf

A Quarterly, Utilization-Adjusted Series on Total Factor Productivity. Fernald, John. Working Paper 2012-19. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, September 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/working-papers/2012/wp12-19bk.pdf

Weekly Hours Worked: Another Recession Casualty. James, Jonathan. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 4, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0612/01labmar.cfm

Unmeasured Investment. Davies, Phil. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/region/12-06/Research_Digest_Unmeasured_Investment_June2012.pdf

The Labor Productivity Puzzle. McGrattan, Ellen R., and Edward C. Prescott. Working Paper 694. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Revised May 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/wp/wp694.pdf

Inventories, Inflation Dynamics and the New Keynesian Phillips Curve. Lubik, Thomas A., and Wing Leong Teo. Richmond Fed Research Digest. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/research_digest/pdf/digest_2012.pdf

Behind the Decline in Labor's Share of Income. Jacobson, Margaret, and Filippo Occhino. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 3, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0212/01gropro.cfm

Workforce Skills across the Urban-Rural Hierarchy. Abel, Jaison R., Todd M. Gabe, and Kevin Stolarick. Staff Report 552. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 2012. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr552.pdf

Lifetime Labor Supply and Human Capital Investment. Manuelli, Rodolfo E., Ananth Seshadri, and Yongseok Shin. Working Paper 2012-004A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, February 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2012/2012-004.pdf

Is the Recent Productivity Boom Over? Wilson, Daniel. FRBSF Economic Letter 2010-28. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, September 20, 2010. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2010/el2010-28.html

Not Your Father's Recovery: The Changing Dynamics of Labor Productivity. Todd, Tim. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Fall 2010. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/fall2010/labor.pdf

The Effect of Immigrants on U.S. Employment and Productivity. Peri, Giovanni. FRBSF Economic Letter 2010-26. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, August 30, 2010. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2010/el2010-26.html

A Curious Unemployment Picture Gets More Curious. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 16, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/07/a-curious-unemployment-picture-gets-more-curious.html?d=1&s=hcc

Why Have the Dynamics of Labor Productivity Changed? Van Zandweghe, Willem. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Third Quarter 2010. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/10q3VanZandweghe.pdf

Increasing Hours Worked versus Increasing Hiring. Ellingson, Amy. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 25, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/06/increasing-hours-worked-versus-increasing-hiring.html?d=1&s=hcc

Sources of Employment Uncertainty. Speech by President Dennis P. Lockhart to the Atlanta Technical College Business and Industry Breakfast, Atlanta, GA. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 3, 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/lockhart_060310.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Recovery: Job Rich or Job Poor? Robertson, John, and Pedro Silos. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 3, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/06/the-recovery-job-rich-or-job-poor.html?d=1&s=hcc

Hours and Labor Market Slack. Tasci, Murat, and Beth Mowry. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 7, 2010. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2010/0410/01labmar.cfm

Why Income Per Worker Differs Worldwide. DiCecio, Riccardo. Economic Synopses 7. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 16, 2010. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/10/ES1007.pdf

Okun's Law and the Unemployment Surprise of 2009. Daly, Mary, and Bart Hobijn. FRBSF Economic Letter 2010-07. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 8, 2010. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2010/el2010-07.html

Is Good News Hidden in Bad Employment Numbers? Altig, David. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 5, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/02/good-news-in-bad-employment-numbers.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Outlook for Productivity Growth: Symposium Summary. Doms, Mark. FRBSF Economic Letter 2009-11. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 20, 2009. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2009/el2009-11.html

Aggregate Labor Force Participation. Lee, Yoonsoo, and Beth Mowry. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, August 14, 2008. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2008/0808/03ecoact.cfm

Wages/earnings, benefits

Why Is Economic Mobility in Memphis among the Lowest in the Nation? Badel, Alejandro, and Julia S. Maues. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2531

The Implications of Flat or Declining Real Wages for Inequality. Hotchkiss, Julie L. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 30, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/06/the-implications-of-flat-or-declining-real-wages-for-inequality.html?d=1&s=hcc

Atlanta Fed's Altig Talks Economic Rebound. Altig, Dave. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 25, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/conferences/14econversations.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Personal Income Weak across Ninth District in First Quarter. Madden, Toby. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 25, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/06/personal-income-in-all-ninth-district-states-grew-less-than-the-national-average-in-the-first-quarter-of-2014-according-to-j.html

Labor-Market Uncertainty and Portfolio Choice Puzzles. Chang, Yongsung, Jay H. Hong, and Marios Karabarbounis. Working Paper 14-13. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 16, 2014. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2014/pdf/wp14-13.pdf

The Effect of Labor Slack on Wages: Evidence from State-Level Relationships. Smith, Christopher L. FEDS Notes. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, June 2, 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/notes/feds-notes/2014/effect-of-labor-slack-on-wages-evidence-from-state-level-relationships-20140602.html

Why Do Earnings Fall with Job Displacement? Carrington, William J., and Bruce C. Fallick. Working Paper 14-05. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2014/wp1405.pdf

Do the Benefits of College Still Outweigh the Costs? Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Current Issues in Economics and Finance Vol. 20, 3. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 2014. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/current_issues/ci20-3.html

Minnesota Trades Union Workers Seeing Wage Growth. Madden, Toby. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 13, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/05/minnesota-trades-union-workers-seeing-wage-growth.html

Capital Goods Trade and Economic Development. Mutreja, Piyusha, B. Ravikumar, and Michael Sposi. Working Paper 2014-012A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2014/2014-012.pdf

Minimum Wages and Firm Employment: Evidence from China. Huang, Yi, Prakash Loungani, and Gewei Wang. Working Paper 173. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, April 2014. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/institute/wpapers/2014/0173.pdf

Would Increasing the Minimum Wage Reduce Poverty? Wolla, Scott A. Page One Economics Classroom Edition. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/pageone-economics/uploads/newsletter/2014/PageOneCRE_0314_Minimum_Wage.pdf

The Long and Short of It: The Impact of Unemployment Duration on Compensation Growth. Linder, M. Henry, Richard Peach, and Robert Rich. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 12, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/02/the-long-and-short-of-it-the-impact-of-unemployment-duration-on-compensation-growth-.html

Concluding Remarks from a Speech Before the Financial Executives International. Speech by President Richard W. Fisher to the Dallas and Fort Worth chapters of Financial Executives International, Dallas, TX. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, February 11, 2014. http://www.dallasfed.org/news/speeches/fisher/2014/fs140211.cfm

The Prospects of Non-College-Bound Workers in the Fourth District. Richter, Francisca G., and Lisa Nelson. A Look behind the Numbers. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 10, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/community_development/publications/albtn/v7_1/index.cfm

Scraping By: Income and Program Participation after the Loss of Extended Unemployment Benefits. Rothstein, Jesse, and Robert G. Valletta. Working Paper 2014-06. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2014-06.pdf

The Economic Outlook for 2014. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Rotary Club of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 13, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/140113_speech_lockhart.cfm

Help Wanted: Limited Hours and Benefits. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, January 8, 2014. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2014/01/its-widely-perceived-that-the-post-2009-employment-recovery-has-been-dominated-by-temporary-and-part-time-jobs-that-typica.html

Market-Based Incentives. Grochulski, Borys, and Yuzhe Zhang. Working Paper 13-05R. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2013. Revised December 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2013/pdf/wp13-05.pdf

The Fed, Education, and the Future of Jobs and Pay in OKC. Wilkerson, Chad. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, November 14, 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/speeches/2013Wilkerson-OKCChamberBODRetreat-Ardmore-11-13.pdf

Firm Dynamics and the Minimum Wage: A Putty-Clay Approach. Aaronson, Daniel, Eric French, and Isaac Sorkin. Working Paper 2013-26. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, November 2013. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/working_papers/2013/wp2013_26.pdf

Human Capital and Long-Run Labor Income Risk. Benzoni, Luca, and Olena Chyruk. Working Paper 2013-16. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, November 29, 2013. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/working_papers/2013/wp2013_16.pdf

Does Foreign Labor Hurt U.S.-Born Workers? Davies, Phil. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 17, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5189

The Effect of Unemployment Duration on Future Earnings and Other Outcomes. Cooper, Daniel. Working Paper 13-8. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, October 10, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2013/wp1308.pdf

Delving into Labor Markets. Rogerson, Richard, Robert Shimer, and Melinda Pitts. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 9, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/10/delving-into-labor-markets.html?d=1&s=hcc

Refugees: From Mayhem to Minnesota. Davies, Phil. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, October 3, 2013. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2013/10/tens-of-thousands-of-refugees-from-global-strife-have-settled-in-the-ninth-district-over-the-past-decade-contributing-to-the.html

Myth and Reality: The Low-Wage Job Machine. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 9, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/08/myth-and-reality-the-low-wage-job-machine.html?d=1&s=hcc

The ACA and Uncertainty around Business Health Care Insurance Premiums. Terry, Ellyn. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 8, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/08/the-aca-and-uncertainty-around-business-health-care-insurance-premiums.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Path of Wage Growth and Unemployment. Daly, Mary C., Bart Hobijn, and Timothy Ni. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-20. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, July 15, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2013/july/wages-unemployment-rate/

For Hispanics, Border Wage Gap Reflects Education, English Divide. English, Christina. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Third Quarter 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2013/swe1303g.pdf

Say on Pay Laws, Executive Compensation, CEO Pay Slice, and Firm Value around the World. Correa, Ricardo, and Ugur Lel. International Finance Discussion Paper 1084. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, July 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2013/1084/ifdp1084.pdf

Wealth Inequality among the Forbes 400 and U.S. Households Overall. Nagayama, Fuyuo. Research Rap Special Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, July 2013. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/research-rap/2013/wealth-inequality-among-forbes-400-and-us-households-overall.pdf

Even One Is Too Much: The Economic Consequences of Being a Smoker. Hotchkiss, Julie L., and M. Melinda Pitts. Working Paper 2013-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1303.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Land of Opportunity? Economic Mobility in the United States. Athreya, Kartik, and Jessie Romero. Economic Brief 13-07. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, July 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2013/pdf/eb_13-07.pdf

Whose Income Is at Risk during Economic Declines? Davies, Phil. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 10, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5114

Inferring Labor Income Risk and Partial Insurance from Economic Choices. Guvenen, Fatih, and Anthony Smith. Research Department Staff Report 485. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr485.pdf

Implications of Risks and Rewards in College Decisions. Athreya, Kartik, and David A. Price. Economic Brief 13-06. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2013/pdf/eb_13-06.pdf

Downward Nominal Wage Rigidities Bend the Phillips Curve. Daly, Mary C., and Bart Hobijn. Working Paper 2013-08. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, June 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2013/wp2013-08.pdf

What Flattened the Earnings Profile of Recent College Graduates? Kong, Yu-Chien, and B. Ravikumar. Economic Synopses 14. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 30, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/13/ES_14_2013-05-30.pdf

A Test for Selection in Matched Administrative Earnings Data. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-07. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, May 30, 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201307/201307abs.html

Higher Sales Activity, Need for Specialized Staff Have Ninth District Businesses Looking to Hire. Madden, Toby. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 22, 2013. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2013/05/higher-sales-activity-need-for-specialized-staff-have-businesses-looking-to-hire.html

Labor Costs, Inflation Expectations, and the Affordable Care Act: What Businesses Are Telling Us. Bryan, Mike, Brent Meyer, and Nicholas Parker. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 16, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/05/labor-costs-inflation-expectations-and-the-affordable-care-act.html?d=1&s=hcc

My Two (Per)cents: How Are American Workers Dealing with the Payroll Tax Hike? Zafar, Basit, Max Livingston, and Wilbert van der Klaauw. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, May 15, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/05/my-two-percents-how-are-american-workers-dealing-with-the-payroll-tax-hike.html

Brakken Activity: How Wide Is the Ripple Effect? Batbold, Dulguun, and Rob Grunewald. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 7, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5098

Higher Education: A Deflating Bubble? Tkac, Paula, and Michael Chriszt. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 12, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/04/higher-education-a-deflating-bubble.html?d=1&s=hcc

Who Is Concealing Earnings and Still Collecting Unemployment Benefits? Fuller, David L., B. Ravikumar, and Yuzhe Zhang. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2359

Job Search Behavior: Lessons from Online Job Search. Kudlyak, Marianna, and Jessie Romero. Economic Brief 13-04. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, April 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2013/eb_13-04.cfm

The Rise of the West: More than Just an Oil Story. Holtemeyer, Brian, and Ronald A. Wirtz. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5075

U.S. Economic Mobility: The Dream and the Data. Bengali, Leila, and Mary Daly. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-06. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 4, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2013/el2013-06.html

Persistence of Regional Inequality in China. Candelaria, Christopher, Mary Daly, and Galina Hale. Working Paper 2013-06. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2013/wp2013-06.pdf

Mapping New England: Need for Food Stamps. Mauricio, Kaili. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/spring/mapping-new-england-need-for-food-stamps.htm

Supplemental Security Income, Welfare Reform, and the Recession. Schmidt, Lucie. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/spring/supplemental-security-income-welfare-reform-and-the-recession.htm

The Stolper-Samuelson Effects of a Decline in Aggregate Consumption. Luttmer, Erzo G. J. Working Paper 703. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, February 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5051

Half-Full Glasses. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 1, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/02/half-full-glasses.html?d=1&s=hcc

Do Public Pension Obligations Affect State Funding Costs? Burson, Jean, John Carlson, O. Emre Ergungor, and Patricia Waiwood. Working Paper 13-01. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2013/wp1301.pdf

Two Leaps Forward, One Step Back for Regional Labor Markets. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 25, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/01/two-leaps-forward-one-step-back-for-regional-labor-markets.html?d=1&s=hcc

Sticky Wages. Haltom, Renee. Econ Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, First Quarter 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/econ_focus/2013/q1/pdf/jargon_alert.pdf

The 12th District Community Indicators Project. Vantage Point. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/files/vantage-point-january-2013.pdf

The Effectiveness of the State Coincident Indexes. Novak, Jason. Research Rap Special Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, January 2013. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/research-rap/2012/the-effectiveness-of-the-state-coincident-indexes.pdf

On the Record: Hispanic Workforce Faces Smaller but Persistent Education, Wage Gaps. Mora, Marie T. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, First Quarter 2013. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2013/swe1301d.pdf

Out of the Shadows: Worker Pay, Benefits Could Rise with Immigration Law Revamp. Orrenius, Pia, Michael Weiss, and Madeline Zavodny. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, First Quarter 2013. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2013/swe1301f.pdf

The Low- and Moderate-Income Population in Recession and Recovery: Results from a New Survey. Edmiston, Kelly D. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, First Quarter 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/13q1Edmiston.pdf

The Vanishing Middle: Job Polarization and Workers' Response to the Decline in Middle-Skill Jobs. Tüzumen, Didem, and Jonathan Willis. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, First Quarter 2013. https://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/13q1Tuzemen-Willis.pdf

A Boost in the Paycheck: Survey Evidence on Workers' Response to the 2011 Payroll Tax Cuts. Graziani, Grant, Wilbert van der Klaauw, and Basit Zafar. Staff Report 592. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, January 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/index.html

Expected Income Growth and the Great Recession. French, Eric, Taylor Kelley, and An Qi. Economic Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, First Quarter 2013. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/economic_perspectives/2013/1q_french_kelley_qi.cfm

Engineering a Paradox of Thrift Recession. Huo, Zhen, and José-Victor Rios-Rull. Staff Report 478. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, December 28, 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5022

The Nature of Countercyclical Income Risk. Guvenen, Fatih, Serdar Ozkan, and Jae Song. Staff Report 476. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, December 3, 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5002

Spotlight on Research: Early Labor Experiences of Young Men: Underlying Factors and Later Consequences. Smith, Marvin M. Cascade 79. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Winter 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/79/06_early-labor-experiences-of-young-men.cfm

The Impact of Managed Care on the Gender Earnings Gap among Physicians. Sasser Modestino, Alicia. Working Paper 13-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, November 16, 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2013/wp1301.htm

Technology, Unionization, and Income Inequality. Rubinstein, Seth. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Fourth Quarter 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2012/q4/pdf/research_spotlight.pdf

Book Review: The Quest for Prosperity. Price, David A. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Fourth Quarter 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2012/q4/pdf/book_review.pdf

Job Polarization and Rising Inequality in the Nation and the New York-Northern New Jersey Region. Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Current Issues in Economics and Finance Vol. 18, 7. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, October 1, 2012. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/current_issues/ci18-7.pdf

Wages and Unemployment across Business Cycles: A High-Frequency Investigation. Fang, Lei, and Pedro Silos. Working Paper 2012-16. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1216.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Labor's Declining Share of Income and Rising Inequality. Jacobson, Margaret, and Filippo Occhino. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 25, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/Commentary/2012/2012-13.cfm

The College Wage Premium. James, Jonathan. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, August 8, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2012/2012-10.pdf

Relative Pay and Labor Supply. Bracha, Anat, and Uri Gneezy. Working Paper 12-6. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, August 7, 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2012/wp1206.pdf

Taking the Pulse of Regional Low-Wage Workers. Quispe-Agnoli, Myriam, and Karen Leone de Nie. Partners Update. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July/August 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/partnersupdate/12no4_labor_force.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

El Paso and Texas Border Cities Close the Gap in Per Capita Income. Gilmer, Robert W., and Roberto Coronado. Crossroads. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, July 2012. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/crossroads/2012/cross1202.pdf

Job Polarization in the Region. Speech by President William C. Dudley to the Quarterly Regional Economic Press Briefing, New York, NY. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, May 30, 2012. http://www.newyorkfed.org/newsevents/speeches/2012/dud120530.html

Just Released: Regional Economic Press Briefing on Job Polarization and Rising Inequality. Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, May 30, 2012. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2012/05/just-released-regional-press-briefing-on-job-polarization-and-rising-inequality.html

A Boost in Your Paycheck: How Are U.S. Workers Using the Payroll Tax Cut? Zafar, Basit, Grant Graziani, and Wilbert van der Klaauw. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, May 9, 2012. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2012/05/a-boost-in-your-paycheck-how-are-us-workers-using-the-payroll-tax-cut.html

Dissecting Aggregate Real Wage Fluctuations: Individual Wage Growth and the Composition Effect. Daly, Mary C., Bart Hobijn, and Theodore S. Wiles. Working Paper 2011-23. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, May 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2011/wp11-23bk.pdf

Frictional Wage Dispersion in Search Models: A Quantitative Assessment. Hornstein, Andreas, Per Krusell, and Giovanni L. Violante. Richmond Fed Research Digest. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/research_digest/pdf/digest_2012.pdf

Regional Differences in Household Income. Oliver, Nelson, and Stephan Whitaker. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 1, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0512/01regeco.cfm

Is the Composition of Job Growth Behind Slow Income Growth? Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 13, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/04/is-the-composition-of-job-growth-behind-slow-income-growth.html?d=1&s=hcc

Why Has Wage Growth Stayed Strong? Daly, Mary, Bart Hobijn, and Brian Lucking. FRBSF Economic Letter 2012-10. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 2, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2012/el2012-10.html

The Wage Impact of Undocumented Workers. Hotchkiss, Julie L., Myriam Quispe-Agnoli, and Fernando Rios-Avila. Working Paper 2012-4. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/12_04.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Inequality and Redistribution during the Great Recession. Perri, Fabrizio, and Joe Steinberg. Economic Policy Paper 12-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, February 21, 2012. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4819

Behind the Decline in Labor's Share of Income. Jacobson, Margaret, and Filippo Occhino. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 3, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0212/01gropro.cfm

The Role of Location in Evaluating Racial Wage Disparity. Black, Dan A., Natalia Kolesnikova, Seth G. Sanders, and Lowell J. Taylor. Working Paper 2009-043C. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, September 2009. Revised February 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2009/2009-043.pdf

Human Capital Portfolios. Silos, Pedro, and Eric Smith. Working Paper 2012-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/12_03.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Does Employing Undocumented Workers Give Firms a Competitive Advantage? Brown, J. David, Julie L. Hotchkiss, and Myriam Quispe-Agnoli. Working Paper 2012-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/12_02.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Quantifying the Role of Federal and State Taxes in Mitigating Wage Inequality. Cooper, Daniel H., Byron F. Lutz, and Michael G. Palumbo. Working Paper 2012-05. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, January 12, 2012. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2012/201205/201205pap.pdf

The Earnings Impact of a Job Loss. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 22, 2011. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2011/11/earnings-impact-of-a-job-loss.html?d=1&s=hcc

Gender Wage Gap May Be Much Smaller Than Most Think. Kolesnikova, Natalia A., and Yang Liu. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2011. http://stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2160

The Gender Wage Gap. Kolesnikova, Natalia A., and Yang Liu. Economic Synopses 25. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, August 29, 2011. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/11/ES1125.pdf

Decomposing the Education Wage Gap: Everything but the Kitchen Sink. Hotchkiss, Julie, and Menbere Shiferaw. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review Vol. 93, 4. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July/August 2011. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/11/07/hotchkiss.pdf

Cross-Country Income Convergence Revisited. Barseghyan, Levon, and Riccardo DiCecio. Working Paper 2010-021B. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2010. Revised April 2011. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2010/2010-021.pdf

The Wage Premium Puzzle and the Quality of Human Capital. Marquis, Milton H., Bharat Trehan, and Wuttipan Tantivong. Working Paper 2011-06. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 2011. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2011/wp11-06bk.pdf

Understanding Permanent Black-White Earning Inequality. Badel, Alejandro. Working Paper 2010-047B. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2010. Revised December 2010. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2010/2010-047.pdf

Degrees of Job Security. Chung, Wonho, Phil Davies, and Terry J. Fitzgerald. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, December 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/region/10-12/jobsecurity.pdf

The Contribution of the Minimum Wage to U.S. Wage Inequality over Three Decades: A Reassessment. Autor, David, Alan Manning, and Christopher L. Smith. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2010-60. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, November 2010. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2010/201060/201060pap.pdf

Education Wage Gap. Research Insights podcast series, Julie Hotchiss. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/researchinsights/10sep07_hotchkiss.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Public Pensions and Labor Supply over the Life Cycle. French, Eric, and John Bailey Jones. Working Paper 2010-09. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, August 31, 2010. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2010/wp_09.cfm

The Cyclical Price of Labor When Wages Are Smoothed. Kudlyak, Marianna. Working Paper 10-13. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, August 2010. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2010/pdf/wp10-13.pdf

Human Capital Values and Returns: Bounds Implied by Earnings and Asset Returns Data. Huggett, Mark, and Greg Kaplan. Research Department Staff Report 448. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr448.pdf

Taxes, Wages and Human Capital. Clement, Douglas. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 2010. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/region/10-06/rdtaxes.pdf

Wage Setting Patterns and Monetary Policy: International Evidence. Olivei, Giovanni, and Silvana Tenreyro. Working Paper 10-8. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, June 2010. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2010/wp1008.htm

Some Evidence on the Importance of Sticky Wages. Barattieri, Alessandro, Susanto Basu, and Peter Gottschalk. Working Paper 10-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, June 2010. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2010/wp1011.htm

Are Wages Rigid over the Business Cycle? Kudlyak, Marianna. Economic Quarterly Vol. 96, 2. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter 2010. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_quarterly/2010/q2/pdf/kudlyak.pdf

The Unemployment Gender Gap during the 2007 Recession. Sahin, Aysegül, Joseph Song, and Bart Hobijn. Current Issues in Economics and Finance Vol. 16, 2. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 2010. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/current_issues/ci16-2.pdf

Texas' Latino Pay Gaps: Taking a Closer Look. Kerr, Emily, Pia Orrenius, and Madeline Zavodny. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, First Quarter 2010. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2010/swe1001c.pdf

Job Separations, Heterogeneity, and Earnings Inequality. Amaral, Pedro S. Working Paper 09-10. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, December 2009. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2009/wp0910.pdf

Taxation of Human Capital and Wage Inequality: A Cross-Country Analysis. Guvenen, Fatih, Burhanettin Kuruscu, and Serdar Ozkan. Research Department Staff Report 438. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, November 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr438.pdf

Getting to the Bottom of Texas' Latino Pay Gap. Orrenius, Pia, Madeline Zavodny, and Emily Kerr. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Fourth Quarter 2009. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2009/swe0904b.pdf

Wage Dispersion and Wage Dynamics within and across Firms. Carrillo-Tudela, Carlos, and Eric Smith. Working Paper 2009-22. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 2009. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/working_paper_2009-22.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Sector-Specific Human Capital and the Distribution of Earnings. Smith, Eric. Working Paper 2009-21. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 2009. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/working_paper_2009-21.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Education and Earnings. Smith, Douglas C. Liber8 Economic Information Newsletter. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, August 2009. http://research.stlouisfed.org/pageone-economics/uploads/newsletter/2009/200908.pdf

Employer Health Benefits and Insurance Expansions: Hawaii's Experience. Buchmueller, Tom, John Dinardo, and Rob Valletta. FRBSF Economic Letter 2009-21. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, June 29, 2009. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2009/el2009-21.html

A Quantitative Analysis of the Evolution of the U.S. Wage Distribution: 1970–2000. Guvenen, Fatih, and Burhanettin Kuruscu. Staff Report 427. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr427.pdf

Explaining Trends in Wages, Work and Occupations. Autor, David H. Chicago Fed Letter 261. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, April 2009. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2009/april_261.cfm

A Theory of Outsourcing and Wage Decline. Holmes, Thomas J., and Julia Thornton Snider. Working Paper 669. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, March 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/wp/wp669.pdf

The Elasticity of the Unemployment Rate with Respect to Benefits. Christoffel, Kai, and Keith Kuester. Working Paper 08-15. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, August 11, 2008. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2008/wp08-15.pdf

Higher Minimum Wage Looms Large in Texas. Orrenius, Pia M., Madeline Zavodny, and Weihua Li. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, July/August 2008. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2008/swe0804b.pdf

Earnings Inequality within the Urban United States: 2000 to 2006. Wheeler, Christopher H. Research Report. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2008. http://stlouisfed.org/community_development/assets/pdf/Income_Inequality_report.pdf

Positive and Normative Effects of a Minimum Wage. Rocheteau, Guillame, and Murat Tasci. Working Paper 08-01. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 2008. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2008/wp0801.pdf

Unemployment

Inflation, Phillips Curve

Another Year of Modest Growth. Patel, Shalini. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Fourth Quarter 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/13q4_regional.pdf

Firms Expect Health Act to Raise Labor Costs. Jordan, Amy, and Pia Orrenius. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Third Quarter 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2013/swe1303f.pdf

Downward Nominal Wage Rigidities Bend the Phillips Curve. Daly, Mary C., and Bart Hobijn. Working Paper 2013-08. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, June 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2013/wp2013-08.pdf

The Federal Reserve's Role in Supporting the U.S. Economy. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the International Economic Forum of the Americas, Palm Beach Strategic Forum, West Palm Beach, FL. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 8, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2013/Pianalto_20130408.cfm

Managing Information, Uncertainty, and Risk in Monetary Policy. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the CFA Society/RMA/CABE Luncheon Program, Cleveland, OH. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 27, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2013/Pianalto_20130327.cfm

Monetary Policy and Financial Stability. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the Business and Industry Association of New Hampshire and the New Hampshire Bankers Association, Manchester, NH. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, March 27, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2013/032713/

What the Dual Mandate Looks Like. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 1, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/03/what-the-dual-mandate-looks-like.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Economy and Fed Policy: Follow the Demand. Williams, John C. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-05. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 25, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2013/el2013-05.html

Providing Balance while Managing Uncertainty. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the Bonita Estero Market Pulse conference, Bonita Springs, FL. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 15, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2013/Pianalto_20130215.cfm

Weaving a Web for Watching Indicators. Altig, Dave. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/13q1_fed_at_issue.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

The Fed’s Latest Balance-Sheet Policy: What Constitutes Substantial Labor-Market Improvement? Bullard, James. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2317

High Unemployment Points to Below-Target (But Still Stable) Inflation. Atkinson, Tyler, and Evan F. Koenig. Economic Letter Vol. 7, 12. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, October 2012. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/eclett/2012/el1212.pdf

Uncertainty, Unemployment, and Inflation. Leduc, Sylvain, and Zheng Liu. FRBSF Economic Letter 2012-28. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, September 17, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2012/el2012-28.html

Inventories, Inflation Dynamics and the New Keynesian Phillips Curve. Lubik, Thomas A., and Wing Leong Teo. Richmond Fed Research Digest. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/research_digest/pdf/digest_2012.pdf

Slow Employment Recoveries, Monetary Policy, and Expected Inflation. Carlson, John B., and John Lindner. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 27, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0512/01monpol.cfm

Unemployment, Labor Costs, and Recessions: Implications for the Inflation Outlook. Fee, Kyle, and Mark E. Schweitzer. Economic Commentary 2011-17. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 7, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2011/2011-17.pdf

How Does Slack Influence Inflation? Peach, Richard, Robert Rich, and Anna Cororaton. Current Issues in Economics and Finance Vol. 17, 3. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 2011. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/current_issues/ci17-3.html

Do Labor Market Activities Help Predict Inflation? Hu, Luojia, and Maude Toussaint-Comeau. Economic Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Second Quarter 2010. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/economic_perspectives/2010/2qtr2010_part2_hu_toussaint_comeau.pdf

Job Search

Labor Force Issues. Speech by Senior Economist Kelly D. Edmiston to the Professional Development Teacher Workshop, Kansas City, Missouri. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, June 17, 2014. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/speeches/2014-Edmiston-Teacherworkshop-Kansas%20City-05-07.pdf

Looking Beyond the Job-Finding Rate: The Difficulty of Finding Full-Time Work. Robertson, John, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 9, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/06/looking-beyond-the-job-finding-rate-the-difficulty-of-finding-full-time-work-.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Recession's Effect on Job Churn. Wiczer, David. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 19, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/the-recessions-effect-on-job-churn/

The Intensity of Job Search and Search Duration. Faberman, R. Jason, and Marianna Kudlyak. Working Paper 14-12. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2014. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2014/wp_14-12.cfm

New Data Sources: A Conversation with Google's Hal Varian. Curtis, Mark. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 28, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/04/new-data-sources-a-conversation-with-googles-hal-varian.html?d=1&s=hcc

Job Searching: Some Methods Yield Better Results Than Others. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 20, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/the-way-you-look-for-a-job-matters/

Why Is the Job-Finding Rate Still Low? Gregory, Victoria, Christina Patterson, Aysegül Sahin, and Giorgio Topa. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 19, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/02/why-is-the-job-finding-rate-still-low.html

Labor Market Upheaval, Default Regulations, and Consumer Debt. Athreya, Kartik, Juan M. Sánchez, Xuan S. Tam, and Eric R. Young. Working Paper 2014-002A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2014/2014-002.pdf

Job Searching: Some Methods Yield Better Results than Others. Eubanks, James D., and David G. Wiczer. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2469

Another Year of Modest Growth. Patel, Shalini. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Fourth Quarter 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/13q4_regional.pdf

Do Big Cities Help College Graduates Find Better Jobs? Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, May 20, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/05/do-big-cities-help-college-graduates-find-better-jobs.html

Systematic Job Search: New Evidence from Individual Job Application Data. Kudlyak, Marianna, Damba Lkhagvasuren, and Roman Sysuyev. Working Paper 12-03R. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, April 2012. Revised May 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2012/pdf/wp12-03.pdf

Job Search Behavior: Lessons from Online Job Search. Kudlyak, Marianna, and Jessie Romero. Economic Brief 13-04. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, April 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2013/eb_13-04.cfm

Long-Term Unemployment: What Do We Know? Valletta, Rob. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-03. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 4, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2013/el2013-03.html

The Cyclicality of Job-to-Job Transitions and Its Implications for Aggregate Productivity. Mukoyama, Toshihiko. International Finance Discussion Paper 1074. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, February 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2013/1074/ifdp1074.pdf

Job Polarization Leaves Middle-Skilled Workers out in the Cold. Canon, Maria E., and Elise Marifian. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2315

Labor Market Dynamics with Endogenous Labor Force Participation and On-the-Job Search. Tüzumen, Didem. Working Paper 12-07. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, October 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/reswkpap/pdf/rwp12-07.pdf

An Empirical Analysis of On-the-Job Search and Job-to-Job Transitions. Fujita, Shigeru. Working Paper 10-34/R. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, October 2010. Revised August 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2010/wp10-34R.pdf

Frictional Wage Dispersion in Search Models: A Quantitative Assessment. Hornstein, Andreas, Per Krusell, and Giovanni L. Violante. Richmond Fed Research Digest. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/research_digest/pdf/digest_2012.pdf

Aggregate Labour Market Dynamics in Hong Kong. Lubik, Thomas A. Richmond Fed Research Digest. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/research_digest/pdf/digest_2012.pdf

Credentials that Work: Innovations in Labor Market Information. Dorrer, John, Myriam Milfort, and Jeremy Kelley. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2012/spring/credentials-that-work.htm

On-the-Job Search and the Cyclical Dynamics of the Labor Market. Krause, Michael U., and Thomas A. Lubik. Working Paper 10-12. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 2010. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2010/pdf/wp10-12.pdf

Worker Flows and Job Flows: A Quantitative Investigation. Fujita, Shigeru, and Makoto Nakajima. Working Paper 09-33. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, November 2009. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2009/wp09-33.pdf

On-the-Job Search, Sticky Prices, and Persistence. Van Zandweghe, Willem. Working Paper 09-03. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, January 2009. Revised October 2009. http://www.kansascityfed.org/PUBLICAT/RESWKPAP/PDF/rwp09-03.pdf

Job Search with Bidder Memories. Carillo-Tudela, Carlos, Guido Menzio, and Eric Smith. Working Paper 2009-28. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 2009. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/working_paper_2009-28.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Joint-Search Theory: New Opportunities and New Frictions. Guler, Bulent, Fatih Guvenen, and Giovanni L. Violante. Research Department Staff Report 426. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr426.pdf

Diagnosing Labor Market Search Models: A Multiple-Shock Approach. Beauchemin, Kenneth, and Murat Tasci. Working Paper 08-13. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, December 2008. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2008/wp0813.pdf

Mismatch, Beveridge Curve, structural

The Beveridge Curve. Zimmermann, Christian. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 29, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/05/the-beveridge-curve/

The Welfare Costs of Skill-Mismatch Employment. Arseneau, David M., and Brendan Epstein. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-42. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, April 2014. Revised June 2, 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2014/201442/201442pap.pdf

What's Holding Back Job Growth? Davidson, Charles, and Lela Somoza. 2013 Annual Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 17, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/annualreport/13ar/polarization.html?d=1&s=hcc

Human Capital Dynamics and the U.S. Labor Market. Fang, Lei, and Jun Nie. Working Paper 2014-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1402.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Starting Early in Workforce Development. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the Charlotte Branch Conference Center, Charlotte, NC. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, November 5, 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2013/lacker_speech_20131105.cfm

The Shifting and Twisting Beveridge Curve: An Aggregate Perspective. Lubik, Thomas A. Working Paper 13-16. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, October 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2013/wp_13-16.cfm

The Time-Varying Beveridge Curve. Benati, Luca, and Thomas A. Lubik. Working Paper 13-12. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, August 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2013/wp_13-12.cfm

Beveridge Curve Shifts across Countries since the Great Recession. Hobijn, Bart, and Aysegül Sahin. Working Paper 2012-24. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, July 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2012/wp12-24bk.pdf

Are Recent College Graduates Finding Good Jobs? Speech by President William C. Dudley to the Quarterly Regional Economic Press Briefing, New York , NY. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 27, 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/newsevents/speeches/2013/dud130627.html

Just Released: Are Recent College Graduates Finding Good Jobs? Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 27, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/06/just-released-are-recent-college-graduates-finding-good-jobs.html

Underemployment, College Graduates, and the Recession. James, Jon, and Christopher Vecchio. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 21, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0713/01regeco.cfm

Cyclical Unemployment, Structural Unemployment. Diamond, Peter. Working Paper 13-5. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, June 14, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2013/wp1305.pdf

Mismatch Unemployment. Sahin, Aysegül, Joseph Song, Giorgio Topa, and Giovanni L. Violante. Staff Report 566. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, August 2012. Revised June 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr566.pdf

Labor Mismatch in the Great Recession: A Review of Indexes Using Recent U.S. Data. Canon, Maria E., Mingyu Chen, and Elise A. Marifian. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May/June 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/13/03/237-272Canon.pdf

A Decomposition of Shifts of the Beveridge Curve. Ghayad, Rand. Public Policy Brief 13-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, May 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/ppb/2013/ppb131.pdf

House Lock and Structural Unemployment. Valletta, Robert G. Working Paper 2012-25. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, November 3, 2010. Revised April 2, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2012/wp12-25bk.pdf

Being Ahead of the Curve: Not Always a Good Thing. Higgins, Patrick, and Mark Carter. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 19, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/03/being-ahead-of-the-curve-not-always-a-good-thing.html?d=1&s=hcc

Polarizing Affect: Occupational Shift Changes America's Workforce. Wright, Kevin. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Spring 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/spring2013/Polarizing_Affect.pdf

A Case for Greater Company Participation in Workforce Development. Economic Development podcast series, Peter Cappelli with Scott Turner. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/economicdevelopment/130225_cappelli.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Stolper-Samuelson Effects of a Decline in Aggregate Consumption. Luttmer, Erzo G. J. Working Paper 703. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, February 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5051

The Vanishing Middle: Job Polarization and Workers' Response to the Decline in Middle-Skill Jobs. Tüzumen, Didem, and Jonathan Willis. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, First Quarter 2013. https://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/13q1Tuzemen-Willis.pdf

Job Polarization Leaves Middle-Skilled Workers out in the Cold. Canon, Maria E., and Elise Marifian. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2315

What Can We Learn by Disaggregating the Unemployment-Vacancy Relationship? Ghayad, Rand, and William Dickens. Public Policy Brief 12-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, October 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/ppb/2012/ppb123.pdf

Moving Skills from Low to High. Acero, Jorge A. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Fall 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2012/fall/moving-skills-from-low-to-high.htm

Declining Labor Turnover and Turbulence. Fujita, Shigeru. Working Paper 11-44/R. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, September 2011. Revised September 2012. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2011/wp11-44R.pdf

Is There a Skills Mismatch in the Labor Market? Faberman, R. Jason, and Bhashkar Mazumder. Chicago Fed Letter 300. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, July 2012. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2012/cfljuly2012_300.pdf

The Industry-Occupation Mix of U.S. Job Openings and Hires. Hobijn, Bart. Working Paper 2012-09. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, July 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2012/wp12-09bk.pdf

Structural and Cyclical Economic Factors. Swanson, Eric. FRBSF Economic Letter 2012-18. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, June 11, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2012/el2012-18.html

The Skills Gap: Still Trying to Separate Myth from Fact. Altig, Dave, and John Robertson. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 7, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/06/the-skills-gap-still-trying-to-separate-myth-from-fact.html?d=1&s=hcc

Monetary Policy, Economics and the Recovery. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the NABE Industry Conference on Manufacturing, Cleveland, OH. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 31, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2012/Pianalto_20120531.cfm

Technology, Unemployment and Workforce Development in a Rapidly Changing World. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the business and community leaders, Greensboro, NC. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 7, 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2012/pdf/lacker_speech_20120507.pdf

Aggregate Labour Market Dynamics in Hong Kong. Lubik, Thomas A. Richmond Fed Research Digest. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/research_digest/pdf/digest_2012.pdf

Worker Skills and Job Quality. Neumark, David, and Rob Valletta. FRBSF Economic Letter 2012-13. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 30, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2012/el2012-13.pdf

Labor Markets & Jobs. Presentation by Kelly Edmiston and Barbara Robles. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, April 26, 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/speeches/2012Edmiston-KCMO-LaborMarket-04-26.pdf

Is the Composition of Job Growth Behind Slow Income Growth? Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 13, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/04/is-the-composition-of-job-growth-behind-slow-income-growth.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Structure of the Structural Unemployment Question. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 9, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/04/the-structure-of-the-structural-unemployment-question.html?d=1&s=hcc

Many Moving Parts: The Latest Look Inside the U.S. Labor Market. Andolfatto, David, and Marcela M. Williams. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 94. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March/April 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/12/03/135-152Andolfatto.pdf

Are Unemployed Construction Workers Really Doing Better? Silos, Pedro, and Lei Fang. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 30, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/03/are-unemployed-construction-workers-really-doing-better.html?d=1&s=hcc

Skills Mismatch, Construction Workers, and the Labor Market. Crump, Richard, and Aysegül Sahin. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 29, 2012. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2012/03/skills-mismatch-construction-workers-and-the-labor-market.html

A Broader View of Labor Markets. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 27, 2012. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2012/03/broader-view-of-labor-markets.html?d=1&s=hcc

Recent Developments in the Labor Market. Speech by Chairman Ben Bernanke to the National Association of Business Economics Annual Conference, Arlington, VA. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, March 26, 2012. http://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/speech/bernanke20120326a.pdf

Why We Debate. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 23, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/03/why-we-debate.html?d=1&s=hcc

Many Moving Parts: A Look Inside the U.S. Labor Market. Andolfatto, David, and Marcela M. Williams. Inside the Vault. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2012. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/itv/articles/?id=2214

Which Industries Are Shifting the Beveridge Curve? Barnichon, Regis, Michael Elsby, Bart Hobijn, and Aysegül Sahin. Working Paper 2010-32. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, October 2011. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2010/wp10-32bk.pdf

Use It or Lose It: College Grads and Underemployment. Zenker, Mary. Forefront. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Fall 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/Forefront/2011/fall/ff_2011_fall_11.cfm

The Polarization of Job Opportunities in the U.S. Labor Market: Implications for Employment and Earnings. Autor, David. Community Investments Vol. 23, 2. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Fall 2011. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/community/investments/1110/pdf_Polarization-of-Job-Opportunities-in-the-US-Labor-Market.html

One More Sign of Struggles on the Job Creation Front. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 13, 2011. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2011/07/one-more-sign-of-struggles-on-the-job-creation-front.html?d=1&s=hcc

Are Underemployed Graduates Displacing Nongraduates? Whitaker, Stephan, and Mary Zenker. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, July 12, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2011/0711/01labmar.cfm

Evaluating the Role of Labor Market Mismatch in Rising Unemployment. Barlevy, Gadi. Economic Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Third Quarter 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/economic_perspectives/2011/3qtr2011_part1_barlevy.pdf

Underemployment Poses Long-Term Financial Risk to More Workers. Kumar, Anil, and Michael Weiss. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Third Quarter 2011. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2011/swe1103g.pdf

Is Joblessness Now a Skills Problem? Lacker, Jeffrey. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Third Quarter 2011. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2011/q3/pdf/presidents_message.pdf

The Mismatch between Job Openings and Job Seekers. Canon, Maria E., and Mingyu Chen. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2011. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2123

New Evidence on Cyclical and Structural Sources of Unemployment. Chen, Jinzhu, Prakash Kannan, Prakash Loungani, and Bharat Trehan. Working Paper 2011-17. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, May 2011. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2011/wp11-17bk.pdf

Search Frictions and the Labor Wedge. Pescatori, Andrea, and Murat Tasci. Working Paper 11-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/Workpaper/2011/wp1111.pdf

Labor Matching: Putting the Pieces Together. Cheremukhin, Anton A. Working Paper 1102. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, March 25, 2009. Revised March 14, 2011. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2011/wp1102.pdf

High Unemployment after the Recession: Mostly Cyclical, but Adjusting Slowly. Tasci, Murat. Economic Commentary 2011-02. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, January 31, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2011/2011-02.cfm

Mismatch in the Labor Market: Measuring the Supply and Demand for Skilled Labor in New England. Sasser Modestino, Alicia. New England Public Policy Center Research Report 10-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, November 30, 2010. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/presentations/2010/sassermodestino113010.pdf

Mismatch in the Labor Market? Ensuring an Adequate Supply of Skilled Labor in New England. Conference. Keynote speaker: Alicia Sasser Modestino. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, November 30, 2010. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/conferences/2010/mismatch/

Is Structural Unemployment on the Rise? Valletta, Rob, and Katherine Kuang. FRBSF Economic Letter 2010-34. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, November 8, 2010. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2010/el2010-34.html

What Drives Movements in the Unemployment Rate? A Decomposition of the Beveridge Curve. Barnichon, Regis, and Andrew Figura. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2010-48. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, August 20, 2010. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2010/201048/201048pap.pdf

Just How Curious Is that Beveridge Curve? Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 18, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/08/just-how-curious-is-that-beveridge-curve.html?d=1&s=hcc

Has the Beveridge Curve Shifted? Tasci, Murat, and John Lindner. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, August 10, 2010. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2010/0810/02labmar.cfm

The Labor Wedge as a Matching Friction. Cheremukhin, Anton A., and Paulina Restrepo-Echavarria. Working Paper 1004. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, July 22, 2010. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2010/wp1004.pdf

A Curious Unemployment Picture Gets More Curious. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 16, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/07/a-curious-unemployment-picture-gets-more-curious.html?d=1&s=hcc

Another View of the Structural versus Cyclical Unemployment Question. Shifera, Membere, and John Robertson. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 11, 2010. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2010/06/another-view-of-the-structural-versus-cyclical-unemployment-question.html?d=1&s=hcc

Displacement, Asymmetric Information and Heterogeneous Human Capital. Hu, Luojia, and Christopher Taber. Working Paper 2008-02. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 2010. Revised June 2010. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/working_papers/2008/wp_02.cfm

What Is Behind the Rise in Long-Term Unemployment? Aaronson, Daniel, Bhash Mazumder, and Shani Schechter. Economic Perspectives Vol. 34, 2. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Second Quarter 2010. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/economic_perspectives/2010/2q_aaronson_mazumder_schechter.cfm

Examining JOLTS. EconSouth Now podcast series, Julie Hotchkiss and Menbere Shiferaw. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/podcasts/transcripts/econsouthnow/10mar_jolts.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Employment Survey Delivers JOLTS. Hotchkiss, Julie, and Menbere Shiferaw. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/q110econsouth.pdf#page=8

Employment Growth: Cyclical Movements or Structural Change? Rissman, Ellen R. Economic Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Fourth Quarter 2009. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/economic_perspectives/2009/ep_4qtr2009_part3_rissman.pdf

Natural rate

An Evaluation of the Federal Reserve Estimates of the Natural Rate of Unemployment in Real Time. Gumbau-Brisa, Fabià, and Giovanni P. Olivei. Working Paper 13-24. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 18, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2013/wp1324.pdf

The Slow Recovery: Causes and Monetary Policy Implications. Speech by President John C. Williams to the 2012 Santa Barbara County Economic Summit, Santa Barbara, CA. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, May 3, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/news/speeches/2012/john-williams-0503.pdf

The Long Road Back to Full Employment. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the Wooster Area, Orrville Area, and Holmes County Chambers of Commerce, Wooster, OH. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, January 10, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2012/Pianalto_20120110.cfm

A Rising Natural Rate of Unemployment: Transitory or Permanent? Daly, Mary, Bart Hobijn, Aysegül Sahin, and Rob Valletta. Working Paper 2011-05. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, September 2011. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2011/wp11-05bk.pdf

The Ins and Outs of Unemployment in the Long Run: A New Estimate for the Natural Rate? Tasci, Murat. Working Paper 10-17R. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, January 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2010/wp1017r.pdf

Unemployment after the Recession: A New Natural Rate? Tasci, Murat, and Saeed Zaman. Economic Commentary 2010-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 8, 2010. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2010/2010-11.pdf

The New Normal? Economists Ponder whether the "Natural" Rate of Unemployment Has Risen. Courtois, Renee. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, First Quarter 2010. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2010/q1/pdf/cover_story.pdf

Unemployment insurance benefits

The Effects of Extending Unemployment Insurance Benefits. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 15, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/the-effects-of-extending-unemployment-insurance-benefits/

Labor Market Transitions and the Availability of Unemployment Insurance. Bradbury, Katharine. Working Paper 14-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, July 9, 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2014/wp1402.pdf

The Effects of Extending Unemployment Insurance Benefits. Canon, Maria E., and Yang Liu. Economic Synopses 16. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 3, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10152

Recent Extensions of U.S. Unemployment Benefits: Search Responses in Alternative Labor Market States. Valletta, Robert G. Working Paper 2014-13. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, May 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2014-13.pdf

Strength of Economy, Limited Benefit Eligibility in Texas Curb Long-Term Unemployment Rate. Kumar, Anil. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Second Quarter 2014. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2014/swe1402b.pdf

Assisting the Unemployed: The Influence of Extended Benefits on the Recovery. Wright, Kevin. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Spring 2014. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/spring2014/Assiting_the_Unemployed.pdf

Scraping By: Income and Program Participation after the Loss of Extended Unemployment Benefits. Rothstein, Jesse, and Robert G. Valletta. Working Paper 2014-06. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2014-06.pdf

Human Capital Dynamics and the U.S. Labor Market. Fang, Lei, and Jun Nie. Working Paper 2014-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1402.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Unemployment Insurance Experience Rating and Labor Market Dynamics. Ratner, David D. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2013-86. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201386/201386pap.pdf

Disability Benefit Growth and Disability Reform in the U.S.: Lessons from Other OECD Nations. Burkhauser, Richard V., Duncan McVicar, Roger Wilkins, and Mary C. Daly. Working Paper 2013-40. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, December 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2013-40.pdf

Unemployment Insurance: Slowly Mending in Most District States. Wirtz, Ron. Fedgazette Roundup. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, November 18, 2013. http://minneapolisfed.typepad.com/roundup/2013/11/unemployment-insurance-rates-slowing-mending-in-most-ninth-district-states.html

Delving into Labor Markets. Rogerson, Richard, Robert Shimer, and Melinda Pitts. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 9, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/10/delving-into-labor-markets.html?d=1&s=hcc

Unemployment Benefits and Unemployment in the Great Recession: The Role of Macro Effects. Hagedorn, Marcus, Fatih Karahan, Iourii Manovskii, and Kurt Mitman. Staff Report 646. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, October 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr646.pdf

Another Year of Modest Growth. Patel, Shalini. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Fourth Quarter 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/13q4_regional.pdf

Unemployment Insurance Fraud and Optimal Monitoring. Fuller, David L., B. Ravikumar, and Yuzhe Zhang. Working Paper 2012-024C. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2012. Revised October 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2012/2012-024.pdf

Productivity Insurance: The Role of Unemployment Benefits in a Multi-Sector Model. Fuller, David L., Marianna Kudlyak, and Damba Lkhagvasuren. Working Paper 13-11. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, August 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2013/wp_13-11.cfm

Unemployment Benefits: How Much Money Goes Unclaimed? Fuller, David L., B. Ravikumar, and Yuzhe Zhang. Economic Synopses 18. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 28, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/13/ES_18_2013-06-28.pdf

A Decomposition of Shifts of the Beveridge Curve. Ghayad, Rand. Public Policy Brief 13-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, May 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/ppb/2013/ppb131.pdf

Do Extended Unemployment Benefits Lengthen Unemployment Spells? Evidence from Recent Cycles in the U.S. Labor Market. Farber, Henry S., and Robert G. Valletta. Working Paper 2013-09. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2013/wp2013-09.pdf

Who Is Concealing Earnings and Still Collecting Unemployment Benefits? Fuller, David L., B. Ravikumar, and Yuzhe Zhang. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2359

Informal Unemployment Insurance and Labor Market Dynamics. Herkenhoff, Kyle F. Working Paper 2012-057A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, November 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2012/2012-057.pdf

Unemployment Insurance: Payments, Overpayments and Unclaimed Benefits. Fuller, David L., B. Ravikumar, and Yuzhe Zhang. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2012. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2285

Foreclosure Delay and U.S. Unemployment. Herkenhoff, Kyle F., and Lee E. Ohanian. Working Paper 2012-017A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/more/2012-017

The Welfare Consequences of Alternative Designs of Unemployment Insurance Savings Accounts. Hopenhayn, Hugo, and Juan Carlos Hatchondo. Richmond Fed Research Digest. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, May 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/research_digest/pdf/digest_2012.pdf

When the Tide Goes Out: Unemployment Insurance Trust Funds and the Great Recession, Lessons for and from New England. Weiner, Jennifer. New England Public Policy Center Research Report 12-1. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, April 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/researchreports/2012/neppcrr1201.pdf

How Well Do Initial Claims Forecast Employment Growth over the Business Cycle and over Time? Kliessen, Kevin L., and David C. Wheelock. Economic Synopses 7. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 9, 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/9176

Initial Claims and Employment Growth: Are We at the Threshold? Kliesen, Kevin L., Michael W. McCracken, and Linpeng Zheng. Economic Synopses 41. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, December 14, 2011. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/11/ES1141.pdf

Emergency Unemployment Compensation and Long-Term Unemployment. Tasci, Murat, and Mary Zenker. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, November 8, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2011/1111/01labmar.cfm

How Much of the Decline in Unemployment Is Due to the Exhaustion of Unemployment Benefits? Hu, Luojia, and Shani Schechter. Chicago Fed Letter 288. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, July 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2011/july_288.cfm

How Did Unemployment Insurance Extensions Affect the Unemployment Rate in 2008-10? Mazumder, Bhash. Chicago Fed Letter 285. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, April 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2011/april_285.cfm

Do Initial Claims Overstate Layoffs? Hobijn, Bart, and Aysegül Sahin. FRBSF Economic Letter 2011-04. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 7, 2011. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2011/el2011-04.html

Effects of Extended Unemployment Insurance Benefits: Evidence from the Monthly CPS. Fujita, Shigeru. Working Paper 10-35R. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, January 2011. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2010/wp10-35R.pdf

The Ins and Outs of Unemployment Insurance. El-Ghazaly, Hoda. Liber8 Economic Information Newsletter. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, November 2010. http://research.stlouisfed.org/pageone-economics/uploads/newsletter/2010/201011.pdf

Extended Unemployment and UI Benefits. Valletta, Rob, and Katherine Kuang. FRBSF Economic Letter 2010-12. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 19, 2010. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2010/el2010-12.html

Patch Job: Repairing the Unemployment Safety Net. Meyers, Mike. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, November 2009. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/pubs/fedgaz/09-11/uins.pdf

Unemployment Insurance with a Hidden Labor Market. Alvarez-Parra, Fernando, and Juan M. Sanchez. Working Paper 09-09. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 2009. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2009/pdf/wp09-9.pdf

Does Unemployment Insurance Discourage Work? Abdalla, Khalid. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Spring/Summer 2008. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2008/spring/pdf/research_spotlight.pdf

Unemployment rate

What Private Payroll Employment Numbers Say about the Labor Market. Canon, Maria E. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 14, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/what-private-payroll-employment-numbers-say-about-the-labor-market/

Hours Worked and Unemployment: United States vs. Germany. Contessi, Silvio, and Li Li. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 14, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/07/hours-worked-and-unemployment-united-states-vs-germany/

High Unemployment and Disinflation in the Euro Area Periphery Countries. Klitgaard, Thomas, and Richard Peck. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, July 14, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/07/high-unemployment-and-disinflation-in-the-euro-area-periphery-countries.html

Labor Market Transitions and the Availability of Unemployment Insurance. Bradbury, Katharine. Working Paper 14-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, July 9, 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2014/wp1402.pdf

Job Separation Rate Shows Economic Shifts. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 8, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/job-separation-rate-shows-economic-shifts/

Is Involuntary Part-time Employment Different after the Great Recession? Canon, Maria E., Marianna Kudlyak, and Marisa Reed. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2536

Investing in People as an Economic Growth Strategy. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the Lynchburg College School of Business and Economics, Lynchburg, VA. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 26, 2014. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2014/lacker_speech_20140626.cfm

Atlanta Fed's Altig Talks Economic Rebound. Altig, Dave. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 25, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/conferences/14econversations.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Youth Unemployment Notably High in Southern Europe. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 24, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/youth-unemployment-notably-high-in-southern-europe/

Job Separation Rate Shows Economic Shifts. Wiczer, David. Economic Synopses 15. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 20, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10146

The Wrong Question? Altig, Dave, and Pat Higgins. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 20, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/06/the-wrong-question.html?d=1&s=hcc

Labor Force Issues. Speech by Senior Economist Kelly D. Edmiston to the Professional Development Teacher Workshop, Kansas City, Missouri. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, June 17, 2014. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/speeches/2014-Edmiston-Teacherworkshop-Kansas%20City-05-07.pdf

Looking Beyond the Job-Finding Rate: The Difficulty of Finding Full-Time Work. Robertson, John, and Ellyn Terry. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 9, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/06/looking-beyond-the-job-finding-rate-the-difficulty-of-finding-full-time-work-.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Peculiar Swiss Unemployment Rate. Zimmermann, Christian. The FRED Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 2, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/06/the-peculiar-swiss-unemployment-rate/

Understanding the Great Recession. Christiano, Lawrence J., Martin S. Eichenbaum, and Mathias Trabandt. International Finance Discussion Paper 1107. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, June 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2014/1107/ifdp1107.pdf

Does the Unemployment Rate Really Overstate Labor Market Recovery? Hornstein, Andreas, Marianna Kudlyak, Fabian Lange, and Tim Sablik. Economic Brief 14-06. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, June 2014. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2014/pdf/eb_14-06.pdf

Is There a Stable Relationship Between Unemployment and Future Inflation? Evidence from U.S. Cities. Fitzgerald, Terry J., and Juan Pablo Nicolini. Working Paper 713. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 30, 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5325

Where Is the Slack in the Labor Market? Garriga, Carlos. Economic Synopses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 19, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10121

Accounting for Discouraged Workers in the Unemployment Rate. Ravikumar, B., and Lin Shao. On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, May 15, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/accounting-for-discouraged-workers-in-the-unemployment-rate/

A Wedge in the Dual Mandate: Monetary Policy and Long-Term Unemployment. Rudebusch, Glenn D., and John C. Williams. Working Paper 2014-14. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, May 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/working-papers/wp2014-14.pdf

A Wedge in the Dual Mandate: Monetary Policy and Long-Term Unemployment. Rudebusch, Glenn D., and John C. Williams. Working Paper 2014-14. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, May 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/working-papers/wp2014-14.pdf

New Data Sources: A Conversation with Google's Hal Varian. Curtis, Mark. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 28, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/04/new-data-sources-a-conversation-with-googles-hal-varian.html?d=1&s=hcc

Interpreting Deviations from Okun's Law. Daly, Mary C., John Fernald, Òscar Jordà, and Fernanda Nechio. FRBSF Economic Letter 2014-12. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 21, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2014/april/okun-law-deviation-unemployment-recession/

Accounting for Discouraged Workers in the Unemployment Rate. Ravikumar, B., and Lin Shao. Economic Synopses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 17, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10098

Updated Policy Projections and Improvement in the Unemployment Rate. Bednar, William, and John B. Carlson. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 17, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2014/0514/01monpol.cfm

A Long-Term Unemployment Problem. Zimmermann, Christian. The FRED® Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 7, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/04/a-long-term-unemployed-problem/

Discouraged Workers: What Do We Know? On the Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 3, 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/on-the-economy/discouraged-workers-what-do-we-know/

Labor Markets in the Global Financial Crisis: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Daly, Mary C., John G. Fernald, Òscar Jordà, and Fernanda Nechio. Working Paper 2014-11. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2014-11.pdf

Update on the Kansas and Missouri Economies. The Midwest Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Second Quarter 2014. http://www.kc.frb.org/publicat/me/me-2q-2014.pdf

Labor Markets in the Global Financial Crisis: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Daly, Mary C., John G. Fernald, Òscar Jordà, and Fernanda Nechio. Working Paper 2014-11. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2014-11.pdf

Strength of Economy, Limited Benefit Eligibility in Texas Curb Long-Term Unemployment Rate. Kumar, Anil. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Second Quarter 2014. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2014/swe1402b.pdf

Inequality, Recessions, and Recoveries. Perri, Fabrizio. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, April 2014. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5312

Youth Unemployment Notably High in Southern Europe. Eubanks, James D., and David G. Wiczer. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 2014. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2509

Unemployment Rates by Educational Attainment. Kliesen, Kevin. The FRED® Blog. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 31, 2014. http://fredblog.stlouisfed.org/2014/03/unemployment-rates-by-educational-attainment/

An Evaluation of the Inflationary Pressure Associated with Short- and Long-Term Unemployment. Kiley, Michael T. Finance and Economic Discussion Series 2014-28. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, March 21, 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2014/201428/201428pap.pdf

Labor Market Update. Martin, Fernando M. Economic Synopses 7. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 21, 2014. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/10081

Half Empty or Half Full? Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 20, 2014. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2014/03/half-empty-or-half-full.html

Where Does the Labor Market Stand? Davidson, Charles, and Lela Somoza. 2013 Annual Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 17, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/annualreport/13ar/employment.html?d=1&s=hcc

Thinking About Progress in the Labor Market. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 7, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/03/thinking-about-progress-in-the-labor-market.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Challenge of Estimating Full Employment. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Tanous Lecture, Georgetown University, Washington, DC. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 6, 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/140306_speech_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Using an Improved Taylor Rule to Predict When Policy Changes Will Occur. Carlstrom, Charles T., and Saeed Zaman. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 4, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2014/2014-02.pdf

Labor Market Slack and Monetary Policy. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the the Boston Economic Club, Boston, MA. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, February 26, 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2014/022614/index.htm

District Unemployment Rates during this Expansion. Testa, Bill. Midwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, February 14, 2014. http://midwest.chicagofedblogs.org/archives/2014/02/unemployment_ra.html

The Long and Short of It: The Impact of Unemployment Duration on Compensation Growth. Linder, M. Henry, Richard Peach, and Robert Rich. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 12, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/02/the-long-and-short-of-it-the-impact-of-unemployment-duration-on-compensation-growth-.html

Is a Neighborhood's Unemployment Rate Influenced by Its Metro Area? Aliprantis, Dionissi, Kyle Fee, and Nelson Oliver. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 12, 2014. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2014/0214/01labmar.cfm

A Second Look at the Employment-to-Population Ratio. Higgins, Pat. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 11, 2014. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2014/02/a-second-look-at-the-employment-to-population-ratio.html?d=1&s=hcc

Underutilization in U.S. Labor Markets. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the "New Topics New College" Speaker Series, hosted by New College of Florida, Sarasota, FL. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, February 6, 2014. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2014/020614/index.htm

Comparing U.S. and Euro Area Unemployment Rates. Klitgaard, Thomas, and Richard Peck. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 5, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/02/comparing-us-and-euro-area-unemployment-rates.html

A Mis-Leading Labor Market Indicator. Kapon, Samuel, and Joseph Tracy. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 3, 2014. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2014/02/a-mis-leading-labor-market-indicator.html

Job Uncertainty and Chinese Household Savings. Liu, Zheng. FRBSF Economic Letter 2014-03. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 3, 2014. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2014/february/job-uncertainty-china-household-savings-state-owned-enterprises-iron-rice-bowl/

Human Capital Dynamics and the U.S. Labor Market. Fang, Lei, and Jun Nie. Working Paper 2014-2. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 2014. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/wp/wp1402.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Human Capital and Unemployment Dynamics: Why More Educated Workers Enjoy Greater Employment Stability. Cairo, Isabel, and Tomaz Cajner. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-09. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, November 1, 2013. Revised February 2014. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2014/201409/201409pap.pdf

Human Capital Dynamics and the U.S. Labor Market. Fang, Lei, and Jun Nie. Working Paper 13-10. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, January 1, 2014. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/reswkpap/pdf/rwp13-10.pdf

Labor Markets in the Global Financial Crisis. Daly, Mary C., John Fernald, Òscar Jordà, and Fernanda Nechio. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-38. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, December 23, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2013/december/labor-market-global-financial-crisis-okun-law/

Structural Unemployment. Diamond, Peter. Working Paper 13-6. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 7, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/ppb/2013/ppb136.pdf

Structural Unemployment. Diamond, Peter. Public Policy Brief 13-6. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 7, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/ppb/2013/ppb136.pdf

When Might the Federal Funds Rate Lift Off? Knotek II, Edward S., and Saeed Zaman. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, December 4, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2013/2013-19.cfm

Helping Understand Labor Markets. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 3, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/12/helping-understand-labor-markets.html

Trade Reforms, Foreign Competition, and Labor Market Adjustments in the U.S. Kondo, Illenin O. International Finance Discussion Paper 1095. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2013/1095/ifdp1095.pdf

Uncertain Futures: Are American Youth Increasingly Idle? Think Again. Modestino, Alicia S. New England Public Center Policy Brief 13-4. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/briefs/2013/briefs134.pdf

Uncertain Futures? Youth Attachment to the Labor Market in the United States and New England. Dennett, Julia, and Alicia Sasser Modestino. New England Public Policy Center Research Report 13-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/neppc/researchreports/2013/neppcrr1303.pdf

Persistent Differences. Rappaport, Jordan. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Winter 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/winter2013/issue.pdf

The Employability of Returning Citizens Is Key to Neighborhood Revitalization. Ergungor, O. Emre, and Nelson Oliver. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, November 19, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2013/2013-17.cfm

Atlanta Fed's Jobs Calculator Drills Down to the States. Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 14, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/11/atlanta-feds-jobs-calculator-drills-down-to-the-states.html?d=1&s=hcc

Taking Stock of the Labor Market Recovery. Jacobson, Maggie, and Murat Tasci. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, October 18, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/1113/01labmar.cfm

Gauging the Momentum of the Labor Recovery. Daly, Mary C., Bart Hobijn, and Benjamin Bradshaw. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-30. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, October 15, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2013/october/labor-market-recovery-momentum-indicators/

The Effect of Unemployment Duration on Future Earnings and Other Outcomes. Cooper, Daniel. Working Paper 13-8. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, October 10, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2013/wp1308.pdf

Unemployment Benefits and Unemployment in the Great Recession: The Role of Macro Effects. Hagedorn, Marcus, Fatih Karahan, Iourii Manovskii, and Kurt Mitman. Staff Report 646. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, October 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr646.pdf

Alabama Economy Improving. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 1, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/10/alabama-economy-improving.html?d=1&s=hcc

Output and Unemployment: How Do They Relate Today? Owyang, Michael T., E. Katarina Vermann, and Tatevik Sekhposyan. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2421

A Closer Look at the Decline in the Labor Force Participation Rate. Canon, Maria E., Marianna Kudlyak, and Peter Debbaut. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2419

A Time of Testing. Speech by President Narayana Kocherlakota to the Rotary Club of Houghton, Houghton, MI. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, September 26, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/news_events/pres/speech_display.cfm?id=5168

Regional Job Growth Loses Some Traction. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 24, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/09/regional-job-growth-loses-some-traction.html?d=1&s=hcc

Unemployment and Business Cycles. Christiano, Lawrence J., Martin S. Eichenbaum, and Mathias Trabandt. International Finance Discussion Paper 1089. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, September 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/ifdp/2013/1089/ifdp1089.pdf

Spurious Seasonal Patterns and Excess Smoothness in the BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics. Phillips, Keith R., and Jianguo Wang. Working Paper 1305. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, September 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2013/wp1305.pdf

Okun's Macroscope and the Changing Cyclicality of Underlying Margins of Adjustment. Daly, Mary C., John G. Fernald, Òscar Jordà, and Fernanda Nechio. Working Paper 2013-32. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, September 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2013-32.pdf

Disability, Unemployment, and Poverty. Hoff, David. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Fall 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/fall/disability-unemployment-and-poverty.htm

Slow Recovery. TEN Vol. 9, 2. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Fall 2013. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/fall2013/TEN_LMI.pdf

Spurious Seasonal Patterns and Excess Smoothness in the BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics. Phillips, Keith R., and Jianguo Wang. Working Paper 1305. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, September 2013. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/papers/2013/wp1305.pdf

The Shadow Labor Supply and Its Implications for the Unemployment Rate. Davig, Troy, and José Mustre-del-Río. The Macro Bulletin. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, August 19, 2013. https://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/research/macrobulletins/mb13Davig-Mustre0819.pdf

GDP, Jobs, and Growth Accounting. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 16, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/08/gdp-jobs-and-growth-accounting.html?d=1&s=hcc

Okun's Law in Recession and Recovery. Owyang, Michael T., and E. Katarina Vermann. Economic Synopses 23. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, August 16, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/13/ES_23_2013-08-16.pdf

What a Difference a Month Makes? Maybe Not Much. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/08/what-a-difference-a-month-makes-maybe-not-much-1.html?d=1&s=hcc

Unemployment, Negative Equity, and Strategic Default. Gerardi, Kristopher, Kyle F. Herkenhoff, Lee E. Ohanian, and Paul S. Willen. Working Paper 2013-4. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/pubs/wp/13_04.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Land Prices and Unemployment. Liu, Zheng, Jianjun Miao, and Tao Zha. Working Paper 2013-22. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, August 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/files/wp2013-22.pdf

Will a Surge in Labor Force Participation Impede Unemployment Rate Improvement? Hornstein, Andreas, and Karl Rhodes. Economic Brief 13-08. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, August 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2013/eb_13-08.cfm

'Tis the Season to Seasonally Adjust. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 31, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/07/tis-the-season-to-seasonally-adjust.html?d=1&s=hcc

Uncertainty and the Slow Labor Market Recovery. Leduc, Sylvain, and Zheng Liu. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-21. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, July 22, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2013/july/us-labor-market-uncertainty-slow-recovery/

The Path of Wage Growth and Unemployment. Daly, Mary C., Bart Hobijn, and Timothy Ni. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-20. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, July 15, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/economic-research/publications/economic-letter/2013/july/wages-unemployment-rate/

Bakken Activity: How Wide Is the Ripple Effect? Batbold, Dulguun, and Rob Grunewald. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5098

Update on the Kansas and Missouri Economies. Pope, Adam. The Midwest Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Third Quarter 2013. https://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/me/me-3q-2013.pdf

Update on Oklahoma's Economy. Williams, Megan. The Oklahoma Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Third Quarter 2013. https://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/oke/oe-3q-2013.pdf

Just Released: Are Recent College Graduates Finding Good Jobs? Abel, Jaison R., and Richard Deitz. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 27, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/06/just-released-are-recent-college-graduates-finding-good-jobs.html

Are Recent College Graduates Finding Good Jobs? Speech by President William C. Dudley to the Quarterly Regional Economic Press Briefing, New York , NY. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, June 27, 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/newsevents/speeches/2013/dud130627.html

Underemployment, College Graduates, and the Recession. James, Jon, and Christopher Vecchio. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 21, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0713/01regeco.cfm

Tracking Slow, Painful Progress. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 19, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/06/tracking-slow-painful-progress.html?d=1&s=hcc

Cyclical Unemployment, Structural Unemployment. Diamond, Peter. Working Paper 13-5. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, June 14, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2013/wp1305.pdf

Translating Kurzarbeit. Contessi, Silvio, and Li Li. Economic Synopses 17. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 14, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/13/ES_17_2013-06-14.pdf

Casting a Web over Jobs Data. Pitts, M. Melinda, and Patrick Higgins. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 10, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/06/casting-web-over-jobs-data.html?d=1&s=hcc

Accounting for Job Loss. Clement, Douglas. The Region. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, June 10, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5115

What Constitutes Substantial Employment Gains in Today's Labor Market? Schweitzer, Mark E., and Murat Tasci. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 7, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2013/2013-07.cfm

Careers in Firms: Estimating a Model of Job Assignment, Learning, and Human Capital Acquisition. Pastorino, Elena. Staff Report 469. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, July 24, 2012. Revised June 3, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=4928

A New Initiative for Massachusetts Smaller Cities. Chakrabarti, Prabal. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Summer 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/summer/a-new-initiative-for-massachusetts-smaller-cities.htm

The Economic Outlook and Monetary Policy. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the Economic Club of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, May 29, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2013/052913/index.htm

Regional Job Growth Helps Ward off Another Spring Swoon. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 24, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/05/regional-job-growth-helps-ward-off-another-spring-swoon.html?d=1&s=hcc

A Subtle View of Labor Market Improvement. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 23, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/05/a-subtle-view-of-labor-market-improvement.html?d=1&s=hcc

Labor Force Participation and the Unemployment Threshold. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 13, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/05/labor-force-participation-and-the-unemployment-threshold.html?d=1&s=hcc

Brakken Activity: How Wide Is the Ripple Effect? Batbold, Dulguun, and Rob Grunewald. Fedgazette. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, May 7, 2013. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/publications_papers/pub_display.cfm?id=5098

An Overview of the San Diego Labor Market and Economy. Community Development. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, May 6, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/community-development/blog/an-overview-of-the-san-diego-labor-market-and-economy/

Building a Better Jobs Calculator: Choose Your Own Payroll/Household Employment Ratio. Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 3, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/05/building-a-better-jobs-calculator.html?d=1&s=hcc

Regional Employment Grew in March, Led by Florida and Georgia. Desai, Neil. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 23, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/04/regional-employment-grew-in-march.html?d=1&s=hcc

Some Unpleasant Implications for Unemployment Targeters. Speech by President James Bullard to the 22nd Annual Hyman P. Minsky Conference, New York, NY. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 17, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/econ/bullard/pdf/Bullard_NYMInsky_2013_Final.pdf

Should Full Employment Be a Mandate for Central Banks? Speech by Eric S. Rosengren to the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston's 57th Economic Conference, Boston, MA. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, April 12, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2013/041213/index.htm

Educational Attainment and Economic Outcomes. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the Early Childhood Summit 2013: Innovation and Opportunity, Boston, MA. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, April 5, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2013/040513/

Labor Market Update: Muddy Waters Continue to Run Deep. Robertson, John, and Dave Altig. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 5, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/04/labor-market-update-muddy-waters-continue-to-run-deep.html?d=1&s=hcc

Regional Employment Increases. Desai, Neil. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 3, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/04/regional-employment-increases.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Labor Market, Monetary Policy, and Risks to the Economic Outlook. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Kiwanis Club of Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 2, 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/130402_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The Gender Unemployment Gap. Albanesi, Stefania, and Aysegül Sahin. Staff Report 613. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, April 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr613.html

Full Employment. Sablik, Tim. Econ Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Second Quarter 2013. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/econ_focus/2013/q2/pdf/jargon_alert.pdf

The Same-Old, Same-Old Labor Market. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 28, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/03/the-same-old-same-old-labor-market.html?d=1&s=hcc

Is Job Polarization Holding Back the Labor Market? Albanesi, Stefania, Victoria Gregory, Christina Patterson, and Aysegül Sahin. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 27, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/03/is-job-polarization-holding-back-the-labor-market.html

Monetary Policy and Financial Stability. Speech by President Eric S. Rosengren to the Business and Industry Association of New Hampshire and the New Hampshire Bankers Association, Manchester, NH. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, March 27, 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/news/speeches/rosengren/2013/032713/

The Region’s Job Rebound from Superstorm Sandy. Abel, Jaison R., Jason Bram, Richard Deitz, and James Orr. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 11, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/03/the-regions-job-rebound-from-superstorm-sandy.html

Behind the Numbers. Chriszt, Michael. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 5, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/03/behind-the-numbers.html?d=1&s=hcc

Geographical Reallocation and Unemployment during the Great Recession: The Role of the Housing Bust. Karahan, Fatih, and Serena Rhee. Staff Report 605. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 2013. http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/staff_reports/sr605.html

Federal Reserve Forecasts: Asymmetry and State-Dependence. Caunedo, Julieta, Riccardo DiCecio, Ivana Komunjer, and Michael T. Owyang. Working Paper 2013-012A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/2013/2013-012.pdf

Supplemental Security Income, Welfare Reform, and the Recession. Schmidt, Lucie. Communities & Banking. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Spring 2013. http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2013/spring/supplemental-security-income-welfare-reform-and-the-recession.htm

What the Dual Mandate Looks Like. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 1, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/03/what-the-dual-mandate-looks-like.html?d=1&s=hcc

State Unemployment and the Allocation of Federal Stimulus Spending. Orr, James, and John Sporn. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, February 27, 2013. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2013/02/state-unemployment-and-the-allocation-of-federal-stimulus-spending.html

Does Nonfarm Payroll Growth Improve the Taylor Rule? Carlstrom, Charles T., Saeed Zaman, and Samuel B. Chapman. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 25, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0313/01monpol.cfm

The Economy and Fed Policy: Follow the Demand. Williams, John C. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-05. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 25, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2013/el2013-05.html

Modest Growth Expected for Tennessee. Chriszt, Michael. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 22, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/02/modest-growth-expected-for-tennessee.html?d=1&s=hcc

Alabama's Outlook: A Little Better Than 2012. Chriszt, Michael. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 15, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/02/alabamas-outlook-a-little-better-than-2012.html?d=1&s=hcc

The State of the U.S. Labor Market Recovery. Tasci, Murat, and Christopher Vecchio. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 7, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2013/0213/01labmar.cfm

Are We Like Sweden? Recovery in the Labor Market. Ergungor, O. Emre. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, February 7, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2013/2013-03.cfm

Long-Term Unemployment: What Do We Know? Valletta, Rob. FRBSF Economic Letter 2013-03. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 4, 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2013/el2013-03.html

On the Importance of the Participation Margin for Market Fluctuations. Elsby, Michael W. L., Bart Hobijn, and Aysegül Sahin. Working Paper 2013-05. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, February 2013. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/papers/2013/wp2013-05.pdf

The Concentration of Poverty within Metropolitan Areas. Aliprantis, Dionissi, Kyle Fee, and Nelson Oliver. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, January 31, 2013. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2013/2013-01.cfm

Two Leaps Forward, One Step Back for Regional Labor Markets. Carter, Mark. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 25, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/01/two-leaps-forward-one-step-back-for-regional-labor-markets.html?d=1&s=hcc

Regional Labor Markets: Forward-Looking Indicators Reveal Little Change. Chriszt, Michael. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 11, 2013. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2013/01/regional-labor-markets-forward-looking-indicators-reveal-little-change.html?d=1&s=hcc

Visualizing Improvement. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, January 10, 2013. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2013/01/visualizing-improvement.html?d=1&s=hcc

Is the FOMC’s Unemployment Rate Threshold a Good Idea? Thornton, Daniel L. Economic Synopses 1. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 4, 2013. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/9604

The Fed’s Latest Balance-Sheet Policy: What Constitutes Substantial Labor-Market Improvement? Bullard, James. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, January 2013. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2317

The Effectiveness of the State Coincident Indexes. Novak, Jason. Research Rap Special Report. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, January 2013. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/research-rap/2012/the-effectiveness-of-the-state-coincident-indexes.pdf

Unemployment among Recent Veterans during the Great Recession. Faberman, R. Jason, and Taft Foster. Economic Perspectives. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, First Quarter 2013. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/economic_perspectives/2013/1Q2013_part1_faberman_foster.pdf

Weaving a Web for Watching Indicators. Altig, Dave. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2013. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/13q1_fed_at_issue.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Will the Jobless Rate Drop Take a Break? Daly, Mary, Early Elias, Bart Hobijn, and Oscar Jorda. FRBSF Economic Letter 2012-37. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, December 17, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2012/el2012-37.html

Do Real-Time Okun's Law Errors Predict GDP Data Revisions? Barnes, Michelle L., Fabia Gumbau-Brisa, and Giovanni P. Olivei. Working Paper 13-3. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, December 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2013/wp1303.pdf

A Perspective from Main Street: Long-Term Unemployment and Workforce Development. White paper. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, December 2012. Revised January 31, 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/communitydev/pdfs/Workforce_errata_final2.pdf

The Ins and Outs of Forecasting Unemployment: Using Labor Force Flows to Forecast the Labor Market. Barnichon, Regis, and Christopher J. Nekarda. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-19. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, November 21, 2012. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2013/201319/201319pap.pdf

Accounting for Unemployment: The Long and Short of It. Hornstein, Andreas. Working Paper 12-07. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, November 5, 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/working_papers/2012/pdf/wp12-07.pdf

Reading Labor Markets. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 5, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/11/reading-labor-markets.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Challenges of Understanding Labor Market Trends. Speech by President Dennis Lockhart to the Chattanooga Downtown Rotary, Chattanooga, TN. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, November 1, 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/121101_lockhart.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

The (Maybe Not So) Simple Arithmetic of Unemployment and Labor Force Participation. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 12, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/10/maybe-not-so-simple-arithmetic-of-unemployment-labor-force-participation.html?d=1&s=hcc

Divergent Jobs Reports: Will the Real State of the Labor Market Please Stand Up? Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 10, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/10/divergent-jobs-reports-will-the-real-state-of-the-labor-market-please-stand-up.html?d=1&s=hcc

Maximum Employment and Monetary Policy. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the Money Marketeers of New York University, New York, NY. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, September 18, 2012. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2012/lacker_speech_20120918.cfm

How Positive Are Recent Employment and Labor Market Trends? Anderson, Richard G. Economic Synopses 25. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, September 14, 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/article/9436

Potential Effects of the Great Recession on the U.S. Labor Market. Dickens, William T., and Robert K. Triest. Working Paper 12-9. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, September 12, 2012. http://www.bostonfed.org/economic/wp/wp2012/wp1209.htm

The Decline in Unemployment: Any Silver Lining? Pitts, Melinda. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, September 11, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/09/decline-in-unemployment-any-silver-lining.html?d=1&s=hcc

Beyond the Unemployment Rate: Long-Term Unemployment. Tasci, Murat, and Emily Burgen. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, August 6, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0812/01labmar.cfm

Job Gains and Losses at Large and Small Firms during the Great Recession. Sánchez, Juan M., and Lowell R. Ricketts. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July 2012. http://stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2256

Wanted: Jobs 2.0 in the Rural Southeast. Davidson, Charles. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Third Quarter 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/12q3_rural_southeast.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Employment Growth and the FOMC Summary of Economic Projections. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 22, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/06/employment-growth-and-fomc-summary-of-economic-projections.html?d=1&s=hcc

An Unstable Okun's Law, Not the Best Rule of Thumb. Meyer, Brent, and Murat Tasci. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 7, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2012/2012-08.pdf

Technology Shocks and Unemployment in the Last Recession. Amaral, Pedro S. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 7, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2012/2012-07.pdf

Foreclosure Delay and U.S. Unemployment. Herkenhoff, Kyle F., and Lee E. Ohanian. Working Paper 2012-017A. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, June 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/more/2012-017

Labor on the Mend: A Decline in Labor Market Participation. Wright, Kevin. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Summer 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/summer-2012/2012-summer-ten-labor.pdf

A Take on Labor Force Participation and the Unemployment Rate. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, May 10, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/05/a-take-on-labor-force-participation-and-the-unemployment-rate.html?d=1&s=hcc

Labor Markets: Glass Half Empty...Glass Half  Empty. Dunne, Timothy, and Kyle Fee. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 8, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0512/01labmar.cfm

Labor Markets & Jobs. Presentation by Kelly Edmiston and Barbara Robles. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, April 26, 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/speeches/2012Edmiston-KCMO-LaborMarket-04-26.pdf

What's the Story behind Tennessee's Strong Construction Employment Data? Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 17, 2012. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2012/04/whats-the-story-behind-tennessees-strong-construction-employment-data.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Slow Recovery: It's Not Just Housing. Williams, John C. FRBSF Economic Letter 2012-11. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, April 9, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2012/el2012-11.html

Employment Data Point to Continued Regional Recovery. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 6, 2012. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2012/04/employment-data-point-to-continued-regional-recovery.html?d=1&s=hcc

An Elusive Relation between Unemployment and GDP Growth: Okun's Law. Burgen, Emily, Brent Meyer, and Murat Tasci. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, April 5, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0412/01labmar.cfm

Conclusion: How Low Will the Unemployment Rate Go? McCarthy, Jonathan, Simon Potter, and Aysegül Sahin. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, April 2, 2012. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2012/04/conclusion-how-low-will-the-unemployment-rate-go.html

Why Does Unemployment Differ Persistently across Metro Areas? Rappaport, Jordan. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Second Quarter 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/12q2Jordan-Rappaport.pdf

Many Moving Parts: The Latest Look Inside the U.S. Labor Market. Andolfatto, David, and Marcela M. Williams. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 94. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March/April 2012. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/12/03/135-152Andolfatto.pdf

Are Unemployed Construction Workers Really Doing Better? Silos, Pedro, and Lei Fang. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 30, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/03/are-unemployed-construction-workers-really-doing-better.html?d=1&s=hcc

Okun's Law and Long Expansions. McCarthy, Jonathan, Simon Potter, and Ging Cee Ng. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, March 27, 2012. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2012/03/okuns-law-and-long-expansions.html

A Broader View of Labor Markets. Chriszt, Mike. SouthPoint. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 27, 2012. http://southpoint.frbatlanta.org/southpoint/2012/03/broader-view-of-labor-markets.html?d=1&s=hcc

Recent Developments in the Labor Market. Speech by Chairman Ben Bernanke to the National Association of Business Economics Annual Conference, Arlington, VA. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, March 26, 2012. http://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/speech/bernanke20120326a.pdf

Why We Debate. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 23, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/03/why-we-debate.html?d=1&s=hcc

Starting Off on the Wrong Foot: Early Careers and High Unemployment. James, Jonathan. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 2, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2012/0312/01labmar.cfm

How Many Jobs Does It Take? Introducing the Atlanta Fed's Jobs Calculator. Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 2, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/03/how-many-jobs-does-it-take.html?d=1&s=hcc

Many Moving Parts: A Look Inside the U.S. Labor Market. Andolfatto, David, and Marcela M. Williams. Inside the Vault. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Spring 2012. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/itv/articles/?id=2214

Finding a Place. Wright, Kevin. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Spring 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/spring-2012/Finding_a_place.pdf

Going Down. Wright, Kevin. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Spring 2012. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/ten/pdf/spring-2012/goingdown.pdf

Employment: Some Good News, Some Bad News. Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 6, 2012. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2012/02/employment-some-good-news-some-bad-news.html?d=1&s=hcc

Why Is Unemployment Duration So Long? Valleta, Rob, and Katherine Kuang. FRBSF Economic Letter 2012-03. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, January 30, 2012. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2012/el2012-03.html

The Long Road Back to Full Employment. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the Wooster Area, Orrville Area, and Holmes County Chambers of Commerce, Wooster, OH. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, January 10, 2012. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2012/Pianalto_20120110.cfm

Who Is the Most Unemployed? Factors Affecting Joblessness. Somoza, Lela. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, First Quarter 2012. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/12q1_employment_recession.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

What's Not Working This Time Around? Third Dialogue Examines Why Unemployment Remains High. Waller, Christopher. Central Banker. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Winter 2011. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/cb/articles/?id=2183

Optimal Labor-Market Policy in Recessions. Jung, Philip, and Keith Kuester. Working Paper 11-48. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, November 30, 2011. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/research-and-data/publications/working-papers/2011/wp11-48.pdf

Two More Job Market Charts. Altig, Dave. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 7, 2011. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2011/10/two-more-job-market-charts.html?d=1&s=hcc

This Time May Not Be That Different: Labor Markets, the Great Recession and the (Not So Great) Recovery. Tasci, Murat. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 27, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2011/2011-18.cfm

Recent Layoffs in a Fragile Labor Market. Valletta, Rob, and Katherine Kuang. FRBSF Economic Letter 2011-30. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, September 26, 2011. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2011/el2011-30.html

Potential Causes and Implications of the Rise in Long-Term Unemployment. Hornstein, Andreas, Thomas A. Lubik, and Jessie Romero. Economic Brief 11-09. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, September 2011. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/economic_brief/2011/eb_11-09.cfm

Unemployment and the Great Recession. Tasci, Murat. Forefront. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Fall 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/Forefront/2011/fall/ff_2011_fall_05.cfm

Labor Market not So Anomalous After All. Tasci, Murat, and Mary Zenker. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, August 9, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2011/0811/01labmar.cfm

Macroeconomics Policy and Labor Markets: Lessons from Dale Mortensen's Research. Benson, David. Chicago Fed Letter 289b. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, August 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/digital_assets/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2011/cflaugust2011_289b.pdf

"Frictions in Financial and Labor Markets": A Summary of the 35th Annual Economic Policy Conference. Manuelli, Rodolfo E., and Adrian Peralta-Alva. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, July/August 2011. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/article/8849

The Vanishing U.S.-E.U. Employment Gap. Grisse, Christian, Thomas Klitgaard, and Aysegül Sahin. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, July 25, 2011. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2011/07/the-vanishing-us-eu-employment-gap.html

Why Aren't We Creating More Jobs? Romero, Jessie. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Third Quarter 2011. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2011/q3/pdf/cover_story.pdf

Would Active Labor Market Policies Help Combat High U.S. Unemployment? Nie, Jun, and Ethan Struby. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Third Quarter 2011. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/econrev/pdf/11q3Nie-Struby.pdf

GDP Growth, the Unemployment Rate, and Okun's Law. Higgins, Patrick. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Third Quarter 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/11q3_fed_at_issue.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Labor Market Rigidity, Unemployment and the Great Recession. Tasci, Murat, and Mary Zenker. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 29, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2011/2011-11.cfm

Explaining the Recent Decline in the Unemployment Rate. Barrow, Lisa. Chicago Fed Letter 287. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, June 2011. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/chicago_fed_letter/2011/june_287.cfm

Labor Markets and Federal Reserve Policy. Speech by President Sandra Pianalto to the Columbus Metropolitan Club, Columbus, OH. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 1, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/For_the_Public/News_and_Media/Speeches/2011/Pianalto_20110601.cfm

Spotlight on Research: The Distributional Impact of Unemployment. Smith, Marvin M. Cascade 77. Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Spring/Summer 2011. http://www.philadelphiafed.org/community-development/publications/cascade/77/07_distributional-impact-of-unemployment.cfm

What's Up with the Unemployment Rate? Tasci, Murat, and Mary Zenker. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 9, 2011. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2011/0511/01labmar.cfm

Have Cyclical Movements in the Unemployment Rate Become More Persistent? Figura, Andrew. Finance and Economics Development Discussion Series 2011-33. Federal Reserve Board of Governors, May 2011. http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/feds/2011/201133/201133pap.pdf

What's Behind the Surprising Large Drop in the Unemployment Rate? Hotchkiss, Julie. Human Capital Currents. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, April 15, 2011. http://www.frbatlanta.org/chcs/pubschcs/hcc/110413.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Temporary Layoffs during the Great Recession. Groshen, Erica L. Liberty Street Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, April 6, 2011. http://libertystreeteconomics.newyorkfed.org/2011/04/temporary-layoffs-during-the-great-recession.html

Recent College Graduates and the Labor Market. Hobijn, Bart, Colin Gardiner, and Theodore Wiles. FRBSF Economic Letter 2011-09. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, March 21, 2011. http://www.frbsf.org/publications/economics/letter/2011/el2011-09.html

Labor Markets and Monetary Policy. Speech by President Narayana Kocherlakota to the 49th Annual Winter Institute, St. Cloud, MN. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, March 3, 2011. http://www.minneapolisfed.org/news_events/pres/speech_display.cfm?id=4627

Flexible Workforce: The Role of Temporary Employment in Recession and Recovery. Nash, Betty Joyce, and Jessie Romero. Region Focus. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, First Quarter 2011. http://www.richmondfed.org/publications/research/region_focus/2011/q1/pdf/feature1.pdf

Unemployment and the Role of Monetary Policy. Fawley, Brett, and Luciana Juvenal. Economic Synopses 37. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, December 27, 2010. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/10/ES1037.pdf

Where Are We in the Labor Market Recovery? Tasci, Murat, and Mary Zenker. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, December 8, 2010. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2010/1210/01labmar.cfm

Laboring to Recover: As the Nation's Economy Rebounds, Unemployment Continues to Rise. Steeves, Brye. TEN. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Winter 2010. http://www.kansascityfed.org/publicat/TEN/pdf/winter2010/laborfeature.pdf

Unemployment and Monetary Policy: Lessons from Half a Century Ago. Speech by President Jeffrey M. Lacker to the 2010 International Conference for Advanced Placement Economics Teachers, Richmond, VA. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, November 14, 2010. http://www.richmondfed.org/press_room/speeches/president_jeff_lacker/2010/lacker_speech_20101114.cfm

Texas Twist: Why Did State's Unemployment Fall below Nation's? Kumar, Anil. Southwest Economy. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Third Quarter 2010. https://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/swe/2010/swe1003b.pdf

Signs Point toward Another Jobless Recovery. Kliesen, Kevin L. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, April 2010. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/pub_assets/pdf/re/2010/b/national_overview.pdf

When Are U.S. Jobs Coming Back? Pitts, Melinda. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Second Quarter 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/10-q2-fed-at-issue.pdf?d=&s=hcc

Out of the Workplace...and Struggling to Find a Way Back In. English, Ed. EconSouth. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Second Quarter 2010. http://www.frbatlanta.org/documents/pubs/econsouth/10-q2-out-of-workplace-struggling-to-find-way-back-in.pdf?d=1&s=hcc

Are Jobless Recoveries the New Norm? Tasci, Murat. Economic Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 22, 2010. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/commentary/2010/2010-1.pdf

26th Annual NABE Economic Policy Conference Labor Markets and Monetary Policy. Speech by President Charles Evans to the NABE Economic Policy Conference, Washington, DC. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, March 9, 2010. http://www.chicagofed.org/webpages/publications/speeches/2010/03_09_NABE3_speech.cfm

A Historical Look at the Labor Market during Recessions. Martínez-García, Enrique, and Janet Koech. Economic Letter Vol. 5, 1. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, January 2010. http://www.dallasfed.org/assets/documents/research/eclett/2010/el1001.pdf

This Recession's Effect on Employment: How It Stacks Up for Blacks, Whites, Men and Women. Wall, Howard J. Bridges. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Winter 2009. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1858

Job Separations, Heterogeneity, and Earnings Inequality. Amaral, Pedro S. Working Paper 09-10. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, December 2009. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/workpaper/2009/wp0910.pdf

Vacancies and Unemployment. DiCecio, Riccardo, and Charles S. Gascon. Economic Synopses 44. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, November 12, 2009. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/09/ES0944.pdf

A Look at Another Job Market Number. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 14, 2009. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2009/10/a-look-at-another-job-market-number.html?d=1&s=hcc

Alternative Measures of the Unemployment Rate. Tasci, Murat, and Beth Mowry. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, October 7, 2009. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2009/1109/01ecoact.cfm

Economic Troughs, Changes in the Unemployment Rate, and Fed Policy. Robertson, John. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, October 2, 2009. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2009/10/economic-troughs-changes-in-the-unemployment-rate-and-fed-policy.html?d=1&s=hcc

The "Man-Cession" of 2008–2009: It's Big, but It's Not Great. Wall, Howard J. The Regional Economist. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, October 2009. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/pub_assets/pdf/re/2009/d/mancession.pdf

The Incidence and Duration of Unemployment over the Business Cycle. Tasci, Murat, and Kyle Fee. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 1, 2009. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2009/0909/02ecoact.cfm

The U.S. Economy and the Employment Challenge. Speech by President Dennis P. Lockhart to the Chattanooga Area Chamber of Commerce, Chattanooga, TN. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, August 26, 2009. http://www.frbatlanta.org/news/speeches/speech-aug_26_2009.cfm?d=1&s=hcc

Unemployment Rate: Count Me Surprised. Altig, David. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, July 23, 2009. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2009/07/unemployment-rate-count-me-surprised.html?d=1&s=hcc

How Will Unemployment Fare Following the Recession? Knotek II, Edward S., and Stephen Terry. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Third Quarter 2009. http://www.kansascityfed.org/PUBLICAT/ECONREV/pdf/09q3knotek.pdf

Are There Green Shoots in the Labor Market? Pitts, M. Melinda, and Menbere Shiferaw. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, June 8, 2009. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2009/06/are-there-green-shoots-in-the-labor-market.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Labor Market in this Downturn: A Historical Comparison. Mowry, Beth, and Murat Tasci. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, June 5, 2009. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2009/0609/06ecoact.cfm

Financial Stress: What Is It, How Can It Be Measured, and Why Does It Matter? Hakkio, Craig S., and William R. Keeton. Economic Review. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Second Quarter 2009. http://www.kansascityfed.org/PUBLICAT/ECONREV/PDF/09q2hakkio_keeton.pdf

A Look at Postrecession Employment Trends. Pitts, M. Melinda. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, March 17, 2009. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2009/03/a-look-at-postrecession-employment-trends.html?d=1&s=hcc

How Bad Is the Employment Picture, Really? Altig, David. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, February 13, 2009. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2009/02/how-bad-is-the-employment-picture-really.html?d=1&s=hcc

Higher Unemployment: Labor Force Effects versus Job Loss Effects. Hotchkiss, Julie. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 19, 2008. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2008/12/higher-unemploy.html?d=1&s=hcc

The Recession in Pictorial Context. Altig, David. macroblog. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, December 5, 2008. http://macroblog.typepad.com/macroblog/2008/12/the-recession-i.html?d=1&s=hcc

Trend Unemployment and What It Says about Unemployment Patterns. Tasci, Murat, and Beth Mowry. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, September 19, 2008. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2008/1008/01ecoact.cfm

Will We Have Another "Jobless" Recovery? Bauer, Paul W. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, July 30, 2008. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2008/0808/01ecoact.cfm

Just When Did the Labor Market Begin to Soften? Yoonsoo, Lee, and Beth Mowry. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, July 8, 2008. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2008/0708/05ecoact.cfm

Gender Differences in Employment Statistics. Yoonsoo, Lee, and Beth Mowry. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, May 13, 2008. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2008/0508/04ecoact.cfm

Does the Recent Trend in Labor Demand Presage Recession? Tasci, Murat, and Beth Mowry. Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, March 24, 2008. http://www.clevelandfed.org/research/trends/2008/0408/01ecoact.cfm

An Expanded Look at Employment. Kleiesen, Kevin L. Economic Synopses 7. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, March 2008. http://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/es/08/ES0807.pdf