Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Research Economist and Senior Adviser Julie Hotchkiss

Julie Hotchkiss

Research Economist and Senior Adviser
curriculum vitae  :: IDEAS pageOff-site link :: Google Scholar pageOff-site link
email :: 404-498-8198

To interview economists, press should contact Public Affairs at 404-498-8748.

  • Biography

    Julie Hotchkiss is a research economist and senior adviser on the applied microeconomics team in the research department at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Her major fields of study are earnings and employment differentials across different groups of workers, variations in employment and earnings across time, and policy implications of changes in labor supply. She also contributes to the Atlanta Fed's macroblog, which provides commentary on economic topics, including monetary policy, macroeconomic developments, and the Southeast economy.

    Dr. Hotchkiss also serves as the executive director of the Atlanta Research Data Center (ARDC). The ARDC is in a secure physical location, housed in the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, where researchers can access nonpublic census data and data from other agencies. Eight regional research institutions support the ARDC. The ARDC is part of the Federal Statistical RDC Network.

    Prior to joining the Bank in 2003, Dr. Hotchkiss was professor of economics at the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University. She began teaching as a senior associate and assistant professor of economics at the Policy Research Center at Georgia State University in 1989. She maintains an appointment as adjunct professor of economics in the Andrew Young School at Georgia State.

    Dr. Hotchkiss has published her research in various journals, including Applied Economics, the Review of Economics and Statistics, and the American Economic Review. She is a member of the American Economic Association, the Southern Economic Association, the Society of Labor Economists, and the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession. She has served as a coeditor for the Southern Economic Journal and the Eastern Economic Journal, on the board of the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession, and as a Vice President of the Southern Economic Association.

    A native of Los Angeles, Dr. Hotchkiss received bachelor of arts degrees in economics and French from Willamette University. She earned her master's and doctoral degrees in economics at Cornell University.

  • Working Papers

    Atlanta Fed Working Papers

    2018-5
    In-migration and Dilution of Community Social Capital
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Anil Rupasingha
    July 2018
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2018-3
    Individual Social Capital and Migration
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Anil Rupasingha
    March 2018
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2018-1b
    Some Like It Hot: Assessing Longer-Term Labor Market Benefits from a High-Pressure Economy
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Robert E. Moore
    June 2018 (Revised October 2018)
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2017-7
    Family Welfare and the Cost of Unemployment
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, Robert E. Moore, and Fernando Rios-Avila
    September 2017
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2016-12
    Wage Determination in Social Occupations: The Role of Individual Social Capital
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Anil Rupasingha
    November 2016
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2015-10
    The Impact on Employment and Hours of Allowing Sunday Alcohol Sales in Georgia
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Yanling Qi
    November 2015
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2014-26a
    A Tale of Two Decades: Relative Intra-family Earning Capacity and Changes in Family Welfare over Time
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, Robert E. Moore, Fernando Rios-Avila, and Melissa R. Trussell
    (Revised) November 2015
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2014-23
    Impact of First-Birth Career Interruption on Earnings: Evidence from Administrative Data
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, M. Melinda Pitts, and Mary Beth Walker
    November 2014
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2014-10
    Family Welfare and the Great Recession
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, Robert E. Moore, and Fernando Rios-Avila
    August 2014
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2014-8
    Adjusted Employment-to-Population Ratio as an Indicator of Labor Market Strength
    Julie L. Hotchkiss
    August 2014
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2013-3
    Even One Is Too Much: The Economic Consequences of Being a Smoker
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and M. Melinda Pitts
    July 2013
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2012-10
    A Closer Look at Nonparticipants During and After the Great Recession
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, M. Melinda Pitts, and Fernando Rios-Avila
    August 2012
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2012-04
    The Wage Impact of Undocumented Workers
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, M. Melinda Pitts, and Fernando Rios-Avila
    March 2012
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2012-02a
    Does Employing Undocumented Workers Give Firms a Competitive Advantage?
    J. David Brown, Julie L. Hotchkiss, and Myriam Quispe-Agnoli
    November 2012 (revised)
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2010-12
    Decomposing the Education Wage Gap: Everything but the Kitchen Sink
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Menbere Shiferaw
    August 2010
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2010-02
    Assessing the Impact of Education and Marriage on Labor Market Exit Decisions of Women
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, M. Melinda Pitts, and Mary Beth Walker
    February 2010
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2009-14d
    Employer Monopsony Power in the Labor Market for Undocumented Workers
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Myriam Quispe-Agnoli
    March 2012 (revised)
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2009-06a
    Decomposing Changes in the Aggregate Labor Force Participation Rate
    Julie L. Hotchkiss
    July 2009 (revised)
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2008-28
    Undocumented Worker Employment and Firm Survivability
    J. David Brown, Julie L. Hotchkiss, and Myriam Quispe-Agnoli
    December 2008
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2008-24
    Elimination of Gender-Related Employment Disparities through Statistical Process Control
    Mary E. Graham and Julie L. Hotchkiss
    October 2008
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2008-08
    Working with Children? The Probability of Mothers Exiting the Workforce at Time of Birth
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, M. Melinda Pitts, and Mary Beth Walker
    February 2008
    Abstract | Full text  Adobe PDF file format

    2008-07c
    The Labor Market Experience and Impact of Undocumented Workers
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Myriam Quispe-Agnoli
    June 2008 (revised)
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2007-27
    Assessing the Welfare Impact of the 2001 Tax Reform on Dual-Earner Families
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Robert E. Moore
    December 2007
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2007-16
    Evidence of Demand Factors in the Determination of the Labor Market Intermittency Penalty
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and M. Melinda Pitts
    July 2007
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2007-01
    The Role of Labor Market Intermittency in Explaining Gender Wage Differentials
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and M. Melinda Pitts
    February 2007
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format
    Published in American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings

    2006-08
    Asymmetric Labor Force Participation Decisions over the Business Cycle: Evidence from U.S. Microdata
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and John C. Robertson
    July 2006
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2006-07
    Welfare Recipiency, Job Separation Outcomes, and Postseparation Earnings: Insight from Linked Personnel and State Administrative Data
    Jill Marie Gunderson and Julie L. Hotchkiss
    May 2006
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format
    Published in Contemporary Economic Policy

    2006-01
    The Push-Pull Effects of the Information Technology Boom and Bust: Insight from Matched Employer-Employee Data
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, M. Melinda Pitts, and John C. Robertson
    February 2006
    Abstract | Full text  Adobe PDF file format
    Published in Economic Development Quarterly

    2005-22
    Freshman Learning Communities, College Performance, and Retention
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, Robert E. Moore, and M. Melinda Pitts
    September 2005
    Abstract | Full text  Adobe PDF file format
    Published in Education Economics

    2005-18
    What's Up with the Decline in Female Labor Force Participation?
    Julie L. Hotchkiss
    August 2005
    Abstract | Full text  Adobe PDF file format
    Published in Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Economic Review as "Changes in Behavioral and Characteristic Determination of Female Labor Force Participation"

    2005-11
    Earnings on the Information Technology Rollercoaster: Insight from Matched Employer-Employee Data
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, M. Melinda Pitts, and John C. Robertson
    June 2005
    Abstract | Full text  Adobe PDF file format
    Published in Southern Economic Journal

    2004-25
    Employment Growth and Labor Force Participation: How Many Jobs Are Enough?
    Julie L. Hotchkiss
    October 2004
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format
    Published in Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Economic Review

    2004-19
    Wage Gains among Job Changers across the Business Cycle: Insight from State Administrative Data
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, M. Melinda Pitts, and John C. Robertson
    August 2004
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2004-16a
    The Impact of 9/11 on Hours of Work in the United States
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Olga Pavlova
    September 2004 (revised)
    Abstract | Full text  Adobe PDF file format
    Published in Applied Economics Letters

    2004-12
    Job Separation Behavior of Welfare Recipients: Results from a Unique Case Study
    Jill Marie Gunderson and Julie L. Hotchkiss
    May 2004
    Abstract | Full text  Adobe PDF file format
    Published in Social Service Review

    2003-38
    The Ups and Downs of Jobs in Georgia: What Can We Learn about Employment Growth from State Administrative Data?
    Julie L. Hotchkiss, M. Melinda Pitts, and John C. Robertson
    December 2003
    Abstract | Full text Adobe PDF file format

    2003-33
    Female Labor Force Intermittency and Current Earnings: A Switching Regression Model with Unknown Sample Selection
    Julie L. Hotchkiss and M. Melinda Pitts
    December 2003
    Abstract | Full text  Adobe PDF file format
    Published in Applied Economics

    2003-11
    Which Industries Are the Best Employers for Women? An Application of a New Equal Employment Opportunity Index
    Mary E. Graham and Julie Hotchkiss
    July 2003
    Abstract | Full text  Adobe PDF file format
    Published in Applied Economics

  • Other Fed Work

    Articles

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "A Brewing Battle? A Review of The Coming Jobs War Adobe PDF file format." Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta EconSouth (2012 Q2).

    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Menbere Shiferaw."Decomposing the Education Wage Gap: Everything but the Kitchen SinkOff-site link." Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review (2011 No4).

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Changes in the Aggregate Labor Force Participation Rate." Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Economic Review (2009 Q4).

    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Menbere Shiferaw. "Econ 101: What's in a name?" Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta EconSouth (2009 Q1).

    William R. Smith and Julie L. Hotchkiss. "After the Boom, Housing Affordability a Growing Challenge." Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta EconSouth (2007 Q1).

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Changes in Behavioral and Characteristic Determination of Female Labor Force Participation, 1975–2005" Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Economic Review (2006 Q2).

    Jason DeBacker, Julie Hotchkiss, Melinda Pitts, and John Robertson. "It's Who You Are and What You Do: Explaining the IT Industry Wage Premium" Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Economic Review (2005 Q3).

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Employment Growth and Labor Force Participation: How Many Jobs Are Enough?" Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Economic Review (2005 Q1).

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Economics 101: Demand and Supply." Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta EconSouth (2005 Q1).

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Labor Market Lessons from Georgia's Temp Workers." Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta EconSouth (2004 Q2).

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Review of Losing Work, Moving On: International Perspectives on Worker Displacement by Peter J. Kuhn." Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta EconSouth (2004 Q2).

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Growing Part-Time Employment among Disabled Workers: Marginalization or Opportunity?" Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Economic Review (2004 Q3).

    Blog Posts

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Slide into the Economic Driver's Seat with the Labor Market Sliders." macroblog. May 5, 2017.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Does a High-Pressure Labor Market Bring Long-Term Benefits?." macroblog. February 13, 2017.

    Rebekah Durham, Julie L. Hotchkiss, and Melinda Pitts. "How Will Employers Respond to New Overtime Regulations?." macroblog. July 15, 2016.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "What Occupational Projections Say about Entry-Level Skill Demand," macroblog. January 7, 2016.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Should We Be Concerned about Declines in Labor Force Growth?" macroblog. October 19, 2015.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss and Christopher J. Macpherson. "Falling Job Tenure: It's Not Just about Millennials." macroblog. June 8, 2015.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "And the Winner Is...Full-time Jobs!." macroblog. November 24, 2014.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "The Implications of Flat or Declining Real Wages for Inequality." macroblog. June 30, 2014.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Atlanta Fed's Jobs Calculator Drills Down to the State." macroblog. November 14, 2013.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Behavior's Place in the Labor Force Participation Rate Debate." macroblog. May 10, 2013.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Building a Better Jobs Calculator: Choose Your Own Payroll/Household Employment Ratio." macroblog. May 3, 2013.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "What If...? Looking Beyond this Month's Jobs Numbers." macroblog. March 9, 2012.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "How Many Jobs Does It Take? Introducing the Atlanta Fed's Jobs Calculator." macroblog. March 2, 2012.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Employment: Some Good News, Some Bad News." macroblog. February 3, 2012.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Another Side of the Administration's Tax Plan." macroblog. March 11, 2009.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Higher Unemployment: Labor Force Effects versus Job Loss Effects." macroblog. December 19, 2008.

    Podcast Episodes podcast

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "A Discussion of Unemployment's Impact on Family Welfare." Economy Matters podcast. October 26, 2017.

    Julie L. Hotchkiss. "Coming to Our Census: A Look at the Atlanta Fed’s Research Data Center." Economy Matters podcast. July 22, 2016.