Survey of Business Uncertainty
In partnership with Steven Davis of the University of Chicago Booth School of Business and Nicholas Bloom of Stanford University, the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta has created the Atlanta Fed/Chicago Booth/Stanford Survey of Business Uncertainty (SBU). This innovative panel survey measures the one-year-ahead expectations and uncertainties that firms have about their own costs, employment, capital investment, and sales. The sample covers all regions of the U.S. economy, every industry sector except agriculture and government, and a broad range of firm sizes.
Dave Altig is executive vice president and director of research at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. In addition to advising the Bank president on monetary policy and related matters, Dr. Altig oversees the Bank's regional executives and the Bank's research department. He also serves as a member of the Bank's management and discount committees. He leads the Atlanta Fed's macroblog, which provides commentary on economic topics, including monetary policy, macroeconomic developments, and the Southeast economy.
Jose Maria Barrero
Jose Maria Barrero is a PhD student at Stanford University's economics department. His research focuses on how businesses make decisions under risk and uncertainty, and how they react to unforeseen shocks. Barrero's work explores the link between microeconomic behavior at the firm level and macroeconomic performance by combining data analysis and macroeconomic modeling. He holds a BA in economics and mathematics from the University of Pennsylvania and an MA in economics from Stanford.
Nicholas (Nick) Bloom
Nick Bloom is a professor of economics at Stanford University and a codirector of the Productivity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship program at the National Bureau of Economic Research. His research focuses on management practices and uncertainty. He previously worked at the U.K. Treasury and McKinsey & Company. He holds a bachelor's degree from Cambridge University, a master's degree from Oxford University, and a PhD from University College London.
Steven J. Davis
Steven J. Davis is a professor of economics at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business and senior fellow at the Hoover Institution. His research focuses on labor market outcomes, business performance, economic fluctuations, and uncertainty. He is an elected fellow of the Society of Labor Economists, former editor of the American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, economic adviser to the U.S. Congressional Budget Office, and senior fellow with the Asian Bureau of Finance and Economics Research. He is also a co-creator of the Economic Policy Uncertainty Indices, and he co-organizes the Asian Monetary Policy Forum, held annually in Singapore. Davis received a PhD in economics from Brown University in 1986 and joined the Booth faculty in 1985.
Brent Meyer is an associate policy adviser and economist in the research department at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. His primary research interests include inflation and prices, monetary policy, and macroeconomic forecasting. In addition to providing monetary policy support, Meyer contributes to the Atlanta Fed's Inflation Project, an online dashboard offering an array of data and survey results on inflation, and to the Atlanta Fed's macroblog, which provides commentary on economic topics, including monetary policy, macroeconomic developments, and the regional economy. Meyer earned a bachelor's degree in economics from Hillsdale College and a master's degree in economics from Bowling Green State University.
Nicholas Parker is survey director in the Research Department at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. He works primarily on business survey design and methodology, including questionnaire design, cognitive testing, and usability testing as well as the analysis and communication of survey results to policymakers, researchers, and the general public. He also provides methodological and analytical support for other data collection efforts, including those conducted by the Atlanta Fed's Regional Economic Information Network. Parker earned a bachelor’s degree in economics from the University of Tampa and continues to pursue graduate studies in survey methodology and data science at the Joint Program in Survey Methodology at the University of Maryland.
Michael Bryan was a vice president and senior economist in the research department of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, where he was responsible for organizing the Atlanta Fed’s monetary policy process. He came to the Atlanta Fed in 2008, and retired from there in 2016. Before coming to Atlanta, Bryan was at the Cleveland Fed, where he had spent 30 years in positions of increasing responsibility. Bryan is currently serving on the faculty of the University of South Carolina.
About the Survey
Why do we conduct this survey?
The SBU elicits a 5-point probability distribution over 12-month-ahead sales, employment, unit costs, and capital expenditures for each firm. It also elicits current values of these quantities. The survey’s innovative design allows the calculation of each firm’s expected growth rate over the next year and its degree of uncertainty about its expectations. Policy makers and researchers can use SBU data to help forecast economic activity and better understand how business expectations and uncertainty affect employment, sales, investment, and other economic outcomes.
The Survey of Business Uncertainty Partnership
The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta fields the Survey of Business Uncertainty in partnership with Steven Davis of the University of Chicago Booth School of Business and Nick Bloom of Stanford University. Davis and Bloom are the creators of the Economic Policy Uncertainty (EPU) indices and experts in the field.
For Technical Information about the SBU
Please consult "Survey of Business Uncertainty" by David Altig, Jose Maria Barrero, Nicholas Bloom, Mike Bryan, Steven J. Davis, Brent H. Meyer, and Nicholas Parker.
Sample Survey Forms
Each survey form below goes to about half the panel members each month. A given panel member alternates between the two forms from month to month. In addition to the core survey questions posed in the forms below, we typically ask at least one special question each month.
Survey Release Dates
The Survey of Business Uncertainty will be released by 11 a.m. ET on the following dates:
- December 28, 2018
- January 30, 2019
- February 27, 2019
- March 27, 2019
- April 24, 2019
- May 29, 2019
- June 26, 2019
- July 31, 2019
- August 28, 2019
- September 25, 2019
- October 30, 2019
- November 27, 2019
- December 23, 2019
About the Panel
- "Are Tariff Worries Cutting into Business Investment?" August 7, 2018
- "What Are Businesses Saying about Tax Reform Now?" March 23, 2018
- "What Businesses Said about Tax Reform," January 17, 2018
Data and surveys:
SBU in the Media
- "US private sector cuts $32.5b capital spending due to tariff, trade tensions: Survey," China Daily, February 27, 2019.
- William Mauldin. "Tariff Fears Led U.S. Manufacturers to Trim Spending," The Wall Street Journal, February 26, 2019.
- James Mackintosh. "Trading on Uncertainty About Tariffs," Wall Street Journal, December 4, 2018.
- Steven J. Davis. "Trump's trade-policy uncertainty deters investment," Chicago Booth Review, November 14, 2018.
- Steve Matthews. "Tariffs Prompt U.S. Manufacturers to Review Plans: Fed Survey," Bloomberg, August 7, 2018.